Optical Engineering Science

A practical guide for engineers and students that covers a wide range of optical design and optical metrology topics


Optical Engineering Science offers a comprehensive and authoritative review of the science of optical engineering. Les mer
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(Innbundet) Fri frakt!
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Om boka

A practical guide for engineers and students that covers a wide range of optical design and optical metrology topics


Optical Engineering Science offers a comprehensive and authoritative review of the science of optical engineering. The book bridges the gap between the basic theoretical principles of classical optics and the practical application of optics in the commercial world. Written by a noted expert in the field, the book examines a range of practical topics that are related to optical design, optical metrology and manufacturing. The book fills a void in the literature by coving all three topics in a single volume.


Optical engineering science is at the foundation of the design of commercial optical systems, such as mobile phone cameras and digital cameras as well as highly sophisticated instruments for commercial and research applications. It spans the design, manufacture and testing of space or aerospace instrumentation to the optical sensor technology for environmental monitoring. Optics engineering science has a wide variety of applications, both commercial and research. This important book:





Offers a comprehensive review of the topic of optical engineering

Covers topics such as optical fibers, waveguides, aspheric surfaces, Zernike polynomials, polarisation, birefringence and more

Targets engineering professionals and students

Filled with illustrative examples and mathematical equations



Written for professional practitioners, optical engineers, optical designers, optical systems engineers and students, Optical Engineering Science offers an authoritative guide that covers the broad range of optical design and optical metrology topics and their applications.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

Preface xxi


Glossary xxv


About the Companion Website xxix


1 Geometrical Optics 1


1.1 Geometrical Optics - Ray and Wave Optics 1


1.2 Fermat's Principle and the Eikonal Equation 2


1.3 Sequential Geometrical Optics - A Generalised Description 3


1.4 Behaviour of Simple Optical Components and Surfaces 10


1.5 Paraxial Approximation and Gaussian Optics 15


1.6 Matrix Ray Tracing 16


Further Reading 21


2 Apertures Stops and Simple Instruments 23


2.1 Function of Apertures and Stops 23


2.2 Aperture Stops, Chief, and Marginal Rays 23


2.3 Entrance Pupil and Exit Pupil 25


2.4 Telecentricity 27


2.5 Vignetting 27


2.6 Field Stops and Other Stops 28


2.7 Tangential and Sagittal Ray Fans 28


2.8 Two Dimensional Ray Fans and Anamorphic Optics 28


2.9 Optical Invariant and Lagrange Invariant 30


2.10 Eccentricity Variable 31


2.11 Image Formation in Simple Optical Systems 31


Further Reading 36


3 Monochromatic Aberrations 37


3.1 Introduction 37


3.2 Breakdown of the Paraxial Approximation and Third Order Aberrations 37


3.3 Aberration and Optical Path Difference 41


3.4 General Third Order Aberration Theory 46


3.5 Gauss-Seidel Aberrations 47


3.6 Summary of Third Order Aberrations 55


Further Reading 58


4 Aberration Theory and Chromatic Aberration 59


4.1 General Points 59


4.2 Aberration Due to a Single Refractive Surface 60


4.3 Reflection from a Spherical Mirror 64


4.4 Refraction Due to Optical Components 67


4.5 The Effect of Pupil Position on Element Aberration 78


4.6 Abbe Sine Condition 81


4.7 Chromatic Aberration 83


4.8 Hierarchy of Aberrations 92


Further Reading 94


5 Aspheric Surfaces and Zernike Polynomials 95


5.1 Introduction 95


5.2 Aspheric Surfaces 95


5.3 Zernike Polynomials 100


Further Reading 109


6 Diffraction, Physical Optics, and Image Quality 111


6.1 Introduction 111


6.2 The Eikonal Equation 112


6.3 Huygens Wavelets and the Diffraction Formulae 112


6.4 Diffraction in the Fraunhofer Approximation 115


6.5 Diffraction in an Optical System - the Airy Disc 116


6.6 The Impact of Aberration on System Resolution 120


6.7 Laser Beam Propagation 123


6.8 Fresnel Diffraction 130


6.9 Diffraction and Image Quality 132


Further Reading 138


7 Radiometry an