Legal Fictions in Theory and Practice

Maksymilian Del Mar (Redaktør) ; William Twining (Redaktør)

Serie: Law and Philosophy Library 110

This multi-disciplinary, multi-jurisdictional collection offers the first ever full-scale analysis of legal fictions. Its focus is on fictions in legal practice, examining and evaluating their roles in a variety of different areas of practice (e. Les mer
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This multi-disciplinary, multi-jurisdictional collection offers the first ever full-scale analysis of legal fictions. Its focus is on fictions in legal practice, examining and evaluating their roles in a variety of different areas of practice (e.g. in Tort Law, Criminal Law and Intellectual Property Law) and in different times and places (e.g. in Roman Law, Rabbinic Law and the Common Law). The collection approaches the topic in part through the discussion of certain key classical statements by theorists including Jeremy Bentham, Alf Ross, Hans Vaihinger, Hans Kelsen and Lon Fuller. The collection opens with the first-ever translation into English of Kelsen's review of Vaihinger's As If. The 17 chapters are divided into four parts: 1) a discussion of the principal theories of fictions, as above, with a focus on Kelsen, Bentham, Fuller and classical pragmatism; 2) a discussion of the relationship between fictions and language; 3) a theoretical and historical examination and evaluation of fictions in the common law; and 4) an account of fictions in different practice areas and in different legal cultures. The collection will be of interest to theorists and historians of legal reasoning, as well as scholars and practitioners of the law more generally, in both common and civil law traditions.

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Innholdsfortegnelse

Preface; William Twining.- Introducing Fictions: Examples, Functions, Definitions and Evaluations; Maksymilian Del Mar.- I. Theories of Fiction, Fictions of Theory.- 1. On the Theory of Juridic Fictions. With special consideration of Vaihinger's Philosophy of the As-If; Hans Kelsen, translated by Christoph Kletzer.- 2. Kelsen on Vaihinger; Christoph Kletzer.- 3. Is Law a Fiction?; Geoffrey Samuel.- 4. Fuller on Legal Fictions: A Benthamic Perspective; Michael Quinn.- 5. The Pragmatic Value of Legal Fictions; Douglas Lind.- II. Community, Language and Literature.- 6. Legal Fictions Revisited; Frederick Schauer.- 7. Legal Fictions and the Limits of Legal Language; Karen Petroski.- 8. Legal Fictions and Exclusionary Rules; Simon Stern.- 9. Law's Fiction, Legal Fiction and Copyright Law; Burkhard Schafer and Jane Cornwell.- III. Change and the Common Law.- 10. Legal Fictions before the Age of Reform; Michael Lobban.- 11. Legal Fictions and Legal Change in the Common Law Tradition; Maksymilian Del Mar.- 12. Fictions in Tort; James Lee.- 13. Ejectment: Three Births and a Funeral; Peter Sparkes.- IV. Fictions in Practice: Past, Present and Future.- 14. Fact, Fiction, and Social Reality in Roman Law; Clifford Ando.- 15. Rabbinic Legal Fictions; Leib Moscovitz.- 16. Presumptions and Fictions: A Collingwoodian Approach; Raymundo Gama.- 17. Some Uses of Fictions in Criminal Law; Peter Alldridge.- 18. Fictitious Fraud: Economics and the Presumption of Reliance; Randy D. Gordon.- Index.