Theatre


































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































Prefacev
Introduction1(6)




What Is the Theatre?

7(18)




The Theatre Building

8(1)




The Company, or Troupe, of Players

9(2)




The Occupation of Theatre

11(14)




Work

11(3)




Art

14(1)




Impersonation

14(2)




Performance

16(2)




Live Performance

18(4)




Scripted and Rehearsed Performance

22(3)




What Is a Play?

25(22)




Classifying Plays

26(7)




Duration

26(1)




Genre

26(7)




Dramaturgy: The Construction of Drama and Dramatic Performance

33(5)




Drama's Components: The Vertical Axis

33(1)




Plot

33(1)




Characters

34(1)




Theme

35(1)




Diction

35(1)




Music

36(1)




Spectacle

36(1)




Conventions

36(2)




Drama's Timeline: The Horizontal Axis

38(6)




Preplay

39(1)




Play

40(3)




Postplay

43(1)




Non-Aristotelian Theatre Events

44(3)




The Playwright

47(28)




We Are All Playwrights

48(1)




Literary and Nonliterary Aspects of Playwrighting

48(2)




Playwrighting as Event Writing

50(1)




The Qualities of a Fine Play

50(10)




Credibility and Intrigue

51(1)




Speakability, Stageability, and Flow

52(2)




Richness

54(1)




Depth of Characterization

55(2)




Gravity and Pertinence

57(1)




Compression, Economy, and Intensity

57(3)




Celebration

60(1)




The Playwright's Process

60(1)




Dialogue

60(1)




Conflict

61(1)




Structure

61(1)




The Playwright's Rewards

61(1)




A Sampling of Current American Playwrights

62(13)




David Mamet

62(2)




Tony Kushner

64(2)




David Henry Hwang

66(1)




Neil LaBute

67(1)




Suzan-Lori Parks

68(7)




The Actor

75(22)




What Is Acting?

76(8)




The Two Notions of Acting

76(5)




Virtuosity

81(2)




Magic

83(1)




Becoming an Actor

84(7)




The Actor's Instrument

84(1)




The Physiological Instrument

84(1)




The Psychological Instrument

85(5)




The Actor's Approach

90(1)




The Actor's Routine

91(4)




Audition

91(1)




Rehearsal

92(1)




Performance

93(2)




The Actor in Life

95(2)




The Director

97(36)




The Arrival of the Director: A Historical Overview

98(7)




Teacher-Directors

98(1)




Realistic Directors

98(1)




Stylizing Directors

99(1)




The Contemporary Director

100(5)




Directorial Functions

105(25)




Vision and Leadership

105(1)




Play Selection

106(1)




Conceptualizing

107(4)




Designer Selection

111(1)




Director-Designer Collaboration

111(11)




Casting

122(1)




Implementation

123(1)




Staging

123(3)




Actor-Coaching

126(1)




Pacing

127(2)




Coordinating

129(1)




Presenting

129(1)




The Training of a Director

130(3)




Designers and Technicians

133(54)




The Design Process

134(2)




What Design Does

136(2)




Scenery

138(17)




Scenic Materials

144(5)




The Scene Designer at Work

149(6)




Lighting

155(6)




Modern Lighting Design

156(1)




The Lighting Designer at Work

157(4)




Costumes

161(13)




The Functions of Costume

161(7)




The Costume Designer at Work

168(6)




Makeup

174(3)




Sound Design

177(1)




Special Effects

178(2)




Digital Technologies in Theatre Design

180(1)




The Technical Production Team

181(6)




Theatre Traditions: East and West

187(30)




The Origins of Theatre

188(18)




Ritual

188(1)




Storytelling

189(1)




Shamanism, Trance, and Magic

190(2)




The Beginnings of Traditional Drama

192(1)




Traditional Drama in Sub-Saharan Africa

192(1)




Egyptian Drama

193(1)




Greek Drama

193(4)




Roman Drama

197(1)




Medieval Drama

198(1)




Renaissance Drama

199(5)




The Royal Theatre

204(2)




The Romantic Theatre

206(1)




Theatre in the East

206(9)




Indian Sanskrit Drama

207(1)




Indian Kathakali

208(1)




Chinese Xiqu

208(3)




Japanese No

211(1)




Japanese Kabuki

212(3)




The Theatrical Tradition Today: East and West

215(2)




The Modern Theatre

217(26)




Realism

218(5)




A Laboratory

218(2)




Pioneers of Realism

220(2)




Naturalism

222(1)




Antirealism

223(20)




The Symbolist Rebellion

223(2)




The Era of Isms

225(2)




Stylized Theatre

227(1)




The French Avant-Garde: Ubu Roi

227(2)




Expressionism: The Hairy Ape

229(2)




Metatheatre: Six Characters in Search of an Author

231(1)




Theatre of Cruelty: Jet of Blood

232(1)




Philosophical Melodrama: No Exit

233(1)




Theatre of the Absurd: Waiting for Godot

234(2)




Theatre of Alienation: The Good Person of Szechuan

236(2)




Comedy of Contemporary Manners: Bedroom Farce

238(2)




Political Satire: Serious Money

240(3)




The Musical Theatre

243(18)




The Role of Music in Theatre History

243(1)




The Development of the Broadway Musical: America's Contribution

244(5)




Musical Comedy: Gershwin, Kern, Darktown Follies, and Rodgers and Hart

246(1)




A Golden Age

247(2)




The Contemporary Musical

249(12)




The Emergence of Choreographer-Directors

249(2)




Stephen Sondheim

251(3)




Black Musicals

254(1)




Foreign Invasions: British, French, Swedish, and Disney

254(2)




Musicals of the Twenty-first Century

256(5)




Theatre Today

261(46)




What's Happening?

261(27)




A Theatre of Postmodern Experiment

264(2)




A Nonlinear Theatre

266(2)




An Open Theatre

268(1)




A Diverse Theatre

269(3)




A Global Theatre---and Macaronic Drama

272(2)




A Theatre of Difference

274(1)




Nontraditional Casting

275(1)




Spectacular Theatre

276(1)




Verbatim Theatre

277(3)




Dangerous Theatre

280(2)




A Theatre of Community

282(1)




Movement Art and Dance-Theatre

283(5)




Solo Performance

288(1)




Three Leaders in Theatre Today

288(6)




Peter Brook

288(3)




Robert Wilson

291(1)




Julie Taymor

292(2)




Theatre Today: Where Can You Find It?

294(10)




New York City

294(1)




Broadway

294(1)




Off-Broadway and Off-Off-Broadway

295(1)




Regional American Theatre: Not for Profit

296(1)




Boston

296(1)




Chicago

296(1)




Los Angeles

297(1)




Minneapolis

297(1)




Seattle

297(1)


Washington, D. Les mer
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Prefacev
Introduction1(6)




What Is the Theatre?

7(18)




The Theatre Building

8(1)




The Company, or Troupe, of Players

9(2)




The Occupation of Theatre

11(14)




Work

11(3)




Art

14(1)




Impersonation

14(2)




Performance

16(2)




Live Performance

18(4)




Scripted and Rehearsed Performance

22(3)




What Is a Play?

25(22)




Classifying Plays

26(7)




Duration

26(1)




Genre

26(7)




Dramaturgy: The Construction of Drama and Dramatic Performance

33(5)




Drama's Components: The Vertical Axis

33(1)




Plot

33(1)




Characters

34(1)




Theme

35(1)




Diction

35(1)




Music

36(1)




Spectacle

36(1)




Conventions

36(2)




Drama's Timeline: The Horizontal Axis

38(6)




Preplay

39(1)




Play

40(3)




Postplay

43(1)




Non-Aristotelian Theatre Events

44(3)




The Playwright

47(28)




We Are All Playwrights

48(1)




Literary and Nonliterary Aspects of Playwrighting

48(2)




Playwrighting as Event Writing

50(1)




The Qualities of a Fine Play

50(10)




Credibility and Intrigue

51(1)




Speakability, Stageability, and Flow

52(2)




Richness

54(1)




Depth of Characterization

55(2)




Gravity and Pertinence

57(1)




Compression, Economy, and Intensity

57(3)




Celebration

60(1)




The Playwright's Process

60(1)




Dialogue

60(1)




Conflict

61(1)




Structure

61(1)




The Playwright's Rewards

61(1)




A Sampling of Current American Playwrights

62(13)




David Mamet

62(2)




Tony Kushner

64(2)




David Henry Hwang

66(1)




Neil LaBute

67(1)




Suzan-Lori Parks

68(7)




The Actor

75(22)




What Is Acting?

76(8)




The Two Notions of Acting

76(5)




Virtuosity

81(2)




Magic

83(1)




Becoming an Actor

84(7)




The Actor's Instrument

84(1)




The Physiological Instrument

84(1)




The Psychological Instrument

85(5)




The Actor's Approach

90(1)




The Actor's Routine

91(4)




Audition

91(1)




Rehearsal

92(1)




Performance

93(2)




The Actor in Life

95(2)




The Director

97(36)




The Arrival of the Director: A Historical Overview

98(7)




Teacher-Directors

98(1)




Realistic Directors

98(1)




Stylizing Directors

99(1)




The Contemporary Director

100(5)




Directorial Functions

105(25)




Vision and Leadership

105(1)




Play Selection

106(1)




Conceptualizing

107(4)




Designer Selection

111(1)




Director-Designer Collaboration

111(11)




Casting

122(1)




Implementation

123(1)




Staging

123(3)




Actor-Coaching

126(1)




Pacing

127(2)




Coordinating

129(1)




Presenting

129(1)




The Training of a Director

130(3)




Designers and Technicians

133(54)




The Design Process

134(2)




What Design Does

136(2)




Scenery

138(17)




Scenic Materials

144(5)




The Scene Designer at Work

149(6)




Lighting

155(6)




Modern Lighting Design

156(1)




The Lighting Designer at Work

157(4)




Costumes

161(13)




The Functions of Costume

161(7)




The Costume Designer at Work

168(6)




Makeup

174(3)




Sound Design

177(1)




Special Effects

178(2)




Digital Technologies in Theatre Design

180(1)




The Technical Production Team

181(6)




Theatre Traditions: East and West

187(30)




The Origins of Theatre

188(18)




Ritual

188(1)




Storytelling

189(1)




Shamanism, Trance, and Magic

190(2)




The Beginnings of Traditional Drama

192(1)




Traditional Drama in Sub-Saharan Africa

192(1)




Egyptian Drama

193(1)




Greek Drama

193(4)




Roman Drama

197(1)




Medieval Drama

198(1)




Renaissance Drama

199(5)




The Royal Theatre

204(2)




The Romantic Theatre

206(1)




Theatre in the East

206(9)




Indian Sanskrit Drama

207(1)




Indian Kathakali

208(1)




Chinese Xiqu

208(3)




Japanese No

211(1)




Japanese Kabuki

212(3)




The Theatrical Tradition Today: East and West

215(2)




The Modern Theatre

217(26)




Realism

218(5)




A Laboratory

218(2)




Pioneers of Realism

220(2)




Naturalism

222(1)




Antirealism

223(20)




The Symbolist Rebellion

223(2)




The Era of Isms

225(2)




Stylized Theatre

227(1)




The French Avant-Garde: Ubu Roi

227(2)




Expressionism: The Hairy Ape

229(2)




Metatheatre: Six Characters in Search of an Author

231(1)




Theatre of Cruelty: Jet of Blood

232(1)




Philosophical Melodrama: No Exit

233(1)




Theatre of the Absurd: Waiting for Godot

234(2)




Theatre of Alienation: The Good Person of Szechuan

236(2)




Comedy of Contemporary Manners: Bedroom Farce

238(2)




Political Satire: Serious Money

240(3)




The Musical Theatre

243(18)




The Role of Music in Theatre History

243(1)




The Development of the Broadway Musical: America's Contribution

244(5)




Musical Comedy: Gershwin, Kern, Darktown Follies, and Rodgers and Hart

246(1)




A Golden Age

247(2)




The Contemporary Musical

249(12)




The Emergence of Choreographer-Directors

249(2)




Stephen Sondheim

251(3)




Black Musicals

254(1)




Foreign Invasions: British, French, Swedish, and Disney

254(2)




Musicals of the Twenty-first Century

256(5)




Theatre Today

261(46)




What's Happening?

261(27)




A Theatre of Postmodern Experiment

264(2)




A Nonlinear Theatre

266(2)




An Open Theatre

268(1)




A Diverse Theatre

269(3)




A Global Theatre---and Macaronic Drama

272(2)




A Theatre of Difference

274(1)




Nontraditional Casting

275(1)




Spectacular Theatre

276(1)




Verbatim Theatre

277(3)




Dangerous Theatre

280(2)




A Theatre of Community

282(1)




Movement Art and Dance-Theatre

283(5)




Solo Performance

288(1)




Three Leaders in Theatre Today

288(6)




Peter Brook

288(3)




Robert Wilson

291(1)




Julie Taymor

292(2)




Theatre Today: Where Can You Find It?

294(10)




New York City

294(1)




Broadway

294(1)




Off-Broadway and Off-Off-Broadway

295(1)




Regional American Theatre: Not for Profit

296(1)




Boston

296(1)




Chicago

296(1)




Los Angeles

297(1)




Minneapolis

297(1)




Seattle

297(1)




Washington, D.C.

298(1)




Shakespeare Festivals

298(1)




Summer and Dinner Theatres

299(1)




Amateur Theatre: Academic and Community

299(1)




International Theatre

300(4)




Conclusions about Theatre Today?

304(3)




The Critic

307




Critical Perspectives

308(5)




Social Significance

309(1)




Human Significance

310(1)




Artistic Quality

310(1)




Relationship to the Theatre Itself

311(1)




Entertainment Value

312(1)




Critical Focus

313(3)




Professional Criticism

313(3)




Student Criticism

316(1)




We Are the Critics

316
Glossary1(1)
Selected Bibliography1(1)
Credits1(1)
Index1

Fakta