Computational Methods in Nuclear Radiation Shielding and Dosimetry

Kulwinder Singh Mann (Redaktør)

This book is a compilation of the most widely used computational methods and techniques for calculating shielding parameters that are required for radiation-shielding investigations of dosimetric materials. Les mer
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Vår pris: 3443,-

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Leveringstid: Sendes innen 21 dager
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Om boka

This book is a compilation of the most widely used computational methods and techniques for calculating shielding parameters that are required for radiation-shielding investigations of dosimetric materials. The theoretical, experimental, and simulation methods and their applications are described. The book is divided into thirteen chapters that are arranged in a systematic order and written by experienced scientists and academicians worldwide. The gamma-ray shielding parameter calculations with the Monte Carlo simulation techniques viz. MCNP, GEANT4, FLUKA, and EGS5 codes are illustrated. Descriptions of various software such as XCOM, WinXCom, FLUKA, Phy-X, BMIX, ASFIT, and ANSI are provided. A review of fundamental quantities for calculation of ambient dose, i.e., photon and neutron buildup factors, is presented. A phantom-based computation model has been included to indicate the applications of radiation dosimetry in medical diagnostics. The chapters on computed-tomography (CT) have been included to provide insight into the radiations' diagnostic capabilities and applications. The shielding effectiveness of some materials such as ignimbrite rocks, amorphous metals, marbles, dosimetric materials, and novel shielding materials have been investigated. The most recent concept of multi-layered shielding and related buildup factors' influence on the shielding effectiveness is described with a computer program, the RIMP-TOOLKIT. This book is the result of the authors' hard-work and determination during the worldwide lockdown period caused by the spread of COVID-19. The conclusions presented in this book will be useful in nuclear radiation shielding and for dosimetric purposes. Additionally, this book will be helpful for postgraduate students of physics and chemistry.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

Dedication; Preface; Ripm-Toolkit: A Computer Program to Investigate Double-Layered Gamma-Ray Shielding Enclosures; Fluka: A Competent Code for Shielding Characteristics; Basic Quantities for Photon Shielding Calculations; Ambient Dose Buildup Factors; Calculation of Buildup Factors Using Taylors Approximation for Multi-Layered Shields; Novel Materials for Dosimetry and Shielding Radiation; Phantom Based Computational Models for Dose Calculation in Medicine; Dosimetry in Computed Tomography; Dosimetry in the Area of Dentistry; Evaluation of Some Ignimbrite Rocks as Gamma Radiation Shielding Material: A Fluka Simulation Study; Investigation of Gamma-Ray Shielding Parameters of Marbles; Radiation Shielding Characteristics of Bulk Amorphous Metals for Gamma Rays, Charged and Uncharged Particles; Detection Features of Borate-Based Thermoluminescent Dosimeters; About the Editors; Index.