1. South America's central role in migration and citizenship law; Part I. The Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries: 2. Open
borders in the nineteenth century: constructing the national, the citizen and the foreigner; 3. The construction of the Hispano-American
legal figure in the nineteenth century; 4. The legal construction of the foreigner as undesirable in twentieth century South
America; Part II. Consolidation and Transition into the Twenty-First Century: 5. The construction of the irregular immigrant:
the principle of non-criminalisation of undocumented migration; 6. The right to migrate as a fundamental right? The construction
of the foreigner through equal treatment; 7. Open borders and the construction of a South American citizen; 8. Conclusion:
constructing and deconstructing the foreigner: an innovative and exceptional approach?