The main criteria for assessing the load-bearing behaviour and risk potential of monolithic glass are its fragmentation and
the morphology of the fragments. These depend strongly non-linearly on the strain energy density present in the glass at the
time of fracture, which can be converted into fracture energy. Thus, the design and optimization of structural glazing in
engineering requires both knowledge of the relevant parameters and mechanisms during the fracture process in glass and an
understanding of the characteristics of the fracture structure. Based on fracture mechanics considerations and comprehensive
experimental investigations, various aspects and physical quantities of fracture behaviour as well as characteristics and
parameters of fracture pattern morphology of fragmented, tempered soda-lime glass were studied and correlated with the stored
strain energy. The relationship between fragmentation behavior and strain energy was elaborated using the energy criterion
in Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics (LEFM) related to the initial strain energy before fragmentation and in the post-fracture
state. Furthermore, a machine learning inspired approach for the prediction of 2D macro-scale fragmentation of tempered glass
was developed and elaborated based on fracture mechanics considerations and statistical analysis of the fracture pattern morphology.
A method was deduced and applied in which the fracture pattern of tempered glass is predicted and simulated by Voronoi tessellation
of point patterns based on Bayesian spatial point statistics fed with energy conditions in LEFM.