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Bokkilden Criminal Law Today - Frank J. Schmalleger - Innbundet (9780135042618)
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Forlag:
Pearson Education (US)
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Innbundet
Språk:
Engelsk
Sider:
592
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28 x 22 cm
ISBN:
9780135042618
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4 Rev ed
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Criminal Law Today

Preface xxi
Acknowledgments xxiii
About the Authors xxv
The Nature and History of Criminal Law
3(36)
Introduction
4(1)
What Is Criminal Law?
4(1)
Historical and Philosophical Perspectives
5(1)
Natural and Positive Law
5(1)
Criminal Law in the News Islamic Law and the Girl of Qatif
6(3)
History of Western Law
8(1)
Common Law
9(4)
Civil Law Distinguished
11(2)
Criminal Procedure Distinguished
13(1)
Types of Crimes
13(2)
The Purpose of Criminal Law
15(1)
Sources of Criminal Law
16(3)
Constitutions
16(2)
Statutes, Ordinances, and Regulations
18(1)
Common Law
18(1)
Capstone Case Payne v. Tennessee, 501 U.S. 808 (1991)
19(7)
The Model Penal Code
24(2)
The Modern U.S. Legal System
26(5)
Federalism
26(1)
Separation of Powers
27(2)
An Adversarial, Accusatorial Due Process System
29(2)
The Rule of Law
31(1)
Criminal Law in the News The Rule of Law Applies Equally to Lawbreakers and Lawmakers
32(1)
Summary
33(1)
Key Terms
33(1)
Questions for Discussion
34(1)
Legal Resources on the Web
34(1)
Suggested Readings and Classic Words
35(1)
Notes
36(3)
Criminal Liability and the Essence of Crime
39(20)
Introduction
40(1)
The Legal Essence of Criminal Conduct
40(2)
The Criminal Act
42(2)
Thinking Is Not Doing
42(1)
Being Is Not Doing
42(1)
Voluntary Acts
42(1)
Possession
43(1)
Failure to Act
44(1)
Threatening to Act
44(1)
State of Mind
44(4)
Strict Liability and Mens Rea
47(1)
Capstone Case United States v. Hanousek, 176 E3d 116 (9the Cir. 1999)
48(4)
When Statutes Are Silent on Mens Rea
51(1)
Capstone Case People v. Jensen, Mich. App. 439 (1998)
52(2)
Insanity and Mens Rea
54(1)
Concurrence
54(1)
Summary
55(1)
Key Terms
55(1)
Questions for Discussion
55(1)
Legal Resources on the Web
56(1)
Suggested Readings and Classic Works
56(1)
Notes
57(2)
Expanding the Concept of Crime
59(20)
Introduction
60(1)
Corpus Delicti
60(2)
Additional Principles of Criminality
62(2)
Causation
63(1)
Capstone Case Daniels v. State, WL 2460263 (Ct. App. Texas 2007)
64(7)
Resulting Harm
67(2)
The Principle of Legality
69(2)
Capstone Case State v. Reynolds, 642 A.2d 1368 (N.H. 1993)
71(3)
Necessary Attendant Circumstances
72(2)
Summary
74(1)
Key Terms
75(1)
Questions for Discussion
75(1)
Legal Resources on the Web
75(1)
Suggested Readings and Classic Works
76(1)
Notes
77(2)
Extending Criminal Liability: Inchoate Offenses and Parties to Crime
79(34)
Introduction
80(1)
Criminal Attempt
80(2)
The Act Requirement
81(1)
Criminal Law in the News Man Convicted of Attempted Rape of Fictitious Child
82(2)
Preparation
82(2)
Capstone Case Tennessee v. Reeves, 917 S.W.2d 825 (Tenn. 1996)
84(8)
Defenses to Charges of Criminal Attempts
89(2)
Completed Offense
91(1)
Punishment for Criminal Attempts
91(1)
Criminal Conspiracy
92(6)
Doctrine of Complicity
92(1)
Elements of the Crime
93(1)
Plurality Requirement
93(1)
Required Intent
94(1)
Parties to a Conspiracy
95(1)
Duration of a Conspiracy
96(2)
Criminal Solicitation
98(1)
Parties to Crime
99(4)
Relationship of Complicity
100(1)
Accomplice Liability
100(1)
Accessory
101(1)
The Criminal Liability of Corporations
101(2)
Criminal Law in the News New York Supplier Faces Manslaughter Count in Fatal Ceiling Collapse
103(4)
Vicarious Liability
106(1)
Summary
107(1)
Key Terms
108(1)
Questions for Discussion
108(1)
Legal Resources on the Web
108(1)
Suggested Readings and Classic Works
109(1)
Notes
109(4)
Justifications as Defenses
113(24)
Introduction
114(1)
Types of Defenses
114(2)
The Nature of Defenses
116(1)
Justification as a Defense
116(6)
Necessity
116(3)
Self-Defense
119(3)
Criminal Law in the News States Signing onto NRA-Backed Law to Expand Use of Deadly Force
122(2)
Capstone Case United States v. Thomas, 34 F.3d 44(2nd Cir. 1994)
124(8)
Defense of Others
126(1)
Defense of Home and Property
127(2)
Resisting Unlawful Arrest
129(2)
Consent
131(1)
Summary
132(1)
Key Terms
133(1)
Questions for Discussion
133(1)
Legal Resources on the Web
134(1)
Suggested Readings and Classic Works
134(1)
Notes
134(4)
Defenses: Excuses and Insanity
137(54)
Introduction
138(1)
The Nature of Excuses
139(1)
Categories of Excuses
139(3)
Duress
140(2)
Capstone Case United States v. Calley, 46 C.M.R. 1131 (1975)
142(2)
Intoxication
142(2)
Capstone Case Montana v. Egelhoff, 116 S.Ct. 2013 (1996)
144(5)
Mistake
145(4)
Capstone Case People v. Tolbert, 56 Cal. Rptr. 2d 604 (Cal. Ct. App. 1996)
149(5)
Age
149(2)
Entrapment
151(2)
Syndrome-Based Defense Enhancements
153(1)
Capstone Case Madera v.State, 943 So. 2d 960 (Fla. App. 4th Dist. 2006)
154(8)
Criminal Law in the New Judge Spare Shopping Addict from Prison
162(1)
Mental Incompetency
163(4)
Competency to Stand Trial
163(3)
Insanity at the Time of the Crime
166(1)
The Insanity Defense: A Common Misunderstanding
167(1)
What Is Insanity?
167(2)
History of the Insanity Defense
169(5)
The M'Naughten Rule: Knowing Right from Wrong
169(2)
The Irresistible Impulse Test: Control Rules
171(1)
The Durham Rule: Crime as a Product of Mental Disease
172(1)
The American Law Intitute Test: Substantial Capacity
173(1)
Guilty but Mentally III
173(1)
Capstone Case Miller v. State, 991 P.2d 1183 (Nevada 1996)
174(3)
The Doctrine of Settled Insanity
177(1)
Diminished Capacity
177(1)
How Widely Used Is the Insanity Defense?
178(1)
Consequences of an Insanity Finding
178(1)
Abolishing the Insanity Defense
179(1)
Capstone Case Commonwealth v. Burgess, 450 Mass. 366 (Mass.2008)
180(1)
Summary
181(3)
Key Terms
184(1)
Questions for Discussion
184(1)
Legal Resources on the Web
184(1)
Suggested Readings and Classic Works
185(1)
Notes
186(5)
Legal and Social Dimensions of Personal Crime: Homicide
191(32)
Introduction
192(1)
Criminal Homicide
192(5)
Corpus Delicti
193(1)
The Taking of a Life
193(2)
Defining Death
195(1)
The Time of Death
196(1)
Proximate Cause and Homicide
197(1)
Murder
197(6)
Malice Aforethought
198(2)
Capital Murder
200(1)
Felony Murder
201(2)
Manslaughter
203(1)
Voluntary Manslaughter
203(1)
Capstone Case State v. Amado, 680 A. 2d 974 (Conn. App. 1996)
204(4)
Capstone Case Commonwealth v. Schnopps, 417 N.E. 2d 1213 (Mass. 1981)
208(3)
Involuntary Manslaughter
209(2)
Criminal Law in the News Man Convicted of Manslaughter of Taking Seven-Year-Old Girl's Life Jacket
211(1)
Negligent Homicide
212(1)
Vehicular Homicide
212(1)
Criminal Law in the News Mother in Utah C-Section Case Gets Probation
213(1)
Suicide
213(2)
Capstone Case Vacco v. Quill, 521 U.S. 793 (1997)
215(2)
Summary
217(1)
Key Terms
218(1)
Questions for Discussion
218(1)
Legal Resources on the Web
218(1)
Suggested Readings and Classic Works
219(1)
Notes
219(4)
Legal and Social Dimensions of Personal Crime: Assault, Battery, and Other Personal Crimes
223(30)
Introduction
224(1)
Assault, Battery, and Mayhem
224(8)
Assault
225(1)
Placing Another in Fear
226(1)
Conditional Assault
227(1)
Aggravated Assault
227(1)
Attempted Assault
227(2)
Antistalking Statutes
229(1)
Battery
230(1)
Aggravated Battery
231(1)
Capstone Case Clements v. State. 19 S.W. 3rd 442 (Texas App.2000)
232(5)
Mayhem
235(2)
Sex Offenses
237(4)
Rape
237(3)
Sexual Assault
240(1)
Kidnapping and False Imprisonment
241(5)
Kidnapping
241(3)
False Imprisonment
244(2)
Capstone Case Schweinle v. State, 915 S.W.2d 17 (Texas Ct. App. 1996)
246(2)
Summary
248(1)
Key Terms
249(1)
Questions for Discussion
249(1)
Legal Resources on the Web
249(1)
Suggested Readings and Classic Works
250(1)
Notes
250(3)
Legal and Social Dimensions of Property and Computer Crimes
253(52)
Introduction
254(1)
Theft Crimes
254(4)
Larceny
256(2)
Capstone Case Dowling v. United States, 473 U.S. 207 (1985)
258(17)
Embezzlement
264(2)
False Pretenses
266(1)
Forgery
267(2)
Receiving Stolen Property
269(1)
Robbery
269(2)
Extortion
271(1)
Identity Theft: A 21st Century Verston of Theft
272(3)
Consolidation of Theft Crimes
275(1)
Burglary
275(3)
Capstone Case Folsom v. State, 668 So. 2d (Ala. Crim. App. 1995)
278(2)
Arson
280(1)
Computer and High-Technology Crimes
281(4)
Early Computer Crime Cases
283(1)
Computer Crime Laws
284(1)
Criminal Law in the News Web Crooks Getting Quicker
285(3)
Capstone Case People v. Rice, 2008 Colo. App.LEXIS 811 (Colo. App.3rd, 2008)
288(10)
Types of Computer Crimes
293(1)
Federal Cybercrime Enforcement Agencies
294(1)
Internet-Based Crime
294(4)
Summary
298(1)
Key Terms
299(1)
Questions for Discussion
299(1)
Legal Resources on the Web
300(1)
Suggested Readings and Classic Works
301(1)
Notes
301(4)
Offenses against Public Order and the Administration of Justice
305(36)
Introduction
306(1)
Crimes Against Public Order
307(3)
Breach of Peace and Disorderly Conduct
307(2)
Fighting and Affray
309(1)
Alcohol and Drug Crimes
309(1)
Capstone Case Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire, 315 U.S. 568 (1942)
310(14)
Riot and Unlawful Assembly
312(3)
Vagrancy and Loitering
315(2)
Teenage Curfew
317(1)
Weapons Carrying
318(3)
Illegal Entry into the United States
321(3)
Crimes against the Administration of Government
324(4)
Treason
324(1)
Perjury and Contempt
325(1)
Obstruction of Justice
326(1)
Escape
327(1)
Misconduct in Office and Bribery
327(1)
Environmental Crimes
328(2)
The Clean Water Act
329(1)
Capstone Case Rapanos v. United States, 547 U.S. 715 (2006)
330(4)
The Clean Air Act
331(1)
The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act
332(1)
The Toxic Substances Control Act
332(1)
The Endangered Species Act
332(1)
The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
332(1)
The Marine Mammal Protection Act
333(1)
Other Environmental Laws
334(1)
Summary
334(1)
Key Terms
335(1)
Questions for Discussion
335(1)
Legal Resources on the Web
335(2)
Suggested Readings and Classic Works
337(1)
Notes
337(4)
Terrorism and Human Trafficking
341(22)
Introduction
342(1)
Terrorism, Treason, and Sedition
342(1)
Terrorism Laws
343(3)
Constitutional Issues
346(3)
Human Smuggling and Trafficking in Persons
349(1)
Capstone Case Boumediene v. Bush, 553 U.S.___ (2008)
350(4)
Criminal Law in the News Deportation-Wary Migrants Targets of Crime
354(2)
Federal Immigration and Trafficking Legislation
356(1)
Summary
357(1)
Key Terms
358(1)
Questions for Discussion
358(1)
Legal Resources on the Web
358(2)
Suggested Readings and Classic Works
360(1)
Notes
360(3)
Offenses against Public Morality
363(36)
Introduction
364(1)
Crimes against Public Decency and Morality
364(2)
Prostitution
366(1)
Pornography, Obscenity, and Lewdness
367(3)
Capstone Case United States v. Williams, 553 U.S. (2008)
370(3)
Other Consensual Sex Offenses
373(1)
Capstone Case City of Erie v. Pap's A.M., 529 U.S. 277 (2000)
374(3)
Gambling and Gaming
377(1)
Capstone Case Lawrence v. Texas, 539 U.S. 558 (2003)
378(4)
Criminal Law in the News Polygamist Sentenced to Ten Years in Prison
382(1)
Controlled Substances
383(9)
Anti-Drug Abuse Legislation
384(1)
The Controlled Substances Act of 1970
384(3)
The Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988
387(1)
Other Federal Antidrug Legislation
388(1)
State-Level Antidrug Laws
388(1)
Asset Forfeiture
389(2)
Medical Marijuana
391(1)
A Critique of Laws Regulating Public Morality
392(1)
Summary
393(1)
Key Terms
393(1)
Questions for Discussion
394(1)
Legal Resources on the Web
394(1)
Suggested Readings and Classic Works
395(1)
Notes
395(4)
Victims and the Law
399(36)
Introduction
400(1)
Who is a Victim?
400(1)
A Short History of the Victim
401(4)
The Philosophy of Victims' Compensation
402(1)
Victims' Assistance Programs Today
403(2)
Victims' Rights Legislation
405(7)
The Growth of Victims' Rights
407(3)
``Son of Sam'' Laws
410(2)
Capstone Case Simon & Schuster, Inc. v. New York State Crime Victims Board, 502 U.S. 105 (1991)
412(7)
Victim-Impact Statements
418(1)
Victim Statistics
419(8)
The National Crime Victimization Survey
420(1)
Violence against Women
421(1)
Young Black Male Victims
421(1)
Elderly Victims
422(1)
The Uniform Crime Reporting Program
423(4)
Restitution
427(2)
The Restoration Movement
428(1)
Summary
429(1)
Key Terms
430(1)
Questions for Discussion
430(1)
Legal Resources on the Web
430(1)
Suggested Readings and Classic Works
431(1)
Notes
432(3)
Punishment and Sentencing
435(44)
Introduction
436(2)
Sentencing Rationales
438(6)
Retribution
438(2)
Deterrence
440(1)
Rehabilitation
440(1)
Restoration
441(1)
Incapacitation
441(3)
Imposing Criminal Sanctions
444(7)
Federal Sentencing Practices
446(2)
The Role of the Jury in Sentencing
448(2)
Truth in Sentencing
450(1)
Plea Bargaining
451(1)
Traditional Sentencing Options
452(1)
Less Traditional Sentencing Options
453(1)
Sentence Enhancements
454(3)
Capital Punishment
457(2)
Criminal Law in the News Texas Man Exonerated by DNA after 26 Years
459(3)
The Eighth Amendment and Capital Punishment
460(1)
Limits on Death Row Appeals
461(1)
Capstone Case Kennedy v. Louisiana, 554 U.S. (2008)
462(5)
Cruel and Unusual Punishments
466(1)
Intermediate Sanctions
467(1)
Capstone Case Baze v. Rees, 553 U.S. (2008)
468(4)
Summary
472(1)
Key Terms
473(1)
Questions for Discussion
474(1)
Legal Resources on the Web
474(1)
Suggested Readings and Classic Works
475(1)
Notes
475(4)
Appendix A How to Brief a Case 479(4)
Appendix B The Constitution of the United States of America 483(10)
Appendix C Model Penal Code Excerpts 493(38)
Glossary 531(14)
Table of Cases 545(4)
Index 549
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