Understanding Post-Tonal Music

Understanding Post-Tonal Music is a student-centered textbook that explores the compositional and musical processes of twentieth-century post-tonal music. Intended for undergraduate or general graduate courses on the theory and analysis of twentieth-century music, this book will increase the accessibility of post-tonal music by providing students with tools for understanding pitch organization, rhythm and meter, form, texture, and aesthetics. Les mer
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Understanding Post-Tonal Music is a student-centered textbook that explores the compositional and musical processes of twentieth-century post-tonal music. Intended for undergraduate or general graduate courses on the theory and analysis of twentieth-century music, this book will increase the accessibility of post-tonal music by providing students with tools for understanding pitch organization, rhythm and meter, form, texture, and aesthetics. By presenting the music first and then deriving the theory, Understanding Post-Tonal Music leads students to greater understanding and appreciation of this challenging and important repertoire.


The updated second edition includes new "Explorations" features that guide students to engage with pieces through listening and a process of exploration, discovery, and discussion; a new chapter covering electronic, computer, and spectral musics; and additional coverage of music from the twenty-first century and recent trends. The text has been revised throughout to enhance clarity, both by streamlining the prose and by providing a visual format more accessible to the student.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

Introduction: An Overview of Twentieth Century Compositional Styles


The Century of Plurality: Tonal, Post-tonal, Atonal, and Other Styles


The Stylistic Mosaic





Chapter 1. Pitch Centricity and Composition with Motivic Cells


Pitch Centricity


Diatonic Collections


Pentatonic Collections


Analysis 1.1. Debussy, "La cathedrale engloutie," from Preludes, Book I (Anthology, no. 1)


Analysis 1.2. Stravinsky, Introduction to Part I, from The Rite of Spring (Anthology, no. 4)





Chapter 2. Pitch Centricity, Equal Divisions of the Octave, and Symmetry


Interval Cycles and Equal Divisions of the Octave


Symmetrical Motivic Cells


Symmetry Around an Axis


Symmetrical Scales


Analysis 2.1. Bartok, "Song of the Harvest," from Forty-four Violin Duets (Anthology, no. 5)


Analysis 2.2. Bartok, "Whole-tone Scale," from Mikrokosmos, Vol. 5 (Anthology, no. 6)





Chapter 3. Introduction to Pitch-Class-Set Theory


Preliminary Concepts


Pitch-Class Sets: Orderings and Basic Relationships


Pitch-Class Sets: Further Properties and Relationships


Pitch-Class Set Theory: A Summary





Chapter 4. Analyzing Atonal Music


Analyzing Atonal Music


Analysis 4.1. Webern, "Five Movements for String Quartet," Op. 5, III (Anthology, no. 10)


Analysis 4.2. Schoenberg "Angst und Hoffen," No. 7 from Book of the Hanging Gardens, Op. 15 (Anthology, no. 11)





Chapter 5. Drawing on (and Reinterpreting) the Past . . .


Neoclassicism


Analysis 5.1. Stravinsky, Agnus Dei, from Mass (Anthology, no. 13)


Hindemith's Theoretical and Compositional Premises


Analysis 5.2. Hindemith, Interlude in G, from Ludus tonalis (Anthology, no. 14)





Chapter 6. . . . And Inventing the Future


Ultramodern Aesthetics


Ives and Musical Borrowing


Analysis 6.1. Ives, "The Cage" (Anthology no. 16)


Analysis 6.2. Crawford, Diaphonic Suite No. 4, III (Anthology no. 17)





Chapter 7. Twelve-Tone Music I: An Introduction


The Twelve-Tone Method


Basic Principles


Building a Row


Labeling Row Forms


Building a Twelve-Tone Matrix


Identifying Given Row Forms Without Using a Matrix


Analysis 7.1. Dallapiccola, "Contrapunctus secundus," from Quaderno musicale di Annalibera (Anthology no. 18)





Chapter 8. Twelve-Tone Music II: Invariance, Symmetry, and Combinatoriality


Invariance


Webern and Row Symmetry


Analysis 8.1. Webern, Piano Variations, Op. 27, II (Anthology no. 20)


Hexachordal Combinatoriality


Analysis 8.2. Schoenberg, Klavierstuck, Op. 33a (Anthology no. 21)





Chapter 9. Serialism: Developments After 1945


Control vs. Indeterminacy


Stravinsky and Serialism


Analysis 9.1. Stravinsky, "Lacrimosa," from Requiem Canticles (Anthology no. 22)


Analysis 9.2. Boulez, Structures Ia (Anthology no. 23)


Milton Babbitt's Serial Methods





Chapter 10. Expanding the Limits of Musical Temporality


Rhythmic and Metric Irregularities in Post-Tonal Music


Temporal Issues in the Music of Messiaen


Analysis 10.1. Messiaen, Introduction, from Turangalila Symphony (Anthology, no. 24)


Tempo as a Structural Element in the Music of Elliott Carter


Analysis 10.2. Stockhausen, Stimmung (Anthology no. 25)





Chapter 11. Aleatory Music: Sound Mass, Texture, and Timbre


John Cage's Creative Journey


Analysis 11.1. Lutoslawki, Jeux venitiens, I (Anthology no. 26)


Analysis 11.2. Penderecki, St. Luke Passion, no. 13, "Et Surgens Omnis Multitudo" (Anthology no. 27)


Analysis 11.3. Gubaidulina, String Quartet no. 2, Reh. 1-21 (Anthology, no. 28)





Chapter 12. Electronic, Computer, and Spectral Musics


The Principles of Sound Synthesis


Analysis 12.1. Stockhausen, Telemusik, Sections 1-5 (Anthology no. 29)


Composition with Computers


Analysis 12.2: Jonathan Harvey, Mortuos plango, vivos voco


Analysis 12.3. Barry Truax, Riverrun (Anthology no. 30)


Spectral Music





Chapter 13. Integrating the Past and Reimagining Harmony


Integrating the Past


Analysis 13.1. Berio, Sinfonia, III (Anthology no. 31)


Analysis 13.2. Ligeti, Ramifications, mm. 1-44 (Anthology no. 32)


Analysis 13.3. Crumb, "Primeval Sounds," from Makrokosmos, vol. 1, no. 1 (Anthology no. 33)





Chapter 14. Simplifying Means


Minimalism


Analysis 14.1. Reich, Violin Phase (Anthology no. 35)


Nonfunctional Triadic Voice Leading


Analysis 14.2. Adams, Nixon in China, Act I, "News" Aria, mm. 374-542 (Anthology no. 36)


Analysis 14.3. Part, Cantus (Anthology no. 37)





Chapter 15. Into the Twenty-First Century


Analysis 15.1. Torke, Adjustable Wrench, mm. 1-72 (Anthology no. 38)


The Return of the Motive


Analysis 15.2. Thomas, Spring Song (Anthology no. 39)


Analysis 15.3. Ades, Asyla, II (Anthology no. 40)


Analysis 15.4. Saariaho, Ariel's Hail (Anthology no. 41)