This book offers an introduction to the booming field of high-power laser-matter interaction. It covers the heating of matter
to super-high temperatures and pressures, novel schemes of fast particle acceleration, matter far from thermal equilibrium,
stimulated radiation scattering, relativistic optics, strong field QED, as well as relevant applications, such as extreme
states of matter, controlled fusion, and novel radiation sources. All models and methods considered are introduced as they
arise and illustrated by relevant examples. Each chapter contains a selection of problems to test the reader's understanding,
to apply the models under discussion to relevant situations and to discover their limits of validity. The carefully chosen
illustrations greatly facilitate the visualization of physical processes as well as presenting detailed numerical results.
A list of useful formulas and tables are provided as a guide to quantifying results from experiments and numerical simulations.
Each chapter ends with a description of the state of the art and the current research frontiers.