Doctrine of Res Judicata Before International Commercial Arbitral Tribunals

«Few tasks provide the analytic challenge inherent in articulation of when and why a prior judgment or award will (or should) take binding effect before an arbitral tribunal. The superb treatise by Silja Schaffstein offers a stimulating study of res judicata in international arbitration, examining analogues in national litigation, public international law and conflicts-of-law principles. Comprehensive and thoughtful, her book will assist both scholars and practitioners in grappling with a subject that continues to resist facile solutions.»

Rusty Park, Professor of Law, Boston University; President, London Court of International Arbitratio
Today, international commercial disputes regularly involve multiple parties, contracts, and issues. As a result, the number of disputes that are tried in two or more different forums has increased, giving rise to difficult issues regarding the conclusive and preclusive effects of prior judgments or awards. Les mer
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Today, international commercial disputes regularly involve multiple parties, contracts, and issues. As a result, the number of disputes that are tried in two or more different forums has increased, giving rise to difficult issues regarding the conclusive and preclusive effects of prior judgments or awards. As a result, the doctrine of res judicata , which requires that a final decision by a court or arbitral tribunal be conclusive and that it should not be
re-litigated, is of increasing significance. Dr Silja Schaffstein provides the first practical and comprehensive guidelines for matters of res judicata for international commercial arbitration practitioners.

Structured in two parts, part one examines the doctrine of res judicata in domestic and international litigation, while part two determines whether and how the res judicata doctrine may be applied by international commercial arbitral tribunals. Dr Schaffstein identifies situations in which res judicata issues are likely to arise before international commercial arbitral tribunals and provides actionable solutions. The book determines the key features of the
doctrine of res judicata in the laws of England, the United States, France, and Switzerland, as representative of the common law system on the one hand and the civil law system on the other hand. The book also presents the doctrine of res judicata in the context of private international law, alongside its crucial aspects and
application in public international law by international courts and tribunals.

The aim of the work is to demonstrate how transnational principles of res judicata should be elaborated for international commercial arbitral tribunals. The analysis looks at how the doctrine should be applied by international commercial arbitral tribunals in their relations with other arbitral tribunals or state courts, and within the arbitral proceedings pending before them. The work sets out the transnational principles in the form of guidelines for international
arbitrators.

Fakta

Anmeldelser

«Few tasks provide the analytic challenge inherent in articulation of when and why a prior judgment or award will (or should) take binding effect before an arbitral tribunal. The superb treatise by Silja Schaffstein offers a stimulating study of res judicata in international arbitration, examining analogues in national litigation, public international law and conflicts-of-law principles. Comprehensive and thoughtful, her book will assist both scholars and practitioners in grappling with a subject that continues to resist facile solutions.»

Rusty Park, Professor of Law, Boston University; President, London Court of International Arbitratio

«In times of an ever-increasing number of parallel and satellite proceedings in international arbitration, the question of a decisions res judicata effect on any future proceeding across national frontiers has reached key importance. As there is no uniform approach to dealing with this issue in national codes of civil procedure or arbitration laws, the need for the development of a transnational standard cannot be overstated. Dr Schaffstein's remarkable treatise offers a welcome contribution to such a development. At the same time, it is a useful guide for practitioners, encountering specific questions in regard to res judicata in international arbitral practice. As such, the study is an indispensable addition to any library on international arbitration.»

Professor Klaus Peter Berger, Professor of Law, University of Cologne; Founder and Executive Directo

«The doctrine of res judicata is increasingly invoked in international arbitral proceedings. It is not enough that a prior award or judgment is worthy of recognition in order to be given res judicata effect; all systems of law impose additional requirements including, but not limited to, certain "identities," and these requirements are by no means identical across legal systems. Their content depends on a choice of law analysis, with selection of the applicable law potentially outcome-determinative. Silja Schaffstein's new book, The Doctrine of Res Judicata before International Commercial Arbitral Tribunals does long overdue justice to a topic that has received all too little sustained attention in the literature and jurisprudence alike. It will rightly guide all future treatments of the subject.»

Professor George Bermann, Director, Center for International Commercial and Investment Arbitration,

«Silja Schaffstein's new book sheds light on the complex questions that arise in this context through a thorough analysis of the approaches taken in common and civil law jurisdictions, international law, and commercial arbitral jurisprudence. Her insights and the suggestion of transnational rules for the principle's application will be extremely useful for arbitration practitioners and make a highly welcome contribution to the debate in this field.»

Hanno Wehland, PhD, Arbitration Practitioner

«Dr. Schaffstein's treatise on res judicata in international commercial arbitration is a highly valuable contribution to an aspect of international arbitration law with delicate theoretical implications and great practical relevance ... It will certainly become a starting point for any analysis of the res judicata effects of awards, especially by arbitral tribunals, and should contribute to a shared approach to the subject.»

Professor Luca Radicati di Brozolo, Catholic University of Milan School of Law; Partner, ArbLit Radi

«Increasingly, parties raise and oppose the conclusive or preclusive effect of national and transnational doctrines of res judicata which may control or at least influence the decision making processes of international arbitration tribunals. This book provides a valuable guide to the theories and practical applications of res judicata in international commercial arbitration, an excellent and topical subject on which there is little other substantial publication.»

Julian DM Lew QC, Professor of Law, Head of the School of International Arbitration, Queen Mary Univ

«Schaffstein's careful analysis of the present situation and meaningful proposals on ways to approach the situation going forward arrive at an opportune time in the midst of this debate Her work as a whole can be considered an important new asset to arbitration practitioners which will greatly facilitate the promulgation of what should today be considered the correct approach to the issue of res judicata in arbitration. In particular, the rules she has proposed will be a very valuable tool for arbitrators who decide to follow the transnational path when rendering a decision on res judicata.»

Nathalie Voser, Partner Schellenberg Wittmer Ltd, Zürich, Professor of Law, University of Basel

Innholdsfortegnelse

PART I - THE DOCTRINE OF RES JUDICATA IN LITIGATION; PART II - THE DOCTRINE OF RES JUDICATA IN INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL ARBITRATION

Om forfatteren

Dr Silja Schaffstein, Levy Kaufmann-Kohler, Attorneys-At-Law in Geneva.