This book presents general problems in geoarchaeology, and discusses geophysical solutions, X-ray fluorescence spectrometry
applications, X-ray and isotope analyses and GIS technologies. It also examines practical reconstructions of technological
processes used in ancient time, and investigates the use of minerals and rocks by ancient societies in the territories of
modern Russia, Ukraine, Turkmenistan, and Tajikistan, as well as the characteristics of ores, metallurgical slags and data
on the composition and impurities of archaeological metals. Intended for archaeologists, historians, museum workers and geologists
studying noble metals and copper, the book is also a useful resource for students, graduate students, experts and anyone interested
in the use of various minerals at different stages of humanity's development.