Urban Deer Havens

; Cassandra LaFleur Villarreal

Urban Deer Havens consists of a thorough examination of selected cervid (deer) species that are known to inhabit urban communities in the United States. The deer species that are included in this presentation consisted of white-tailed (Odocoileus virginianus), Key deer (O. Les mer
Vår pris
1941,-

(Innbundet) Fri frakt!
Leveringstid: Sendes innen 21 dager
På grunn av Brexit-tilpasninger og tiltak for å begrense covid-19 kan det dessverre oppstå forsinket levering.

Vår pris: 1941,-

(Innbundet) Fri frakt!
Leveringstid: Sendes innen 21 dager
På grunn av Brexit-tilpasninger og tiltak for å begrense covid-19 kan det dessverre oppstå forsinket levering.

Om boka

Urban Deer Havens consists of a thorough examination of selected cervid (deer) species that are known to inhabit urban communities in the United States. The deer species that are included in this presentation consisted of white-tailed (Odocoileus virginianus), Key deer (O. v. clavium), moose (Alces alces), elk (Cervus elaphus), mule (Odocoileus hemionus), and black-tailed deer (O. h. columbianus). This book is the first attempt to examine the similarities and differences in those factors that allow the selected cervids to exist and thrive in urban habitats. This information has never been collected, collated, reviewed, and published under one cover document. Yet, all five are known to inhabit urban communities within their geographic range.





The lack of information concerning several important examples of urban cervids in conjunction with a proliferation of information on white-tailed deer only is an incomplete and biased presentation. This book is the first comprehensive source of information on urban deer management, which includes a broad assemblage of urban cervids.





The overall objective of this book is to provide a more holistic examination of urban cervids. For example, it examines the similarities and differences of the environmental impacts, management strategies, and human dimensions considerations concerning urban cervids in general, and using specific examples.





Urban Deer Havens features four chapters that include:








Urban deer census techniques and population dynamics







Comprehensive tables that review urban community deer management plans







National and state-wide estimates the five selected cervids







Laws and regulations concerning urban deer







Lethal and nonlethal management options for managing deer







Steps for managing urban deer populations







Examples of urban deer management efforts














Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

1 Urban Deer Introduction





Deer Are a Mixed Blessing


Terminology


Bureau of Census Definition of Urban


Ecological Definition of Urban


Definition of Deer


Deer Characteristics that Identify Them as Mammals


Deer Characteristics that Identify Them as Cervids


Deer Characteristics that Identify Them as Different Species or Subspecies


Contemporary Relevance of a Text on Urban Deer


Urbanization = Collision of An Invasive Hyperkeystone Species With a Keystone


Humans (Homo sapiens) are the Invasive Species


Humans as a Hyperkeystone Species


Deer as a Keystone Species


Reviews of published literature





2 Urban Neighborhoods Guarantee Deer Occupation





Factors That Contributed To Deer Abundance in Urban America


Counting Deer


Census Techniques


The Census Process


Direct Count


Application of direct count as a population estimate procedure


Application of Trap/Mark/ Release as a population estimate procedure


Application of distance sampling as a population estimate procedure.


Harvest Recommendations Based on Census Data


Deer Population Estimates: Money Not Well Spent


National and state-wide estimates of deer numbers


3 Overabundant Urban Deer





Deer Management in Urban Areas When Compared to Rural Areas


The Scope of the Problem


Population Dynamics


How Populations Grow


Population Growth Rate Patterns


History of deer abundance


Factors leading to deer overabundance


Biological Carrying Capacity


Problems associated with deer overabundance


Deer-vehicle collisions


Disease transmission


Ecological Impact of Urban Deer Overabundance


Laws and Regulations Concerning Urban Deer


Who's in charge of managing urban deer?


Who's in charge of regulating urban deer?


Management options in Texas


Hunting


The Tale of Two Cities


Background


Need for Educational Program Development





4 Urban Deer Management Planning: Process, Progress, and Problems





Steps for Managing Urban Deer Populations


Suburban White-tailed deer Management


Driving factors


State Urban Deer Management Plan