Understanding and Reducing Prison Violence

An Integrated Social Control-Opportunity Perspective

; John Wooldredge

Understanding and Reducing Prison Violence considers both the individual and prison characteristics associated with violence perpetration and violent victimization among both prison inmates and staff.


Prison violence is not a random process; rates of violence vary across prisons and the odds of perpetrating violence or experiencing violent victimization vary across inmates and staff. Les mer
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Understanding and Reducing Prison Violence considers both the individual and prison characteristics associated with violence perpetration and violent victimization among both prison inmates and staff.


Prison violence is not a random process; rates of violence vary across prisons and the odds of perpetrating violence or experiencing violent victimization vary across inmates and staff. A comprehensive understanding of the causes of prison violence therefore requires consideration of both individual and prison characteristics.


Building on large dataset comprising 5,500 inmates and 1,800 officers across 45 prisons located across two of the United States (Ohio and Kentucky), this book showcases one of the largest and most comprehensive studies of prisons carried out to date. It considers both the implications of the study for theories of prison violence and the implications of the study for preventing violence in prisons. It will be of interest to academics, practitioners, and policy makers alike.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse


Chapter 1. Introduction





Explaining Prison Violence


A Multi-level Social Control-Opportunity Perspective


Project Background


Overview of Chapters


References


Notes





Chapter 2. Prison Violence: Explanations and Evidence





Violent Offending and Victimization Among Inmates


Deprivation theory


Importation theory


Management theories


Integrated models


General theories of crime and victimization


Violent Victimization of Prison Officers


Summary


References





Chapter 3. A Multilevel Social Control-Opportunity Framework for Understanding Prison Violence





Inmate Violence


Inmate-level contributors to violent offending


Prison-level contributors to violent offending


Managerial contributors to violent offending


Inmate Victimization


Inmate-level contributors to violent victimization


Prison-level contributors to violent victimization


Officer Victimization


Officer-level contributors to violent victimization


Prison-level contributors to officer victimization


Summary


References





Chapter 4. Study Attributes





Samples


Facility samples


Cross-sectional inmate samples


Longitudinal inmate samples


Correctional officer samples


Data Sources


Inmate surveys


Officer surveys


Warden survey and observation instrument


Measures


Full sample of Ohio and Kentucky inmates


Sub-sample of Ohio inmates confronted by prison staff for rule violations


Sample of Ohio and Kentucky correctional officers


Sample of Ohio and Kentucky prisons


Statistical Analysis


Summary


Notes


References








Chapter 5. Identifying the Most Relevant Effects on Violent Offending and Victimization in Ohio and Kentucky Prisons





Inmate Offending


Full sample


Ohio sample


Reduced sample


Inmate Victimization: Full Sample


Violence at Work: Correctional Officer Sample


Summary





Chapter 6. Implications for a Multilevel Social Control-Opportunity Theory of In-Prison Violence





A Theoretical Understanding of Violent Offending and Victimization in Prison


Inmate violence


Inmate victimization by violence


Officer victimization and safety


A Theoretically Informed Approach to Reducing In-Prison Violence


Summary


Notes


References








Chapter 7. Informing Strategies for Preventing Prison Violence





Facilities and Structure


Custodial Workforce and Resources


Adequately educated, well-trained, and experienced officers


Properly equipped staff


Regular communication among officers


Strong leadership with clear communication of officers' roles


Proper supervision and support of officers


Effective use of officers


Healthy officer culture


Encourage officers to develop constructive relationships with inmates


Diverse officer workforce


Professional work environment


Regular searches of inmates and cells


Staff exposure in housing units and living areas


Maintain staff perceptions of a safe environment


Programs and Services


Programs to addres

Om forfatteren