Contaminants in Agriculture

Sources, Impacts and Management

M. Naeem (Redaktør) ; Abid Ali Ansari (Redaktør) ; Sarvajeet Singh Gill (Redaktør)

This comprehensive volume covers recent studies into agricultural problems caused by soil and water contamination. Considering the importance of agricultural crops to human health, the editors have focused on chapters detailing the negative impact of heavy metals, excessive chemical fertilizer use, nutrients, pesticides, herbicides, insecticides, agricultural wastes and toxic pollutants, among others, on agricultural soil and crops. Les mer
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Om boka

This comprehensive volume covers recent studies into agricultural problems caused by soil and water contamination. Considering the importance of agricultural crops to human health, the editors have focused on chapters detailing the negative impact of heavy metals, excessive chemical fertilizer use, nutrients, pesticides, herbicides, insecticides, agricultural wastes and toxic pollutants, among others, on agricultural soil and crops. In addition, the chapters offer solutions to these negative impacts through various scientific approaches, including using biotechnology, nanotechnology, nutrient management strategies, biofertilizers, as well as potent PGRs and elicitors. This book serves as a key source of information on scientific and engineered approaches and challenges for the bioremediation of agricultural contamination worldwide.



This book should be helpful for research students, teachers, agriculturalists, agronomists, botanists, and plant growers, as well as in the fields of agriculture, agronomy, plant science, plant biology, and biotechnology, among others. It serves as an excellent reference on the current research and future directions of contaminants in agriculture from laboratory research to field application.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

PrefaceSECTION-A: OVERVIEW OF CONTAMINANTS IN AGRICULTURE



Chapter 01: Organic and Inorganic Fertilizer Contaminants in Agriculture: Impact on Soil and Water Resources



I.Rashmi1, Trisha Roy2, K.S. Kartika3, Rama Pal4, Vassanda Coumar5, S. Kala6 and K.C. Shinogi7



1Scientist, Soil Chemistry and Fertility, IISWC, Research Centre, Kota, India Email: rashmisac@rediffmail.com; 2Scientist, Soil Chemistry and Fertility, IISWC, Dehradun, India Email: trisha17.24@gmail.com; 3Scientist, Soil Chemistry and Fertility, CPCRI, Research Centre, Vittal, India Email: kskavukattu@gmail.com; 4Scientist, Environmental Science, IISWC, Research Centre, Agra, India Email: rama.env@gmail.com; 5Scientist, Soil Chemistry and Fertility, IISS, Bhopal, India Email: vassanda.coumar@gmail.com; 6Scientist, Agriculture extension, IISS, Bhopal, India Email: shinojikallely@gmail.com; 7Scientist, Forestry, IISWC, Research Centre, Kota, India kalaforestry@gmail.com



Chapter 02: Role of Nutrients in Plant Growth and Development



Preksha Shrivastav, Akbar Ali, Mrinalini Prasad, Teg Bahadur Singh, Arti Yadav, Deepika Goyal, Prem Kumar Dantu*



Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Agra-5, India, Email: premdantu@gmail.com



Chapter 03: Practice and Impact of Pesticides in Agricultural Crops




Sushil Ahlawat



Department of Microbiology, College of Basic Sciences and Humanities, CCS HAU, HISAR, India Email: sushilahlawat08@gmail.com



Chapter 04: Response of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers on Soil Microbial Population and Yield of Plants




Teg Bahadur Singh



Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Dayalbagh Agra - 282005



Chapter 05: An Overview of the Effect of Heavy Metals on Soil and Plant Growth




Deepika Goyal, Arti Yadav, Mrinalini Prasad, Teg Bhadur Singh, Preksha Shrivastava, Akbar Ali, Prem Kumar Dantu, Sushma Mishra*



Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Agra-5, India *Email: sushmamishra87@gmail.com



Chapter 06: Effect of Acid Rain on Crop Plants and its Mitigation Approaches




Golam Jalal Ahammed



Henan University of Science and Technology



Luoyang City, Henan, China



Email: ahammed@zju.edu.cn



SECTION-B: SOURCES OF CONTAMINANTS AND THEIR IMPACTS ON AGRICULTURE




Chapter 07: Heavy metals: Their Sources, Toxicity, Mechanism and Health Effects




Ayesha Siddiqa and Muhammad Faisal



Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan Email: mohdfaysal@yahoo.com



Chapter 08: Heavy Metal Induced Gene Expression in Plants




Abdul Razaque Memon



Professor and Head, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Faculty of Science and Arts, Usak University, Bir Eylul Kampus, 64200 Usak/Merkez, Turkey



E mail: abdulrezzak.memon@gmail.com; armemon@usak.edu.tr



Chapter 09: Nano-contaminants: Sources and Impact on Agriculture




Mrinalini Prasad, Anamika Gupta, Akbar Ali and Rajiv Ranjan*



Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Dayalbagh Educational Institute (Deemed University), Dayalbagh, Agra-282005, India, Email: rajivranjanbt@gmail.com



Chapter 10: Heavy Metal Toxicity and Tolerance in Crop Plants




M. Affan Baig, Sadia Qamar1, Arlene Asthana Ali1, Javed Ahmad1, M. Irfan Qureshi1



Proteomics and Bioinformatics Lab, Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi.



Email: affan.mac@gmail.com



SECTION C- MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES: UTILIZATION, ENGINEERED APPLICATIONS AND BIOREMEDIATION OF AGRICULTURAL CONTAMINANTS




Chapter 11: Planning and Engineering Applications of Agricultural Wastes and their Remediation Strategies




Hera Naheed Khan and Muhammad Faisal



Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.



Email: mohdfaysal@yahoo.com



Chapter 12: The Use of Constructed Wetlands to Mitigate Pollution from Agricultural Runoff




Alexandros I. Stefanakis



Tender Manager - Constructed Wetlands Expert, BAUER Resources GmbH, Muscat, Oman



Visiting Lecturer, Department of Engineering, German University of Technology in Oman, Oman Email: stefanakis.alexandros@gmail.com; alexandros.stefanakis@bauer.de



Chapter 13: Role of Nitrogen and Agricultural Management in Changing Environment




Amit Sharma



Department of Botany, Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Dayalbagh, Agra-5, India



Email: amit_bio80@yahoo.com



Chapter 14: Efficient Biotransformation of Agricultural Waste in India




Mrinalini Prasad



Department of Botany, Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Dayalbagh, Agra-5, India



Email: mrinu.prasad.raj@gmail.com



Chapter 15: Impact of Bio-fertilizers/ Mineral Fertilizers on Crop Production under Contaminated Soils



Indu Rialch



PAU, Ludhiana Punjab-141004



Email: indudehal10@gmail.com



Chapter 16: Nutrient Management for Medicinal Plants grown in Calcareous Soils




Mohammad Idrees1, M. Naeem2, Tariq Aftab2 and M Masroor A Khan2



1Department of Mathematics and Sciences, College of Arts and Applied Sciences, Dhofar University, PO Box 2509, PC 211, Salalah, Sultanate of Oman



2.Plant Physiology Section, Department of Botany, AMU, Aligarh - 202002, UP, India



Email: midress@du.edu.om



Chapter 17: Intimidating Effects of Heavy Metals on Mentha Species and Its Mitigation Using Scientific Approaches



Aarifa Nabi, M. Naeem*, Tariq Aftab and M. Masroor A. Khan



Plant Physiology Section, Department of Botany, AMU, Aligarh - 202002, UP, India



*Email: naeemgaur@gmail.com



Chapter 18: Impact of Heavy Metals on Catharanthus roseus and Its Amelioration through Conceivable Approaches




M. Masridur Alam



Department of Botany, Malda College, Malda, India



Email: alam281@gmail.com



Chapter 19: Role of Cobalt in Plants: Its Stress and Alleviation




Arshiya Akeel and Ajmat Jahan and M. Masroor A. Khan



Plant Physiology Section, Department of Botany, AMU, Aligarh - 202002, UP, India



Email: arsh.aqeel@gmail.com



Chapter 20: Phytoremediation of Contaminated Soils of Mining Areas




Tiziana Lai



Department of Geoengineering and Environmental Technologies, University of Cagliari, Italy.



E-mail: lai.tiziana@gmail.com







SECTION D- APPROACHES AND CHALLENGES FOR CROP PROTECTION AND PRODUCTION UNDER CONTAMINATED SOILS



Chapter 21: Bioremediation of Toxic Pollutants: Features, Strategies and Applications




Arti Yadav, Deepika Goyal, Mrinalini Prasad, Teg Bahadur Singh, Preksha Shrivastav, Akbar Ali, Prem Kumar Dantu*



Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Agra-5, India Email: premdantu@gmail.com



Chapter 22: Ecological Implications of Atmospheric Nutrient Deposition in Low-Nutrient Ecosystems




Nishanta Rajakaruna and Mary Devlin



Associate Professor in Plant Biology, Biological Sciences Department, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA 93407, USA Email: nrajakaruna@coa.edu



Chapter 23: Utilization of Sericulture Waste by Employing Possible Approaches




Manjunath RN, Amit Kumar, KP Arun Kumar



Central Muga Eri Research & Training Institute, Central Silk Board, Lahdoigarh, Assam, India



E-mail: amit_bio80@yahoo.com



Chapter 24: Inimical Effects of Arsenic on the Plant Physiology and Possible Biotechnological Solutions to Mitigate Arsenic Induced Toxicity




Pinki Sharma1, Monika, Khushboo Goyal1, Tarun Kumar1 & Nar Singh Chauhan1*



Department of Biochemistry, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak, Haryana, India



Email: narsinghc@gmail.com



Chapter 25: The Use of Vermicompost Leachate for Irrigation in Two South American Plant Species




G. Basilico



Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia" - CONICET
Av. Angel Gallardo 470 - C1405DJR - Buenos Aires - Argentina



E-mail: gabrielomarbasilico@hotmail.com

Index

Om forfatteren

Dr. M. Naeem is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Botany at Aligarh Muslim University, India. For more than a decade, he has devoted his research to improving the yield and quality of commercially important medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs). His research focuses on escalating the production of MAPs and their active principles using a novel and safe technique involving depolymerized polysaccharides as well as the application of potent PGRs. His research also focuses on abiotic stress tolerance in medicinal plants. To date, Dr. Naeem has successfully run three major research projects as the Principal Investigator sponsored by national funding agencies like Department of Science & Technology, New Delhi and Council of Science & Technology UP, Lucknow. Dr. Naeem has published more than 80 research papers in reputable national and international journals as well as seven books. He has also participated in various national and international conferences and acquired life memberships to various scientific bodies in India and abroad. Based on his research contributions, Dr. Naeem has been awarded a Research Associateship from the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research, New Delhi; a Yuva Vaigyanic Samman (2011) from the State Government of Uttar Pradesh; a Fast Track Young Scientist Award from the Department of Science & Technology, India; a Rashtriya Gaurav Award (2016) from the International Friendship Society, New Delhi, a Young Scientist of the Year Award (2015), a Distinguished Young Scientist of the Year Award (2017) & a Best Scientist of the Year Award (2018) from the Scientific and Environmental Research Institute, Kolkata; and UGC-BSR Research Start-up Grant (2018) by UGC, New Delhi

Dr. Abid A. Ansari is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. Dr. Ansari's research work is concerned with phytoremediation and eutrophication. He has a number of research articles of national and international repute to his credit. He has written 10 edited books and a number of book chapters on varied aspects of his research. He has been awarded Environmentalist of the Year - 2011' & 'Scientist of the Year-2014' by the National Environmental Science Academy, India and 'Research Excellence 2016 Award' by University of Tabuk. He has also participated in various national and international conferences and acquired memberships to various scientific bodies (Saudi Biological Society, International Phytotechnology Society, and Society for Ecological Restoration).

Sarvajeet Singh Gill, serving as an Assistant Professor at Centre for Biotechnology, MD University, Rohtak, India, has made significant contributions towards abiotic stress tolerance in crop plants. His research includes abiotic stress tolerance in crop plants, reactive oxygen species signaling and antioxidant machinery, gene expression, helicases, crop improvement, transgenics, nitrogen & sulfur metabolism and plant fungal symbiotic interactions. Together with Dr. Narendra Tuteja at International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), New Delhi, he worked on plant helicases and discovered a novel function of plant MCM6, PDH45 and p68 in salinity stress tolerance that will help improve crop production at sub-optimal conditions. A recipient of the Junior Scientist of the Year Award 2008 from the National Environmental Science Academy, Dr. Gill has edited several books and has a number of research papers, review articles, and book chapters to his name.