Morphogenesis, Environmental Stress and Reverse Evolution

Jean Guex (Redaktør) ; John S. Torday (Redaktør) ; William B. Miller Jr. (Redaktør)

It is widely acknowledged that life has adapted to its environment, but the precise mechanism remains unknown since Natural Selection, Descent with Modification and Survival of the Fittest are metaphors that cannot be scientifically tested. Les mer
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Om boka

It is widely acknowledged that life has adapted to its environment, but the precise mechanism remains unknown since Natural Selection, Descent with Modification and Survival of the Fittest are metaphors that cannot be scientifically tested. In this unique text, invertebrate and vertebrate biologists illuminate the effects of physiologic stress on epigenetic responses in the process of evolutionary adaptation from unicellular organisms to invertebrates and vertebrates, respectively. This book offers a novel perspective on the mechanisms underlying evolution.

Capacities for morphologic alterations and epigenetic adaptations subject to environmental stresses are demonstrated in both unicellular and multicellular organisms. Furthermore, the underlying cellular-molecular mechanisms that mediate stress for adaptation will be elucidated wherever possible. These include examples of 'reverse evolution' by Professor Guex for Ammonites and for mammals by Professor Torday and Dr. Miller. This provides empiric evidence that the conventional way of thinking about evolution as unidirectional is incorrect, leaving open the possibility that it is determined by cell-cell interactions, not sexual selection and reproductive strategy. Rather, the process of evolution can be productively traced through the conservation of an identifiable set of First Principles of Physiology that began with the unicellular form and have been consistently maintained, as reflected by the return to the unicellular state over the course of the life cycle.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

1. Introduction2. The controversial Cope's, Haeckel's and Dollo's rules 3. Impact of the environmental stress on the Late Permian pollen grains from Zechstein deposits of Poland 4. Stress-related evolution in Triassic conodonts and the Middle Norian juvenile mortality 5. Morphogenesis, reverse evolution and environmental stress: The Case of early Triassic Conodonts 6. Developmental plasticity induced by either external or internal environment co-opts ancient regulatory networks7. Extreme Morphological Plasticity within Orbulina-"Praeorbulina-Like" assemblages related to environmental Stress 8. Steps of morphogenesis and iterative evolution of Imperforate Larger Foraminifera in shallow carbonate shelves during Mesozoic times - possible relations to symbiotic and abiotic factors 9. Morphological deformation of foraminiferal tests caused by intertidal oil spills (black tides) 10. Environmental Control on Biotic Development in Siberia (Verkhoyansk Region) and Neighboring Areas During Permian-Triassic Large Igneous Province Activity 11. Stress, Development, and Evolution in Coral Reef Communities.12. Fossil benthic foraminifera morphologic adaptation (kleptoplastidy) within low oxygen bottom water environments, coupled with geochemical insights from the Upper Cretaceous in the Levant Basin13. Evolution as a Timeless Continuum14. Chronic Disease as Reverse Evolution

Om forfatteren

Professor Guex has published Retrograde Evolution During Major Extinction Crises (Springer, 2016), which forms the basis for the invertebrate examples used in this book.
John S. Torday, PhD, is a Professor on the Faculty of the Evolutionary Medicine Program at UCLA. He received his Bachelor of Arts degree from Boston University (1968), a Master of Science degree from McGill University (1971), a Doctor of Philosophy degree from McGill University (1974), and did post-doctoral training in Reproductive Medicine at the University of Wisconsin-Madison (1974-76). He was previously on the Faculties of Harvard Medical School (1976-91) and the University of Maryland Medical School (1991-98). He has authored more than 100 peer-reviewed articles and 5 monographs on the subject of cellular-molecular evolution.
William B. Miller Jr. MD. attended the Honors Program in Medicine at Northwestern University, graduating with a B.S. In Medicine (1973) and a Doctor of Medicine (1975). He is a member of the medical honors society, Alpha Omega Alpha. Dr. Miller was a practicing physician for 35 years. During that period, he publishing a number of academic medical articles. A series of observations about the patterns of infectious disease made based on active medical practice spurred an interest in genetics, evolutionary biology and the microbiome and ultimately led to the publication of The Microcosm Within: Evolution and Extinction in the Hologenome (2013). More than two dozen peer-reviewed academic articles on evolution and the microbiome and several more books on those topics as co-author and co-editor have followed.