Examines one of the most exciting and dynamic periods in the development of medieval Islam, from the late 9th to the early
11th century, through the thought of five of its principal thinkers, prime among them al-Farabi. This great Islamic philosopher,
called 'the Second Master' after Aristotle, produced a recognizable school of thought in which others pursued and developed
some of his own intellectual preoccupations. Their thought is treated with particular reference to the most basic questions
which can be asked in the theory of knowledge or epistemology. The book thus fills a lacuna in the literature by using this
approach to highlight the intellectual continuity which was maintained in an age of flux. Particular attention is paid to
the ethical dimensions of knowledge.