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Bokkilden Clean Energy, Climate and Carbon - Peter J. Cook - Paperback (9780415621069)
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Utgitt:
Forlag:
Taylor & Francis Ltd
Innb:
Paperback
Språk:
Engelsk
Sider:
320
Format:
26 x 18 cm
ISBN:
9780415621069

Clean Energy, Climate and Carbon

Putting CO2 Back Where it Came from

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With the general reader in mind, Clean Energy, Climate and Carbon outlines the global challenge of decreasing greenhouse gas emissions. It covers the changing concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide through time and its causes, before considering the promise and the limitations of a wide range of energy technologies for decreasing carbon dioxide emissions. Despite the need to decrease carbon dioxide, the global use of fossil fuels is increasing and is likely to continue to do so for some decades to come. With this in mind, the book looks at the range of clean energy technologies and considers in detail, what for many people is the unfamiliar clean energy technology of carbon capture and storage (CCS). How can we capture carbon dioxide from flue gases? How do we transport it? How do we store it in suitable rocks? What are suitable rocks and where do we find them? How do we know the carbon dioxide will remain trapped once it is injected underground? What does CCS cost and how do those costs compare with other technology options? The book also explores the political environment in which the discussion on clean energy technology options is occurring. What will a price on carbon do for technology uptake and what are the prospects of cutting our emissions by 2020 and of making even deeper cuts by 2050? What will the technology mix look like by that time? For people who are concerned about climate change, or who want to learn more about clean energy technologies, including CCS, this is the definitive view of the opportunities and the challenges we face in decreasing emissions despite a seemingly inexorable global increase in energy demand.

Clean Energy, Climate and Carbon

With the general reader in mind, Clean Energy, Climate and Carbon outlines the global challenge of decreasing greenhouse gas emissions. It covers the changing concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide through time and its causes, before considering the promise and the limitations of a wide range of energy technologies for decreasing carbon dioxide emissions. Despite the need to decrease carbon dioxide, the global use of fossil fuels is increasing and is likely to continue to do so for some decades to come. With this in mind, the book looks at the range of clean energy technologies and considers in detail, what for many people is the unfamiliar clean energy technology of carbon capture and storage (CCS). How can we capture carbon dioxide from flue gases? How do we transport it? How do we store it in suitable rocks? What are suitable rocks and where do we find them? How do we know the carbon dioxide will remain trapped once it is injected underground? What does CCS cost and how do those costs compare with other technology options? The book also explores the political environment in which the discussion on clean energy technology options is occurring. What will a price on carbon do for technology uptake and what are the prospects of cutting our emissions by 2020 and of making even deeper cuts by 2050? What will the technology mix look like by that time? For people who are concerned about climate change, or who want to learn more about clean energy technologies, including CCS, this is the definitive view of the opportunities and the challenges we face in decreasing emissions despite a seemingly inexorable global increase in energy demand.

CONTENTS Preface Acknowledgements 1 The context Climate change science: the controversies Global and national efforts to take action on climate change About this book 2 CO2 and climate change Greenhouse gases The nature of carbon dioxide Carbon dioxide and earth's history Weather versus climate Causes of pre-human climate change Distinguishing natural climate change from anthropogenic climate change Sea level change as evidence for global warming Global warming and extreme weather events Act now or later? Conclusions 3 Where and why are we producing so much CO2 ? The production and use of energy and its impacts on CO2 emissions: an overview The use of fossil fuels Two key sectors: electricity production and transport Conclusions 4 Technology options for decreasing CO2 emissions Solar energy Wind power Hydroelectric power Ocean energy Biomass Geothermal energy Nuclear power Sequestering CO2 through carbon capture and storage (CCS) Conclusion 5 The mitigation mix Population growth and the energy mix Biofuels in the mix Land requirements of different technologies Energy and water Renewable energy in the energy mix Non renewable energy in the energy mix The energy mix in the medium to long term Conclusions 6 Where and how can we capture CO2 ? Directly removing CO2 from the atmosphere Capturing CO2 emitted from various sources CCS and gas production CCS and coal and gas-fired power generation Post combustion capture CCS and gasification CCS and industrial processes emitting CO2 Technologies for separating CO2 from emissions Conclusions 7 How can we transport CO2 ? Key issues in transportation of CO2 via pipelines CO2 transportation by road, rail and sea Reducing transportation costs: CO2 hubs Conclusion 8 Storing CO2 Why geological storage over other forms of storage? Identifying suitable geological CO2 storage sites: sedimentary basins Features of a sedimentary basin that may make it suitable for storage Storage of CO2 in depleted oil and gas fields Storage in deep saline aquifers Storage in coalsStorage in basalts Storage in serpentinites Assessing storage capacity National assessments of storage potential Conclusions 9 How do we know CCS will be effective? The nature of risk assessment Geological risk Existing natural gas storage facilities Natural accumulations of CO2 Kno

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Clean Energy, Climate and Carbon

With the general reader in mind, Clean Energy, Climate and Carbon outlines the global challenge of decreasing greenhouse gas emissions. It covers the changing concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide through time ... Les mer
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