Life and Death in the Gombe Chimpanzees
Skeletal Analysis as an Insight into Life History
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The Gombe skeletal collection is the largest collection of wild chimpanzees with known life histories in existence, and this work significantly expands the skeletal sample from this long-term research site (49 chimpanzees). The book explores topics of general interest to skeletal analysts such as demographic patterns, which injuries leave signs on the skeleton, and rates of healing, and discusses both qualitative and quantitative analysis of the patterning of lesions.
The book presents the data in a narrative style similar to that employed in Dr. Goodall's seminal work The Chimpanzees of Gombe. Readers already familiar with the Gombe chimpanzees are likely to appreciate summaries of life events correlated to observable skeletal features. The book is especially relevant at this time to remind primate conservationists of the importance of the isolated chimpanzee population at Gombe National Park as well as the availability of the skeletons for study, both within the park itself as well as at the University of Minnesota.
1 The Gombe skeletal sample and case studies 1.1 Introduction
1.2 Previous studies of the Gombe skeletal collection
1.3 Dominance rank
1.4 Skeletal analysis
1.5 Individual cases
2 Analysis of skeletal lesions
2.2 Materials and methods
2.3 Is the skeletal sample representative of the overall population at Gombe?
2.4 What percent of the sample exhibits trauma and pathology?
2.5 What are the most frequently affected elements?
2.7 Dental lesions
2.8 Are there sex differences in rates of trauma? Are there sex differences in location/pattern of trauma?
2.9 Analysis of proportion of traumatic lesions
2.10 Sex differences in trauma rate
2.11 Do rates of trauma differ between traumatic versus non-traumatic causes of death?
2.12 Do trauma rates increase with age?
2.13 Are there sex differences in rates of pathology? Are there sex differences in location/pattern of pathology?
2.14 Proportion of pathologic lesions
2.15 Sex differences in pathology rate
2.16 Do pathology rates increase with age?
2.17 Do rates of skeletal lesions differ between dominance rank categories?
2.18 Does age account for the effect size of the influence of rank on skeletal lesions?
2.19 Comparison with Kibale
3.1 Sex differences in skeletal lesion rate
3.2 The complex relationship between dominance rank and skeletal lesions