Introducing Phonetics and Phonology

; S.J. Hannahs

Intended for the absolute beginner, Introducing Phonetics and Phonology requires no previous background in linguistics, phonetics or phonology. Starting with a grounding in phonetics and phonological theory, the book provides a base from which more advanced treatments may be approached. Les mer
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Vår pris: 512,-

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Om boka

Intended for the absolute beginner, Introducing Phonetics and Phonology requires no previous background in linguistics, phonetics or phonology. Starting with a grounding in phonetics and phonological theory, the book provides a base from which more advanced treatments may be approached.

It begins with an examination of the foundations of articulatory and acoustic phonetics, moves on to the basic principles of phonology and ends with an outline of some further issues within contemporary phonology. Varieties of English, particularly Received Pronunciation and General American, form the focus of consideration, but aspects of the phonetics and phonology of other languages are discussed as well. This new edition includes revised exercises and examples; additional coverage of typology, autosegmental phonology and articulatory and acoustic phonetics; broader coverage of varieties that now features Australian English; and an extended Chapter 7 that includes more information on the relationship between phonetics and phonology.


Introducing Phonetics and Phonology, 4th Edition remains the essential introduction for any students studying this topic for the first time.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

List of tables


List of figures


Preface to the first edition


Preface to the second edition


Preface to the third edition


Preface to the fourth edition


The International Phonetic Alphabet








1. Introduction


1.1 Phonetics and phonology


1.2 The generative enterprise


Further reading





2. Introduction to articulatory phonetics


2.1 Overview


2.2 Speech sound classification


2.3 Suprasegmental structure


2.4 Consonants versus vowels


Further reading


Exercises





3. Consonants


3.1 Stops


3.2 Affricates


3.3 Fricatives


3.4 Nasals


3.5 Liquids


3.6 Glides


3.7 An inventory of English consonants


Further reading


Exercises





4. Vowels


4.1 Vowel classification


4.2 The vowel space and Cardinal Vowels


4.3 Further classifications


4.4 The vowels of English


4.5 Some vowel systems of English


Further reading


Exercises





5. Acoustic phonetics


5.1 Fundamentals


5.2 Speech sounds


5.3 Cross linguistic values


Further reading


Exercises





6. Above the segment


6.1 The syllable


6.2 Stress


6.3 Tone and intonation


Further reading


Exercises





7. Features


7.1 Segmental composition


7.2 Phonetic versus phonological features


7.3 Charting the features


7.4 Conclusion


Further reading


Exercises





8. Phonemic analysis


8.1 Sounds that are the same but different


8.2 Finding phonemes and allophones


8.3 Linking levels: rules


8.4 Choosing the underlying form


8.5 Summary


Further reading


Exercises





9. Phonological alternations, processes and rules


9.1 Alternations versus processes versus rules


9.2 Alternation types


9.3 Representing phonological generalisations: rules and constraints


9.4 Overview of phonological operations


9.5 Summary


Further reading


Exercises





10. Phonological structure


10.1 The need for richer phonological representation


10.2 Segment internal structure: feature geometry, underspecification and unary features





10.3 Autosegmental phonology


10.4 Suprasegmental structure


10.5 Conclusion


Further reading


Exercises





11. Derivational analysis


11.1 The aims of analysis


11.2 A derivational analysis of English noun plural formation


11.3 Extrinsic versus intrinsic rule ordering


11.4 Evaluating competing analyses: evidence, economy and plausibility


11.5 Conclusion


Further reading


Exercises





12. Constraint-based analysis


12.1 Introduction to Optimality Theory


12.2 The aims of analysis





12.3 Modelling phonological processes in OT


12.4 English noun plural formation: an OT account


12.5 Competing analyses


12.6 Conclusion


Further reading


Exercises





13. Constraining the model


13.1 Constraining derivational phonology: abstractness


13.2 Constraining the power of the phonological component


13.3 Constraining the power of OT


13.4 Conclusion


Further reading


Glossary


References


Subject index


Varieties of English index


Languages index

Om forfatteren

Mike Davenport is the former Director of Durham University English Language Centre, UK.





S.J. Hannahs is a former Reader in Linguistics at Newcastle University, UK.