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Bokkilden Structured Inequality in the U.S - Adalberto Aguirre - Paperback (9780132256827)
Structured Inequality in the U.S - Adalberto Aguirre David Baker Pocket
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Utgitt:
Forlag:
Pearson Higher Education
Innb:
Paperback
Språk:
Engelsk
Sider:
426
Format:
23 x 18 cm
ISBN:
9780132256827
Utgave:
2 Rev ed

Structured Inequality in the U.S

Discussions on the Continuing Significance of the Race, Ethnicity and Gender

av ;

David Baker

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This book focuses on the consequences of structured social inequality for racial and ethnic groups with United States society. It shows readers how oppression, due to race, ethnicity, or gender, still exists today and how it is relevant in everyday life. Examines the relationship between differential access to valued resources and the social position of racial and ethnic minorities today. Deals with inequality in Education, Criminal Justice, Health and Medicine, Family, Economics, and Politics. Ideal as a supplemental book for readers with an interest in racial and ethnic relations or stratification.

Structured Inequality in the U.S

Foreword xv
Preface xvii
About the Authors xxi
Chapter 1 Structured Inequality in American Society 1
Introduction
1
Attributing Blame for Race and Ethnic Inequality
3
A Sociological Context for the Study of Racial, Ethnic, and Gender Inequality in the United States
4
Structured Social Inequality
5
Structured Discrimination
5
Racial and Ethnic Oppression
6
The Persistence of Inequality
6
Summary
7
Endnotes
7
READING 1.1 "THE EARLIEST PERCEPTIONS: THE RIGHT OF THE DISCOVERER [CONQUEROR]"
9
Study Question
13
READING 1.2 LOUIS L. KNOWLES AND KENNETH PREWITT, "THE REPORT OF THE NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMISSION ON CIVIL DISORDERS: A COMMENT"
14
Study Question
21
READING 1.3 JOE R. FEAGIN, "SYSTEMIC RACISM"
22
Study Question
27
READING 1.4 NIJOLE V. BENOKRAITIS AND JOE R. FEAGIN, "WOMEN OF COLOR: FIGHTING SEXISM AND RACISM"
28
Study Question
37
Chapter 2 Inequality in American Education 39
Introduction
39
Public School Population Changes
40
Public School Resegregation
41
Inequality in Higher Education
42
A Case Study in Inequality: The Educational Needs of American Indian Schoolchildren
44
Summary
46
Endnotes
46
READING 2.1 EDNA BONACICH, "RACISM IN THE DEEP STRUCTURE OF U.S. HIGHER EDUCATION: WHEN AFFIRMATIVE ACTION IS NOT ENOUGH"
49
Study Question
57
READING 2.2 JOE R. FEAGIN AND BERNICE MCNAIR BARNETT, "SUCCESS AND FAILURE: HOW SYSTEMATIC RACISM TRUMPED THE BROWN V. BOARD OF EDUCATION DECISION"
58
Study Question
66
READING 2.3 BOBBY WRIGHT AND WILLIAM G. TIERNEY, "AMERICAN INDIANS IN HIGHER EDUCATION: A HISTORY OF CULTURAL CONFLICT"
67
Study Question
73
READING 2.4 ADALBERTO AGUIRRE JR., "ACADEMIC STORYTELLING: A CRITICAL RACE THEORY STORY OF AFFIRMATIVE ACTION"
74
Study Question
86
Chapter 3 Inequality in American Criminal Justice 87
Introduction
87
Selective Law Enforcement
87
Sentencing Disparity
89
Gender and Criminal Justin
92
Race and Capital Punishment
92
Summary
93
Endnotes
94
READING 3.1 MARY ROMERO, "STATE VIOLENCE, AND THE SOCIAL AND LEGAL CONSTRUCTION OF LATINO CRIMINALITY: FROM EL BANDIDO TO GANG MEMBER"
97
Study Question
102
READING 3.2 JENNIFER WARD, "SNAPSHOTS: HOLISTIC IMAGES OF FEMALE OFFENDERS IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM"
103
Study Question
111
READING 3.3 ARTHUR L. RIZER Ill, "THE RACE EFFECT ON WRONGFUL CONVICTIONS"
112
Study Question
120
READING 3.4 KENNETH B. NUNN, "RACE, CRIME AND THE POOL OF SURPLUS CRIMINALITY: OR WHY THE `WAR ON DRUGS' WAS A `WAR ON BLACKS"'
121
Study Question
133
Chapter 4 Inequality in the American Family 135
Introduction
135
Dimensions of Family Violence
137
Gay Marriages and Parenthood
138
Child Victimization
139
Summary
141
Endnotes
142
READING 4.1 ALEXANDER DETSCHELT, "RECOGNIZING DOMESTIC VIOLENCE DIRECTED TOWARDS MEN: OVERCOMING SOCIETAL PERCEPTIONS, CONDUCTING ACCURATE STUDIES, AND ENACTING RESPONSIBLE LEGISLATION"
144
Study Question
152
READING 4.2 ROBERT L. HAMPTON AND RICHARD J. GELLES, "VIOLENCE TOWARD BLACK WOMEN IN A NATIONALLY REPRESENTATIVE SAMPLE OF BLACK FAMILIES"
153
Study Question
160
READING 4.3 ERICA GESING, "THE FIGHT TO BE A PARENT: HOW COURTS HAVE RESTRICTED THE CONSTITUTIONALLY-BASED CHALLENGES AVAILABLE TO HOMOSEXUALS"
161
Study Question
173
READING 4.4 ANDREA CHARLOW, "RACE, POVERTY, AND NEGLECT"
174
Study Question
185
Chapter 5 Inequality in the Economic Institution 187
Introduction
187
Occupational Segregation
188
Unemployment
190
Exploited Child Labor: America's Shameful Secret
191
Poverty
193
Summary
195
Endnotes
196
READING 5.1 M. NEIL BROWNE AND ANDREA G IAMPETROMEYER, "MANY PATHS TO JUSTICE: THE GLASS CEILING, THE LOOKING GLASS, AND STRATEGIES FOR GETTING TO THE OTHER SIDE"
198
Study Question
207
READING 5.2 MARIA L. ONTIVEROS, "LESSONS FROM THE FIELDS: FEMALE FARMWORKERS AND THE LAW"
208
Study Question
219
READING 5.3 GEORGE E. TINKER AND LORING BUSH, "NATIVE AMERICAN UNEMPLOYMENT STATISTICAL GAMES AND COVERUPS"
220
Study Question
229
READING 5.4 SUSAN L. THOMAS, "WOMEN, WELFARE, REFORM AND THE PRESERVATION OF A MYTH"
230
Study Question
241
Chapter 6 Inequality in the Political Institution 243
Introduction
243
Unauthorized Immigration
243
Felony Diesenfranchisement Laws
246
Human Trafficking and Sexual Slavery
247
America's Brutal Imperialism
248
Summary
249
Endnotes
249
READING 6.1 KEVIN R. JOHNSON, "SEPTEMBER 11 AND MEXICAN IMMIGRANTS: COLLATERAL DAMAGE COMES HOME"
251
Study Question
260
READING 6.2 MONIQUE L. DIXON, "MINORITY DISENFRANCHISEMENT DURING THE 2000 GENERAL ELECTION: A BLAST FROM THE PAST OR A BLUEPRINT FOR REFORM"
261
Study Question
270
READING 6.3 CAROLYN J. SEUGLING, "TOWARD A COMPREHENSIVE RESPONSE TO THE TRANSNATIONAL MIGRATION OF UNACCOMPANIED MINORS IN THE UNITED STATES"
271
Study Question
282
READING 6.4 JOSEPH KAY, "SIXTY YEARS SINCE THE HIROSHIMA AND NAGASAKI BOMBINGS"
283
Study Question
295
Chapter 7 Inequality in the Health and Medicine Institution 297
Introduction
297
Health Care and Persons of Color
298
Women's Health Issues
299
Eugenics (Good Breeding) and Minority Status
300
Endnotes
305
READING 7.1 GEOFF BOHEM, "DEBUNKING MEDICAL MALPRACTICE MYTHS: UNRAVELING THE FALSE PREMISES BEHIND 'TORT REFORM"
308
Study Question
313
READING 7.2 RENE BOWSER, "RACIAL PROFILING IN HEALTH CARE: AN INSTITUTIONAL ANALYSIS OF MEDICAL TREATMENT DISPARITIES"
314
Study Question
322
READING 7.3 VICKI LAWRENCE MACDOUGALL, "MEDICAL GENDER BIAS AND MANAGED CARE"
323
Study Question
339
READING 7.4 MICHAEL G. SILVER, "EUGENICS AND COMPULSORY STERILIZATION LAWS: PROVIDING REDRESS FOR THE VICTIMS OF A SHAMEFUL ERA IN UNITED STATES HISTORY"
340
Study Question
350
Chapter 8 Inequality in Communities of Color 351
Introduction
351
The Media and Racist Ideology
351
Hate Crimes
353
Homelessness
354
Is Civil Rights Law Dead?
356
Summary
359
Endnotes
360
READING 8.1 N. JEREMI DURU, "THE CENTRAL PARK FIVE, THE SCOTTSBORO BOYS, AND THE MYTH OF THE BESTIAL BLACK MAN"
362
Study Question
373
READING 8.2 BARBARA PERRY, "NORMATIVE VIOLENCE: EVIRYDAY RACISM IN THE LIVES OF AMERICAN INDIANS"
374
Study Question
388
READING 8.3 MAYA NORDBERG, "JAILS NOT HOMES: QUALITY OF LIFE ON THE STREETS OF SAN FRANCISCO"
389
Study Question
402
READING 8.4 KEVIN R. JOHNSON, "THE STRUGGLE FOR CIVIL RIGHTS: THE NEED FOR, AND IMPEDIMENTS TO, POLITICAL COALITIONS AMONG AND WITHIN MINORITY GROUPS"
403
Study Question
412
Index 413
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