Multinational Enterprise, Political Risk and Organisational Change

From Total War to Cold War

; Takafumi Kurosawa ; Ben Wubs

Hitherto, the organization of international business has been studied mostly from a managerial point of view or by examining the relationship between firms and the economy. Yet, the development of the modern, multinational firm - the most important type of business organisation - has been strongly influenced by the conflicts that bedeviled the twentieth century. Les mer
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Om boka

Hitherto, the organization of international business has been studied mostly from a managerial point of view or by examining the relationship between firms and the economy. Yet, the development of the modern, multinational firm - the most important type of business organisation - has been strongly influenced by the conflicts that bedeviled the twentieth century. The volatile macroeconomic and political environments experienced by international business point to how important it is to study political risk. Consequently, Multinational Enterprise, Political Risk and Organisational Change: From Total War to Cold War breaks new ground: it argues that non-market elements and historical context are key to understanding the way international business has been organised. This edited volume offers an historical approach to analysing how multinational enterprise has developed over time and around the world, through a series of well-crafted chapters, on important topics in international economic and business history, written by authorities in their respective fields of study and research. The study is based on the underlying premise that the coming of the two World Wars, the devastating and long-term consequences of such total wars, and the ideological challenge of the Cold War acted as a pivot points in shaping the nature and character of multinational firms. By examining such phenomena, this study offers insights to anyone who has an interest in business, economic or political history, management and business studies, or international relations.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

Part I: Geopolitical Risks and Organizational Challenges












Swiss and (Anglo)-Dutch multinationals and organizational change in the era of Total War






Takafumi Kurosawa and Ben Wubs








Municipalisation, war, tax and nationalisation:






Imperial Continental Gas Association in an era of turmoil, 1824-1987



Ryo Izawa








Go west: C&A's motives and strategies for expansion from Europe into the western hemisphere, 1945-1962






Mark Spoerer








Foreign oil majors in Japan and the Second World War






Takeo Kikkawa



Part II: Total War and Long-Lasting Impact








Mutual attraction: Siemens activities in Italy 1855-1968






Luciano Segreto








Reinventing the Rio Tinto Company: Spain, political risk and corporate strategy before and after the Second World War






Neil Forbes








War and industry dynamics: The case of the industrial gases industry after 1940






Ray Stokes and Ralf Banken



Part III: Cold War and Corporate Strategies








The afterlife of a multinational enterprise: the case of Siemens' subsidiary in Hungary after the Second World War






Judit Klement








International business and the Cold War. The case of the Trans-European Pipeline, 1956-1960






Marten Boon








From Cold War to the Washington Consensus: evolution of the multinational corporations' strategies in Chile








Marcelo Bucheli

Om forfatteren

Neil Forbes is Professor of International History and Associate Dean Research, Faculty of Arts & Humanities, Coventry University, UK. His research interests focus on the interaction of foreign policy formulation with the practices of multinational enterprise during the interwar years, Anglo-American relations and the rise of the Third Reich, and cultural heritage (especially in relation to conflict, contested landscapes and the memorialisation of war). Recent publications include: 'The Foreign Office, foreign policy and commerce: Anglo-German Relations in the 1930s', in The Foreign Office, Commerce and British Foreign Policy in the Twentieth Century edited by John Fisher, Effie G. H. Pedaliu, and Richard Smith (2016); and 'The Flows of International Finance after the First World War: the Bank of England and Hungary, 1920 - 1939', in The Impact of the First World War on Internationa