This study details how the development and maturation of New Negro politics and thought were shaped not only by New Yorkbased
intellectuals and revolutionary transformations in Europe, but also by people, ideas, and organizations rooted in the South.
Claudrena N. Harold probes into critical events and developments below the Mason-Dixon Line, sharpening our understanding
of how many black activistsalong with particular segments of the white American Leftarrived at their views on the politics
of race, nationhood, and the capitalist political economy.Focusing on Garveyites, A. Philip Randolph's militant unionists,
and black anti-imperialist protest groups, among others, Harold argues that the South was a largely overlooked incubator of
black protest activity between World War I and the Great Depression. The activity she uncovers had implications beyond the
region and adds complexity to a historical moment in which black southerners provided exciting organizational models of grassroots
labor activism, assisted in the revitalization of black nationalist politics, engaged in robust intellectual arguments on
the future of the South, and challenged the governance of historically black colleges.To uplift the race and by extension
transform the world, New Negro southerners risked social isolation, ridicule, and even death. Their stories are reminders
that black southerners played a crucial role not only in African Americans' revolutionary quest for political empowerment,
ontological clarity, and existential freedom but also in the global struggle to bring forth a more just and democratic world
free from racial subjugation, dehumanizing labor practices, and colonial oppression.