From Metaphysics to Rhetoric
by the question in its being an answer, if
only in a circumstantial (i. e. inessential) manner. One indeed must question oneself in order to remember, says Plato, but
the dialectic, which would be scientific, must be something else even if it remains a play of question and answer. This contradiction
did not escape Aristotle: he split the scientific from the dialectic and logic from argumentation whose respective theories
he was led to conceive in order to clearly define their boundaries and specificities. As for Plato, he found in the famous
theory of Ideas what he sought in order to justify knowledge as that which is supposed to hold its truth only from itself.
What do Ideas mean within the framework of our approach? In what consists the passage from rhetoric to ontology which leads
to the denaturation of argumentation? When Socrates asked, for example, "What is virtue?", he thought one could not answer
such a question because the answer refers to a single proposition, a single truth, whereas the formulation of the question
itself does not indicate this unicity. For any answer, another can be given and thus continuously, if necessary, until eventually
one will come across an incompatibility. Now, to a question as to what X, Y, or Z is, one can answer in many ways and nothing
in the question itself prohibits multiplicity. Virtue is courage, is justice, and so on.
Foreword - The Modernity of
Rhetoric.- Formal Logic and Informal Logic.- Logic and Argumentation.- To Reason While Speaking.- Organization and Articulation
of Verbal Exchanges: Question-Response Exchange in Polemical Contexts.- Argumentativity and Informativity.- Saying and Knowing.-
Dialectic, Rhetoric and Critique in Aristotle.- Toward an Anthropology of Rhetoric.- Rhetoric-Poetics-Hermeneutics.- Rhetoric
and Literature.- The Figure and the Argument.- Rhetoric and Politics.
Springer Book Archives