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Innholdsfortegnelse

Paragraphs and Essays with Integrated Readings

Preface xix
Student Overview
1(6)
The Flow of Writing: Icon and Theme
1(1)
Practice with Principles
2(1)
Strategies for Self-Improvement
2(4)
Writing Process Worksheet
6(1)
Part I Linking Reading and Writing
7(22)
Reading for Writing
9(20)
Text-Based and Reading-Related Writing
10(4)
Underlining
10(1)
Annotating
11(1)
Outlining
12(2)
Types of Writing
14(4)
Personal Narrative
14(1)
Analytical and Text-Based Writing
14(1)
Writing a Summary
15(1)
Writing a Reaction
16(1)
Writing a Two-Part Response
17(1)
Kinds of Support for Text-Based Writing
18(1)
Basic Documentation in Text-Based Writing
19(1)
Citations
19(1)
Works Cited
19(1)
Documentation in Action
20(2)
Student Documented Paragraph
20(1)
Student Text-Based Essay: Joseph Ponca, ``Listening to the Air [Guitar]''
21(1)
Essays and Applications
22(3)
``The Struggle to Be an All-American Girl''
22(3)
Elizabeth Wong
Journal Writing
25(1)
Cross-Curricular and Career-Related Writing
26(1)
Writer's Guidelines
26(3)
Part II The Writing Process
29(66)
The Writing Process: Stage One
Exploring / Experimenting / Gathering Information
31(1)
The Writing Process Defined
31(1)
The Writing Process Worksheet
32(1)
The Assignment
32(1)
Your Audience
32(1)
Stage One Strategies
32(7)
Freewriting
33(2)
Brainstorming
35(2)
Clustering
37(2)
Gathering Information
39(1)
Writer's Guidelines
39(1)
The Writing Process: Stage Two
Writing the Controlling Idea / Organizing and Developing Support
40(1)
Defining the Controlling Idea
40(1)
Writing the Controlling Idea as a Topic Sentence or Thesis
41(4)
Organizing Support
45(6)
Listing
45(1)
Clustering
45(1)
Outlining
46(5)
Writer's Guidelines
51(1)
The Writing Process: Stage Three
Writing / Revising / Editing
52(1)
Writing the First Draft
52(2)
Revising
54(8)
Coherence
54(1)
Language
55(3)
Unity
58(1)
Emphasis
58(1)
Support
59(2)
Sentences
61(1)
Editing
62(1)
Student Demonstration of All Stages of the Writing Process
63(6)
Writing Process Worksheet
63(6)
Writer's Guidelines
69(1)
Writing the Paragraph
70(10)
The Paragraph Defined
70(1)
Basic Paragraph Patterns
71(3)
The Writing Process and the Paragraph
74(1)
Student Demonstration of All Stages of the Writing Process
74(5)
Writing Process Worksheet
75(4)
Writer's Guidelines
79(1)
Writing the Essay
80(15)
The Essay Defined in Relation to the Developmental Paragraph
80(2)
Special Paragraphs Within the Essay
82(4)
Introductions
82(2)
Conclusions
84(2)
Student Demonstration of All Stages of the Writing Process
86(8)
Writing Process Worksheet
86(8)
Writer's Guidelines
94(1)
Part III Writing Paragraphs and Essays: Instruction, with Integrated Reading Selections
95(252)
Descriptive Narration: Moving Through Space and Time
97(31)
Writing Descriptive Narration
97(7)
Practicing Narrative Patterns
104(1)
Practicing Descriptive Patterns
105(2)
Finding Patterns in Photos
107(1)
Readings for Critical Thinking, Discussion, and Writing
108(14)
Paragraph
108(1)
``The Mousetrap''
108(2)
Craig Finley
Essays
110(1)
``The Story of a Well-Made Shield''
110(2)
N. Scott Momaday
``No Tears for Frankie''
112(3)
Gina Greenlee
``More''
115(2)
Judith Ortiz Cofer
Student Paragraphs and Essay
117(1)
``Yearning for Love''
117(1)
Chantra Shastri
``The Drag'' [with stages]
118(3)
Mike Kavanagh
Text-Based: Adam Rensky ``Rituals as Comfort Food for the Soul''
121(1)
Suggested Topics and Prompts for Writing Descriptive Narration
122(4)
Text-Based and Reading-Related Writing Topics
122(2)
General Topics
124(1)
Cross-Curricular Topics
125(1)
Career-Related Topics
126(1)
Writer's Guidelines
126(2)
Exemplification: Writing with Examples
128(21)
Writing Exemplification
129(2)
Finding Patterns in Photos
131(1)
Practicing Patterns of Exemplification
132(1)
Readings for Critical Thinking, Discussion, and Writing
132(13)
Paragraph
133(1)
``Dropping Way Out''
133(1)
David Levine
Essays
134(1)
``Love Me, Love My Hogs''
134(1)
Dirk Johnson
``Who's Cheap?''
135(3)
Adair Lara
``Let's Not Fool Ourselves: Pit Bulls Are Dangerous''
138(2)
Kerry Dougherty
Student Paragraph and Essay
140(1)
``Traveling the World at Home''
140(1)
Garabed Yegavian
``Cheating Is Not Worth the Bother'' [with stages]
141(3)
Lara Olivas
Text-Based: Mason Arnold ``Grading a Professor's Writing''
144(1)
Suggested Topics and Prompts for Writing Exemplification
145(3)
Text-Based and Reading-Related Writing Topics
145(2)
General Topics
147(1)
Cross-Curricular Topics
147(1)
Career-Related Topics
147(1)
Writer's Guidelines
148(1)
Analysis by Division: Examining the Parts
149(30)
Writing Analysis by Division
150(3)
Finding Patterns in Photos
153(1)
Practicing Patterns of Analysis by Division
154(1)
Readings for Critical Thinking, Discussion, and Writing
155(19)
Paragraphs
155(1)
``The Family and Its Parts''
155(1)
Ian Robertson
``The Zones of the Sea''
156(1)
Leonard Engel
Essay, Restaurant Review, and Short Story
157(1)
``Low Wages, High Skills''
157(5)
Katherine S. Newman
``Food, Service Hit and Miss at Gianno's''
162(2)
John Batchelor
``The Girls in Their Summer Dresses''
164(5)
Irwin Shaw
Student Paragraph and Essay
169(1)
Text-Based: Ajax Mylonas ``More Than Just a House Call'' [with stages]
169(3)
Tanya, ``Prison as a Community''
172(2)
Suggested Topics and Prompts for Writing Analysis by Division
174(3)
Text-Based and Reading-Related Writing Topics
174(2)
General Topics
176(1)
Cross-Curricular Topics
177(1)
Career-Related Topics
177(1)
Writer's Guidelines
177(2)
Process Analysis: Writing About Doing
179(28)
Writing Process Analysis
180(3)
Finding Patterns in Photos
183(1)
Practicing Patterns of Process Analysis
184(2)
Readings for Critical Thinking, Discussion, and Writing
186(17)
Paragraphs
186(1)
``The Birth of an Island''
186(1)
Rachel Carson
``How to Sharpen a Knife''
187(1)
Florence H. Pettit
Essays
188(1)
``Pursuing and Ramming Vehicles''
188(3)
Thomas F. Adams
``Coworkers from Hell and How to Cope''
191(5)
Erica Monfred
``Flirting Fundamentals''
196(3)
Geraldine Baum
Student Paragraph and Essay
199(1)
Text-Based: Tom Mott ``A Summary of `Etiquette Boot Camp'''
199(1)
``Doing a Flame Hair Tattoo'' [with stages]
200(3)
Tina Sergio
Suggested Topics and Prompts for Writing Process Analysis
203(3)
Text-Based and Reading-Related Writing Topics
203(2)
General Topics
205(1)
Cross-Curricular Topics
205(1)
Career-Related Topics
206(1)
Writer's Guidelines
206(1)
Cause and Effect: Determining Reasons and Outcomes
207(30)
Writing Cause and Effect
208(3)
Finding Patterns in Photos
211(1)
Practicing Patterns of Cause and Effect
212(2)
Readings for Critical Thinking, Discussion, and Writing
214(18)
Paragraphs
214(1)
``What Happens to Steroid Studs?''
214(1)
Anastasia Toufexis
``Family Heroes and Role Models''
215(1)
Marian Wright Edelman
Essays
216(1)
``Romantic Love, Courtship, and Marriage''
216(3)
Ian Robertson
``Why Marriages Fail''
219(3)
Anne Roiphe
``The Ghetto Made Me Do It''
222(4)
Francis Flaherty
Student Paragraph and Essay
226(1)
``More Than the Classroom'' [with stages]
227(2)
Richard Blaylock
Text-Based: Larry Gardner ``My Family Got Low-Balled in a Car Lot''
229(3)
Suggested Topics and Prompts for Writing Cause and Effect
232(3)
Text-Based and Reading-Related Writing Topics
232(2)
General Topics
234(1)
Cross-Curricular Topics
235(1)
Career-Related Topics
235(1)
Writer's Guidelines
235(2)
Classification: Establishing Groups
237(27)
Writing Classification
237(5)
Finding Patterns in Photos
242(1)
Practicing Patterns of Classification
243(1)
Readings for Critical Thinking, Discussion, and Writing
244(16)
Paragraph
245(1)
``Styles of Leadership''
245(1)
William M. Pride
Robert J. Hughes
Jack R. Kapoor
Essays
246(1)
``How Do I Love Thee?''
246(2)
Robert J. Trotter
``The Different Ways of Being Smart''
248(3)
Sara Gilbert
``How to Deal with a Difficult Boss''
251(5)
Donna Brown Hogarty
Student Paragraph and Essay
256(1)
``Doctors Have Their Symptoms, Too'' [with stages]
256(2)
Boris Belinsky
Text-Based: Joel Follette ``Community College Pressures''
258(2)
Suggested Topics and Prompts for Writing Classification
260(3)
Text-Based and Reading-Related Writing Topics
260(2)
General Topics
262(1)
Cross-Curricular Topics
262(1)
Career-Related Topics
262(1)
Writer's Guidelines
263(1)
Comparison and Contrast: Showing Similarities and Differences
264(26)
Writing Comparison and Contrast
265(5)
Finding Patterns in Photos
270(1)
Practicing Patterns of Comparison and Contrast
271(1)
Readings for Critical Thinking, Discussion, and Writing
272(13)
Paragraph
272(1)
``Blue as in Boy, Pink as in Girl''
272(1)
Sharon S. Brehm
Essays
273(1)
``Los Chinos Discover el Barrio''
273(3)
Luis Torres
``Chick Flicks vs. Macho Movies: Can You Tell the Difference?''
276(2)
Kathy Shaskan
``Neat People vs. Sloppy People''
278(2)
Suzanne Britt
Student Paragraph and Essay
280(1)
``Wives and Mothers in Vietnam and in America'' [with stages]
280(3)
Thung Tran
Text-Based: Lydia Hsiao, ``Struggling Against Silence''
283(2)
Suggested Topics and Prompts for Writing Comparison and Contrast
285(3)
Text-Based and Reading-Related Writing Topics
285(2)
General Topics
287(1)
Cross-Curricular Topics
287(1)
Career-Related Topics
287(1)
Writer's Guidelines
288(2)
Definition: Clarifying Terms
290(31)
Writing Definition
291(5)
Finding Patterns in Photos
296(1)
Practicing Patterns of Definition
297(2)
Readings for Critical Thinking, Discussion, and Writing
299(17)
Paragraphs
300(1)
``Georgia on My Mind''
300(1)
Ray Jenkins
``Tornado''
301(1)
Morris Tepper
Essays
302(1)
``Americanization Is Tough on `Macho'''
302(2)
Rose Del Castillo Guilbault
``Whose Values?''
304(3)
Janet Pearson
``Graffiti: Taking a Closer Look''
307(4)
Christopher Grant
Student Paragraph and Essay
311(1)
``Going Too Far'' [with stages]
312(2)
Linda Wong
``My-Graines'' Text-Based: Vincent Sheahan
314(2)
Suggested Topics and Prompts for Writing Definition
316(3)
Text-Based and Reading-Related Writing Topics
316(2)
General Topics
318(1)
Cross-Curricular Topics
318(1)
Career-Related Topics
319(1)
Writer's Guidelines
319(2)
Argument: Writing to Persuade
321(26)
Writing Argument
322(5)
Finding Patterns in Photos
327(1)
Practicing Patterns of Argument
328(1)
Readings for Critical Thinking, Discussion, and Writing
329(13)
Essays
330(1)
``Shouldn't Men Have `Choice' Too?''
330(2)
Meghan Daum
``Rape: A Bigger Danger Than Feminists Know''
332(4)
Camille Paglia
``Abolish Restaurant Tipping''
336(2)
Steven Shaw
Student Paragraph and Essay
338(1)
``My Life to Live---or Not'' [with stages]
339(2)
Angela DeSarro
Text-Based: Eric Horner ``Schools as Political Combat Zones''
341(1)
Suggested Topics and Prompts for Writing Argument
342(3)
Text-Based and Reading-Related Writing Topics
342(2)
General Topics
344(1)
Cross-Curricular Topics
345(1)
Career-Related Topics
345(1)
Writer's Guidelines
345(2)
Part IV Using Sources
347(28)
Writing the Research Paper
349(26)
The Research Paper Defined
349(1)
Ten Steps to Writing a Research Paper
350(24)
Step 1: Select a Topic
350(1)
Step 2: Find Sources
351(2)
Step 3: List Sources
353(7)
Step 4: Take Notes
360(1)
Step 5: Refine Your Thesis and Outline
361(1)
Step 6: Write Your First Draft
362(3)
Step 7: Revise Your First Draft
365(1)
Step 8: Prepare Your Works Cited Section
365(1)
Step 9: Write Your Final Draft
365(1)
Step 10: Submit Required Materials
366(1)
Student Essay: Michael Chung, ``Zoos---An Endangered Species?''
366(8)
Writer's Guidelines
374(1)
Part V Handbook
375(132)
Writing Effective Sentences
377(130)
Parts of Speech
377(10)
Nouns
378(1)
Pronouns
378(1)
Verbs
378(1)
Adjectives
379(1)
Adverbs
380(1)
Prepositions
380(1)
Conjunctions
381(1)
Interjections
382(5)
Subjects and Verbs
387(7)
Subjects
387(2)
Verbs
389(2)
Location of Subjects and Verbs
391(3)
Kinds of Sentences
394(9)
Clauses
394(1)
Types of Sentences
395(8)
Combining Sentences
403(9)
Coordination: The Compound Sentence
403(2)
Subordination: The Complex Sentence
405(2)
Coordination and Subordination: The Compound-Complex Sentence
407(1)
Other Ways to Combine Ideas
408(4)
Omissions
412(1)
Variety in Sentence Types, Order, Length, Beginnings
413(2)
Correcting Fragments, Comma Splices, and Run-Ons
415(10)
Fragments
415(3)
Comma Splices and Run-Ons
418(1)
Techniques for Spotting Problem Sentences
419(6)
Verbs
425(23)
Regular and Irregular Verbs
425(8)
The Twelve Verb Tenses
433(3)
Subject-Verb Agreement
436(5)
Consistency in Tense
441(3)
Active and Passive Voice
444(2)
Strong Verbs
446(1)
Subjunctive Mood
446(2)
Pronouns
448(14)
Pronoun Case
448(5)
Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement
453(6)
Pronoun Reference
459(3)
Adjectives and Adverbs
462(10)
Selecting Adjectives and Adverbs
462(2)
Comparative and Superlative Forms
464(2)
Using Adjectives and Adverbs Correctly
466(3)
Dangling and Misplaced Modifiers
469(3)
Balancing Sentence Parts
472(5)
Basic Principles of Parallelism
472(1)
Signal Words
473(1)
Combination Signal Words
473(4)
Punctuation and Capitalization
477(18)
End Punctuation
477(1)
Commas
478(5)
Semicolons
483(3)
Quotation Marks
486(1)
Punctuation with Quotation Marks
487(1)
Italics
488(1)
Dashes
488(1)
Colons
489(1)
Parentheses
489(1)
Brackets
490(1)
Apostrophes
490(1)
Hyphens
491(1)
Capitalization
491(4)
Spelling
495(5)
Spelling Tips
495(2)
Frequently Misspelled Words
497(1)
Confused Spelling and Confusing Words
498(2)
Your Spell Checker
500(1)
Avoiding Wordy Phrases
500(2)
Be More Concise
500(2)
Brief Guide for ESL Students
502(5)
Using Articles in Relation to Nouns
502(1)
Sentence Patterns
503(1)
Verb Endings
503(1)
Idioms
504(1)
More Suggestions for ESL Writers
504(3)
Author/Title Index 507(2)
Subject Index 509(10)
Correction Chart 519

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