Oxford Handbook of the Aztecs

Deborah L. Nichols (Redaktør) ; Enrique Rodríguez-Alegría (Redaktør)

«This comprehensive treatment, and the substantive nature of the 49 contributions, will stand the test of time, particularly in that it spans seven pivotal themes, including archaeology, historical change, landscapes, economic and social relations, provinces, ritual, belief, religion, and the Aztecs after the Conquest. The impressive range and depth of topics addressed is without parallel in Aztec studies, and clearly speaks to how far this critical area of inquiry has advanced in recent years. ... Summing Up: Essential. All academic levels/libraries.»

R. G. Mendoza, CHOICE
The Oxford Handbook of the Aztecs, the first of its kind, provides a current overview of recent research on the Aztec empire, the best documented prehispanic society in the Americas. Chapters span from the establishment of Aztec city-states to the encounter with the Spanish empire and the Colonial period that shaped the modern world. Les mer
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Om boka

The Oxford Handbook of the Aztecs, the first of its kind, provides a current overview of recent research on the Aztec empire, the best documented prehispanic society in the Americas. Chapters span from the establishment of Aztec city-states to the encounter with the Spanish empire and the Colonial period that shaped the modern world. Articles in the Handbook take up new research trends and methodologies and current debates. The Handbook articles are divided
into seven parts. Part I, Archaeology of the Aztecs, introduces the Aztecs, as well as Aztec studies today, including the recent practice of archaeology, ethnohistory, museum studies, and conservation. The articles in Part II, Historical Change, provide a long-term view of the Aztecs starting with important
predecessors, the development of Aztec city-states and imperialism, and ending with a discussion of the encounter of the Aztec and Spanish empires. Articles also discuss Aztec notions of history, writing, and time. Part III, Landscapes and Places, describes the Aztec world in terms of its geography, ecology, and demography at varying scales from households to cities. Part IV,
Economic and Social Relations in the Aztec Empire, discusses the ethnic complexity of the Aztec world and social and economic relations that have been a major focus of archaeology. Articles in Part V, Aztec Provinces, Friends, and Foes, focuses on the Aztec's dynamic relations with distant provinces, and empires and groups that resisted conquest, and even allied with the Spanish to overthrow the Aztec king. This is followed by Part VI, Ritual, Belief, and Religion, which examines the different
beliefs and rituals that formed Aztec religion and their worldview, as well as the material culture of religious practice. The final section of the volume, Aztecs after the Conquest, carries the Aztecs through the post-conquest period, an increasingly important area of archaeological work, and
considers the place of the Aztecs in the modern world.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

Part I. Archaeology of the Aztecs
Introduction Aztec Studies: Trends and Themes
Deborah L. Nichols and Enrique Rodríguez-Alegría
Chapter 1 Ancient Stone Sculptures: In Search of the Mexica Past
Eduardo Matos Moctezuma
Chapter 2 The Historical Sources: Codices and Chronicles
Juan José Batalla
Chapter 3 Museums and the Conservation of Mexica Cultural Heritage
María de Lourdes Gallardo Parrodi

Part II. Historical Change
Chapter 4 Comments on Cultural Continuities Between Tula and the Mexica.
Luis M Gamboa Cabezas and Robert H. Cobean
Chapter 5 Aztec Settlement History
Larry Gorenflo and Christopher P. Garraty
Chapter 6 The Creation, Rise, and Decline of Mexica Power
Enrique Florescano
Chapter 7 The Measure, Meaning and Transformation of Aztec Time and Calendars
Anthony F. Aveni
Chapter 8 Aztec Pictography and Painted Histories
Elizabeth Hill Boone
Chapter 9 The Languages of the Aztec Empire
Jane Hill
Chapter 10 Aztec State Making, Politics, and Empires: The Triple Alliance
Lane F. Fargher, Richard E. Blanton, and Verenice Heredia Espinoza
Chapter 11 Nahua Thought and the Conquest
Michel R. Oudijk and Maria Castañeda de la Paz

Part III. Landscapes and Places
Chapter 12 Aztec Agricultural Production in a Historical Ecological Perspective
Emily McClung de Tapia and Diana Martínez Yrizar
Chapter 13 Population History in Pre-Columbian and Colonial Times
Lourdes Márquez Morfín and Rebecca Storey
Chapter 14 Aztec Urbanism: Cities and Towns
Michael E. Smith
Chapter 15 Tenochtitlan
José Luis de Rojas
Chapter 16 Palaces and Gardens, Intertwined Evolution
Susan Toby Evans
Chapter 17 Households in the Aztec Empire
Kristin De Lucia

Part IV. Economic and Social Relations in the Aztec Empire
Chapter 18 Aztec Agricultural Strategies: Intensification, Landesque Capital, and the Socio-politics of Production
Christopher Morehart
Chapter 19 The Structure of Aztec Commerce: Markets and Merchants
Kenneth Hirth and Deborah L. Nichols
Aztec Manufacturing:
Chapter 20 Aztec Use of Lake Resources in the Basin of Mexico
John K. Milhauser
Chapter 21 Aztec Metallurgy
Dorothy Hosler
Chapter 22 Aztec Obsidian Industries
David M. Carballo and Alejandro Pastrana
Chapter 23 Aztec Lapidaries
Cynthia Otis Charlton and Alejandro Pastrana
Chapter 24 Pottery and the Potter's Craft in the Aztec Heartland
Leah D. Minc
Chapter 25 Pregnant in the Dancing Place: Myths and Methods of Textile Production and Use
Geoffrey McCafferty and Sharisse McCafferty
Social Relations
Chapter 26 Gender and Aztec Lifecycles
Caroline Dodds Pennock
Chapter 27 The Human Body in the Mexica Worldview
Alfredo López Austin
Chapter 28 Nahua Ethnicity
James M. Taggert
Chapter 29 Inequality and Social Class in Aztec Society
Michael E. Smith and Frederic Hicks

Part V. Aztec Provinces, Friends, and Foes
Chapter 30 Structure of the Aztec Empire
Frances F. Berdan
Chapter 31 Mexica War: New Research Perspectives
Marco A. Cervera Obregón
Chapter 32 Aztec Provinces of the Central Highlands
Maëlle Sergheraert
Chapter 33 Aztec Provinces of the Southern Highlands
Gerardo Gutiérrez
Chapter 34 Aztec Provinces of the Gulf Lowlands
Marcie L. Venter
Chapter 35 Tututepec: A Mixtec Imperial Capital in Southern Oaxaca
Marc N. Levine
Chapter 36 Cholula in Aztec Times
Patricia Plunket and Gabriella Uruñuela
Chapter 37 The Independent Republic of Tlaxcallan
Lane F. Fargher, Richard E. Blanton, and Verenice Y. Heredia Espinoza
Chapter 38 The Tarascan (Purépecha) Empire
Anna S. Cohen and Christopher Fisher
Chapter 39 Aztec Empire in Comparative Perspective
R. Alan Covey and Amanda Aland

Part VI. Ritual, Belief, and Religion
Chapter 40 Humans and Gods in the Mexica Universe
Guilhem Olivier
Chapter 41 Aztec Art, Time, and Cosmovisión
William Barnes
Chapter 42 The Aztec Ritual Landscape
Leon Garcia Garagarza
Chapter 43 State Ritual and Religion in the Sacred Precinct of Tenochtitlan
Alfredo López Austin and Leonardo López Luján
Chapter 44 Aztec Domestic Ritual
Lisa Overholtzer

Part VII. Aztecs After the Conquest
Chapter 45 Postconquest Rural Aztec Archaeology
Patricia Fournier G. and Cynthia L. Otis Charlton
Chapter 46 Postconquest Urban Aztec Archaeology
Enrique Rodríguez-Alegría
Chapter 47 The Aztecs and the Catholic Church
Louise M. Burkhart
Chapter 48 Aztec Art After the Conquest in Mexico and in Museums Abroad
Ray Hernández Durán
Chapter 49 The Aztecs and Their Descendants in the Contemporary World
Alan R. Sandstrom

Om forfatteren

Deborah L. Nichols is the William J. Bryant 1925 Professor of Anthropology at Dartmouth College and Chair of the Latin American, Latino, and Caribbean Studies Programs. She has written nearly 100 articles and co-edited five books and directed numerous archaeological projects in Mexico. She is currently co-director with Wesley Stoner of the Altica research project, sponsored by the National Science Foundation, and National Geographic Society.

Enrique Rodriguez-Alegria is Associate Professor in Anthropology at the University of Texas at Austin. He is the author of The Archaeology and History of Colonial Mexico (Cambridge, 2016), and co-editor of The Menial Art of Cooking (with Sarah Graff, Colorado, 2012). He is currently co-director with Kristin De Lucia of a research project on communal ritual space in Xaltocan, Mexico, sponsored by the National Science Foundation.