Raising Goats For Dummies

No buts: discover the addictive joy of raising goats


Goats are amazing, multi-talented creatures that have been domesticated for over 10,000 years. As well as being a source of food, clothes, and milk, they're wonderful companions: cute, intelligent, and playful-and often as friendly and attentive as dogs. Les mer
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Paperback
Legg i
Vår pris: 231,-

(Paperback)
Leveringstid: Sendes innen 7 virkedager
På grunn av Brexit-tilpasninger og tiltak for å begrense covid-19 kan det dessverre oppstå forsinket levering.

Om boka

No buts: discover the addictive joy of raising goats


Goats are amazing, multi-talented creatures that have been domesticated for over 10,000 years. As well as being a source of food, clothes, and milk, they're wonderful companions: cute, intelligent, and playful-and often as friendly and attentive as dogs. In addition, they make endearing noises and-according to ancient Ethiopian legend-discovered coffee. So what's holding you back? The new edition of Raising Goats For Dummies rebuts all your excuses, and shows you why having one-or, actually, a few-of these companionable ruminants (cud-chewing animals) in your life will bring you great joy, and, if you choose, unbeatable homemade milk and cheese-and possibly a cozy new sweater.


A happy goat aficionado since 1998, Cheryl K. Smith takes you from the grassroots of raising your goat-choosing and buying the breed you want, building and maintaining goat-friendly housing-to more elevated terrain, including how to build your own milk stand, participate in online goat shows (it's a thing!), and even monetize your goat. You'll also learn the fundamentals of proper care to make sure your goats are fed, kept healthy, and bred in ways that ensure they have the happiest life you can provide.





Study the history and breeds of goat, like the Nigerian Dwarf or Pygmy

Live sustainably from and even profit from your goat

Identify and alleviate common ailments

Have fun raising the kids!



Whether you're researching buying a goat or learning on the hoof about the ones you have, this book has everything you need to see why getting your goat will bring years and years of joy.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

Introduction 1


About This Book 1


Foolish Assumptions 2


Beyond the Book 2


Icons Used in the Book 2


Where to Go from Here 3


Part 1: Getting Started with Goats 5


Chapter 1: Discovering the Joys of Raising Goats 7


Finding Goat Basics 8


Identifying the Benefits of Owning Goats 9


Becoming more self-sufficient 9


Using goats for companions or helpers 13


Raising goats as a 4-H project 14


Determining Whether Goats Are for You 15


Devoting time and effort 15


Deciding which goats are right for your situation 16


Finding out about local ordinances 17


Knowing your neighbors 18


Chapter 2: Glimpsing Vital Goat Statistics 19


Doe, a Goat, a Female Goat 19


Taking a Look at Goat Anatomy 20


Parts of the body 20


The digestive system 22


Hooves 23


Teeth 24


Beards 25


Wattles 25


Horns 26


Eyes 26


Signs of a Healthy Goat 27


Noticing posture 27


Identifying the meaning of goat cries 27


Determining normal temperature 28


Using ruminations as a health indicator 30


Taking a goat's pulse 30


Counting respirations 31


Recognizing life expectancy 31


Using a Goat Scorecard to Evaluate a Goat 31


Chapter 3: Knowing Your Capra Aegagrus Hircus (Goat, That Is) 33


Looking into Dairy Goats 34


Standard dairy goat breeds 34


Miniature breeds 38


Discovering Meat Goats 42


Boer goats 43


Myotonic goats 44


Kiko goats 45


Spanish goats 45


Texmaster goats 46


Moneymaker meat goats 46


Savanna goats 47


Investigating Fiber Goats 47


Angora 47


Cashmere 48


Miniature fiber goats 49


Chapter 4: Getting Your Property Ready for a Goat 51


Figuring Out How Many Goats You Can Support 51


Making Sure Fencing is Adequate 52


Running through types of fencing 53


Planning for gates 54


Protecting Your Plants 55


Considering which trees to protect 55


Making trees goat-proof 55


Protecting Your Herd 57


Putting hazards out of reach 57


Avoiding tethering 58


Providing a safe place to bunk down 59


Considering local predators 59


Using guardian animals for security 61


Removing poisonous plants 63


Building a Milk Stand 65


Cutting the lumber into parts and marking the pieces 67


Attaching the legs to the base 68


Attaching the side pieces to the base 68


Finishing the platform 68


Preparing the stanchion 68


Assembling the stanchion 69


Creating neck pieces 69


Adding the neck pieces to the stanchion 70


Adding the feeder attachment 70


Attaching the stanchion to the base 71


Making final adjustments 71


Part 2: Bringing Your Goats Home 73


Chapter 5: Home Sweet Homestead: Sheltering Your Goats 75


Outlining Shelter Types 75


Using an existing building 77


Putting up a shelter 77


Providing a Safe, Cozy Place for Goats to Bunk 78


Building a sleeping shelf in an existing barn 79


Using and maintaining bedding 82


Creating an Outdoor Shelter 84


Protecting your goats from the elements 84


Selecting flooring 85


Keeping Your Goats and Their Living Space Clean 86


Controlling flies and other bugs 86


Feed storage and ratproofing 88


Chapter 6: Dinner Time: What and How to Feed Your Goats 91


Goats Don't Eat Tin Cans: What and How to Feed 92


Understanding the two types of feed 92


Feeding hay and alfalfa 93


Using Chaffhaye instead of hay and alfalfa 93


Feeding grain 94


Following a feeding schedule 95


Choosing organic - or not 96


Minerals are a must 96


Supplemental feeds 97


Using Body-Condition Scoring to Fine-Tune Feeding 99


Feeding for Special Cases 100


Pregnancy 101


Milking does 101


Kids 101


Getting the Basic Supplies 102


Bowls 102


Buckets 102


Water supply 103


Mineral feeder 104


Hay feeder 105


Storing feed 106


Building a Simple Hay Feeder 106


Building a Mineral Block Holder 108


Providing Supplemental Feeding Options 110


Growing a goat garden 110


Feeding with garden plant waste 112


Storing garden produce 112


Creating a Hedgerow 113


Choosing a location 113


Determining what to plant 113


Keeping it surviving and thriving 114


Supplementing with Fodder 114


Chapter 7: Getting Your Goats: Choosing, Buying, and Bringing Goats Home 117


Choosing the Right Goats for Your Needs 118


Goats need company 118


Function matters 118


Size matters 119


Horns can hurt 119


Registered or unregistered 119


Looks count: The basics of conformation 120


Finding Sources for Goats 121


Visiting local feed stores 122


Reading the agriculture paper or thrifties 122


Checking out Craigslist 122


Surfing breeders' websites 122


Joining registries and goat clubs 123


Going where goat people congregate 123


Making Sure You Get a Healthy Goat 124


Asking questions 124


Examining the goats 125


Observing the home herd 126


Protecting Yourself with a Contract 126


Bringing Your Goats Home 128


Transporting your goats 128


Quarantining new goats 129


Watching for signs of stress 129


Chapter 8: Working with Your Goats 131


Identifying Normal Goat Behavior 131


Establishing a "pecking" order 132


Biting, butting, and mounting 133


Conducting Basic Training with Your Goats 135


Collars are not just decorations 135


Handling goats regularly 136


Walking goats on a lead 137


Teaching basic manners 138


Moving Up to Advanced Goat Training 139


Teaching tricks with a clicker 139


Using an obstacle course 140


Housebreaking 140


Preparing goats for packing 141


Training goats to pull a cart 143


Supervising Your Herd 145


Meeting their social needs 145


Evaluating the time you have to be home 146


Finding and training a reliable helper 146


Maintaining Physical Fitness 147


Walking with your goats 148


Furnishing your yard or pasture with toys 148


Entertaining with Your Goats 149


Chapter 9: Handling Routine Care and Important One-Time Tasks 151


Grooming Your Goats 151


Brushing 152


Bathing 152


Clipping 152


Specialized clipping 154


Caring for Hooves 154


Preparing to trim 155


Trimming the hooves 155


Dealing with Horns 159


Horned or not? 159


The case for no horns on goats 159


When to disbud 160


How to disbud 160


Preventing and dealing with scurs 164


Castrating Your Bucks 165


The problem of poor Elmer, or why to castrate 165


Knowing when to castrate 166


Choosing a castration method 167


Identifying Your Goats: Microchipping and Tattooing 169


Choosing a method 169


Tattooing your goat 170


Microchipping your goat 171


Part 3: Managing Goat Health and Breeding 173


Chapter 10: Outlining Basic Health-Care Requirements 175


Recognizing Signs of Illness 176


Working with a Veterinarian 177


Finding a vet 177


Knowing when to call 178


Preparing for a vet visit 178


Working with a non-goat veterinarian 180


Building a First-Aid Kit 180


The Straight Poop: Fecal Analysis 182


Giving Injections 184


Considering Vaccinations 186


Deciding whether to vaccinate 186


Looking into common vaccinations 186


Giving a vaccination 187


Keeping Health Records 188


Documenting important information 188


Keeping track of recurrent problems 189


Providing information for the vet 189


Tracking trends 190


Testing to Avoid Problems 190


Knowing what to test for 190


How to draw blood for a test 191


Knowing the Law Regarding Drugs in Food Animals 193


Chapter 11: Addressing Common Health Problems and Ailments 195


Managing the Creepy-Crawlies 195


Controlling external parasites 196


Minimizing internal parasites 198


Helping keep parasite problems at bay 202


Acquainting Yourself with Goat Viruses and Infections 202


Caprine arthritis encephalitis virus (CAEV) 202


Abscesses 204


Hardware disease 205


Tetanus 205


Johne's disease 206


Listeriosis 206


Pinkeye 207


Soremouth 207


Pneumonia 208


Wounds 209


Ringworm 210


Foot rot 210


Rabies 210


Examining Feed-Related Problems 211


Scours 211


Bloat 212


Enterotoxemia 213


Nutrient imbalances 214


Poisoning 218


Chapter 12: Breeding and Looking After Pregnant Goats 219


Preparing for Breeding 219


Running through Goat Mating Habits: Courting is Crucial! 220


Identifying the season for goat love 220


Manners, or what to expect from your goat 221


Doing the deed 223


Housing a buck after breeding 223


Finding Breeding Solutions When You Have Only Does 224


The invaluable buck rag 224


Leasing a buck 225


One-night stands, or driveway breeding 225


Artificial insemination 225


Looking into the Finer Points of Goat Pregnancy 226


Length of gestation 226


False pregnancy 226


Dealing with common pregnancy problems 227


Getting Ready for Kidding 230


Preparing the doe 230


Setting up a kidding pen 230


Being prepared with a kidding kit 231


Knowing when she'll kid (and what to do!) 232


Chapter 13: Now Comes the Fun Part: Kids! 235


Grasping the Basics of Kidding 235


Knowing what to expect from labor and birth 236


Handling multiples 239


Taking Care of Mother and Kids after Kidding 240


Caring for the new mother 240


Caring for newborn kids 241


The importance of colostrum 242


Dealing with kid problems 242


Tube-feeding a weak kid 246


Vaccinating 248


Feeding the Kids 249


Deciding between hand-feeding or natural feeding 249


Choosing milk 250


Feeding individually or as a group 250


Feeding schedule 251


Introducing solid foods 252


Weaning kids 252


Chapter 14: Caring for Aged Goats 255


Identifying Health Problems 255


Musculoskeletal issues 256


Digestive issues 256


Immune system issues 257


Circulatory issues 257


Mammary issues 257


Behavioral changes 258


Making Allowances for Disability 258


Providing proper housing 258


Finding a workable diet 259


Easing chronic pain 261


Determining When to Let Go 262


Part 4: Making Your Goats Work for You 263


Chapter 15: Discovering Goat Milk: How to Get, Use, and Sell It 265


Developing a Milking Routine 266


Knowing when to milk 266


Keeping the milk fresh 267


Caring for the udder 268


Preventing mastitis 269


Keeping records 269


Ending milking (Drying off) 270


Getting a Grip on Hand-Milking 270


Getting the supplies 271


Running through the hand-milking process 272


Using a hand-milking machine 273


Using a Motorized Milking Machine 274


Handling Milk to Keep It Clean and Fresh 276


Straining the milk 276


Cooling the milk 277


Storing the milk 277


Staying Legal while Selling Milk 278


Chapter 16: Goat Meat: From Breeding to Selling and Beyond 279


Getting the Basics of Raising Goats for Meat 280


Cross-breeding standard dairy goats to produce meat goats 280


Using your dairy goats for meat 281


Selling Your Products 281


Identifying potential buyers 281


Selling goats 284


Advertising 286


Legal considerations 287


Determining what to charge 287


Using marketing terminology properly 288


Slaughtering Goats 289


Doing it yourself 289


Using a licensed slaughter plant 289


Hiring a mobile butcher 290


Humanely slaughtering goats 290


Using All of the Goat 291


Hide tanning 291


Animal feed 293


Using the organs for herd health check 293


Chapter 17: Showing Your Goats 295


Finding Shows 296


Preparing to Show Your Goat 296


Getting your goat show-ready 297


Assembling your supplies 300


Earning more than just ribbons 301


Marketing at shows 301


Showing Your Goat in Person 302


Dressing appropriately 302


Keeping your goat between yourself and the judge 302


Focusing on the judge at all times 303


Making sure not to talk with your neighbor 303


Remaining calm even if your goat is misbehaving 303


Doing what the judge asks 304


Keeping your goat properly set up 304


Being a good loser (or winner) 305


Showing Your Goat Virtually 305


Setting the scene 306


Preparing your goat 306


Photographing properly 306


Chapter 18: More Benefits of Goats: Fiber, Breeding, Weed Control, and More 309


Harvesting and Selling Fiber 310


Reviewing fiber types 310


Shearing: How and when 311


Processing the fiber 314


Spinning 316


Selling your fiber 317


Creating Mini Breeds 318


Backpacking with Goats 320


Offering Buck Service 321


Boarding Other People's Goats 322


Selling Compost 322


Hiring Out for Weed Control 323


Providing "Goat Therapy" 324


Part 5: The Part of Tens 325


Chapter 19: Ten Common Mistakes First-Time Goat Owners Make 327


Getting Too Many Goats Too Fast 327


Failing to Educate Yourself before Getting Goats 328


Underestimating the Costs 328


Paying Too Much or Too Little for Your Goats 329


Getting Only One Goat 330


Buying Unhealthy Goats 330


Neglecting Routine Management and Care 331


Overlooking Your Goats' Dietary Needs 331


Giving the Goats Too Little Attention 332


Getting a Buck before You're Ready 332


Chapter 20: Ten Misconceptions about Goats 333


Goats Will Eat Anything 333


Goats Stink 334


Goats Aren't Very Smart 334


Goats Make Good Lawn Mowers 335


Goat Milk Tastes Bad 335


Goat Meat Tastes Bad 335


Goats Get Most of Their Water from Plants 336


Goats Are Only for People Who Can't Afford Cows 336


Only Male Goats Have Beards 337


A Dog Makes a Good Friend for a Goat 337


Appendix: Goat-Milk Recipes 339


Index 357

Om forfatteren

Cheryl K. Smith has raised a small herd of Nigerian Dwarf and Oberian dairy goats under the herd name Mystic Acres since 1998. She is the owner of karmadillo Press and is the author of Goat Health Care, Goat Midwifery, The Best of Ruminations Goat Milk and Cheese Recipes, and Raising Goats: Some Essentials.