A significant contribution to political ecology, "Conservation Is Our Government Now" is an ethnographic examination of the history and social effects of conservation and development efforts in Papua New Guinea. Drawing on extensive fieldwork conducted over a period of seven years, Paige West focuses on the Crater Mountain Wildlife Management Area, an area that was the site of a biodiversity conservation project implemented between 1994 and 1999. She describes the interactions between those who ran the program - mostly NGO workers - and the Gimi people who live in the forests surrounding Crater Mountain. West shows that throughout the project there was a profound disconnect between the two groups' goals. The NGO workers thought that they would encourage conservation and cultivate development by teaching Gimi to value biodiversity as an economic resource. The villagers expected that in exchange for the land, labour, food, and friendship they extended to the conservation workers, they would be given benefits, such as medicine and technology. In the end, the divergent nature of the two groups' expectations led to disappointment for both.
West reveals how every aspect of the Crater Mountain Wildlife Management Area - including ideas of space, place, environment, and society - was socially produced, created by changing configurations of ideas, actions, and material relations not only in Papua New Guinea but also in other locations around the world. Complicating many of the assumptions about nature, culture, and development underlying contemporary conservation efforts, "Conservation Is Our Government Now" demonstrates the unique capacity of ethnography to illuminate the relationship between the global and the local, between trans-national processes and individual lives.
An ethnographic examination of the history and social effects of conservation and development efforts in Papua New Guinea