Artificial Intelligence Safety and Security

Roman V. Yampolskiy (Redaktør)

The history of robotics and artificial intelligence in many ways is also the history of humanity's attempts to control such technologies. From the Golem of Prague to the military robots of modernity, the debate continues as to what degree of independence such entities should have and how to make sure that they do not turn on us, its inventors. Les mer
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Vår pris: 661,-

(Paperback) Fri frakt!
Leveringstid: Sendes innen 7 virkedager
På grunn av Brexit-tilpasninger og tiltak for å begrense covid-19 kan det dessverre oppstå forsinket levering.

Om boka

The history of robotics and artificial intelligence in many ways is also the history of humanity's attempts to control such technologies. From the Golem of Prague to the military robots of modernity, the debate continues as to what degree of independence such entities should have and how to make sure that they do not turn on us, its inventors. Numerous recent advancements in all aspects of research, development and deployment of intelligent systems are well publicized but safety and security issues related to AI are rarely addressed. This book is proposed to mitigate this fundamental problem. It is comprised of chapters from leading AI Safety researchers addressing different aspects of the AI control problem as it relates to the development of safe and secure artificial intelligence. The book is the first edited volume dedicated to addressing challenges of constructing safe and secure advanced machine intelligence.





The chapters vary in length and technical content from broad interest opinion essays to highly formalized algorithmic approaches to specific problems. All chapters are self-contained and could be read in any order or skipped without a loss of comprehension.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

Preface: Introduction to AI Safety and Security


Acknowledgments


Editor


Contributors





Part I Concerns of Luminaries





Chapter 1 Why the Future Doesn't Need Us


Bill Joy





Chapter 2 The Deeply Intertwined Promise and Peril of GNR


Ray Kurzweil





Chapter 3 The Basic AI Drives


Stephen M. Omohundro





Chapter 4 The Ethics of Artificial Intelligence


Nick Bostrom and Eliezer Yudkowsky





Chapter 5 Friendly Artificial Intelligence: The Physics Challenge


Max Tegmark





Chapter 6 MDL Intelligence Distillation: Exploring Strategies for Safe Access to Superintelligent Problem-Solving Capabilities


K. Eric Drexler





Chapter 7 The Value Learning Problem


Nate Soares





Chapter 8 Adversarial Examples in the Physical World


Alexey Kurakin, Ian J. Goodfellow, and Samy Bengio





Chapter 9 How Might AI Come About?: Different Approaches and Their Implications for Life in the Universe


David Brin





Chapter 10 The MADCOM Future: How Artificial Intelligence Will Enhance Computational Propaganda, Reprogram Human Culture, and Threaten Democracy ... and What can be Done About It


Matt Chessen





Chapter 11 Strategic Implications of Openness in AI Development


Nick Bostrom





Part II Responses of Scholars





Chapter 12 Using Human History, Psychology, and Biology to Make AI Safe for Humans


Gus Bekdash





Chapter 13 AI Safety: A First-Person Perspective


Edward Frenkel





Chapter 14 Strategies for an Unfriendly Oracle AI with Reset Button


Olle Haggstroem





Chapter 15 Goal Changes in Intelligent Agents


Seth Herd, Stephen J. Read, Randall O'Reilly, and David J. Jilk





Chapter 16 Limits to Verification and Validation of Agentic Behavior


David J. Jilk





Chapter 17 Adversarial Machine Learning


Phillip Kuznetsov, Riley Edmunds, Ted Xiao, Humza Iqbal, Raul Puri, Noah Golmant, and Shannon Shih





Chapter 18 Value Alignment via Tractable Preference Distance


Andrea Loreggia, Nicholas Mattei, Francesca Rossi, and K. Brent Venable





Chapter 19 A Rationally Addicted Artificial Superintelligence


James D. Miller





Chapter 20 On the Security of Robotic Applications Using ROS


David Portugal, Miguel A. Santos, Samuel Pereira, and Micael S. Couceiro





Chapter 21 Social Choice and the Value Alignment Problem


Mahendra Prasad





Chapter 22 Disjunctive Scenarios of Catastrophic AI Risk


Kaj Sotala





Chapter 23 Offensive Realism and the Insecure Structure of the International System: Artificial Intelligence and Global Hegemony


Maurizio Tinnirello





Chapter 24 Superintelligence and the Future of Governance: On Prioritizing the Control Problem at the End of History


Phil Torres





Chapter 25 Military AI as a Convergent Goal of Self-Improving AI


Alexey Turchin and David Denkenberger





Chapter 26 A Value-Sensitive Design Approach to Intelligent Agents


Steven Umbrello and Angelo F. De Bellis





Chapter 27 Consequentialism, Deontology, and Artificial Intelligence Safety


Mark Walker





Chapter 28 Smart Machines ARE a Threat to Humanity


Kevin Warwick





Index

Om forfatteren

Dr. Roman V. Yampolskiy is a Tenured Associate Professor in the department of Computer Engineering and Computer Science at the Speed School of Engineering, University of Louisville. He is the founding and current director of the Cyber Security Lab and an author of many books including Artificial Superintelligence: a Futuristic Approach. During his tenure at UofL, Dr. Yampolskiy has been recognized as: Distinguished Teaching Professor, Professor of the Year, Faculty Favorite, Top 4 Faculty, Leader in Engineering Education, Top 10 of Online College Professor of the Year, and Outstanding Early Career in Education award winner among many other honors and distinctions. Yampolskiy is a Senior member of IEEE and AGI; Member of Kentucky Academy of Science, former Research Advisor for MIRI and Associate of GCRI.


Dr. Yampolskiy's main areas of interest are AI Safety, Artificial Intelligence, Behavioral Biometrics, Cybersecurity, Genetic Algorithms, and Pattern Recognition. Dr. Yampolskiy is an author of over 150 publications including multiple journal articles and books. His research has been cited by 1000+ scientists and profiled in popular magazines both American and foreign (New Scientist, Poker Magazine, Science World Magazine), dozens of websites (BBC, MSNBC, Yahoo! News), on radio (German National Radio, Swedish National Radio) and TV. Dr. Yampolskiy's research has been featured 1000+ times in numerous media reports in 30 languages.