Water Resources Quality

Preserving the Quality of our Water Resources

Hillel Rubin (Redaktør) ; Peter Nachtnebel (Redaktør) ; Josef Furst (Redaktør) ; U. Shamir (Redaktør)

Water Resources Quality

This monograph results from the 4th International Austrian-Israeli Technion Symposium cum Industrial Forum under the banner of the Austrian Technion Society initiative Technology for Peace - Science for Mankind, which was held in Vienna, 23 - 25 April 200 I, devoted to Preservation of the Quality of our Water Resources. Les mer
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Water Resources Quality

This monograph results from the 4th International Austrian-Israeli Technion Symposium cum Industrial Forum under the banner of the Austrian Technion Society initiative Technology for Peace - Science for Mankind, which was held in Vienna, 23 - 25 April 200 I, devoted to Preservation of the Quality of our Water Resources. The Symposium was a cooperative effort with the Austrian Federal Ministry of Education and Science and Culture, and the Austrian Federal Ministry of Economy and Labor. The program was structured and managed by a joint Program Committee incorporating the editors of this monograph, who are faculty members from the Stephan and Nancy Grand Water Research Institute at the Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, and the University of Agricultural Sciences (Bodenkultur) of Vienna. The Symposium attracted participation from universities, research institutes, industries, and national authorities from Austria, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Jordan, Palestinian Autonomy, Poland, Russia, Spain, Turkey, USA, and Uzbekistan. The Symposium topics were of major international interest, and talks were at a high professional level. Therefore, I have gladly accepted the initiative of the Symposium Program Committee to extend and expand manuscripts of special merit to chapters of this monograph, whose title is identical to that of the Symposium. Out of the 39 papers presented at the Symposium, 24 papers were selected for inclusion in this monograph, according to their scientific merit and quality of contribution to the overall subject. Those selected were expanded and subjected to peer review for inclusion in this Volume.

I Preserving the Quality of Groundwater.- 1 Evaluation and Modeling of the Impact of Environmentally Friendly Fertilization Techniques.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Experiments with Environmentally Friendly Fertilization Techniques.- 2.1 Inhibition of Nitrification Experimental Work.- 2.2 Controlled-Release Fertilizers.- 3 Modeling Nitrogen Dynamics.- 3.1 Basic Data and Factors Used in the Simulations.- 3.2 Effectiveness of EFFPs Under Broadcasting.- 3.3 Effect of Fertilizer Broadcasting and Banding on N Leaching and N Uptake.- 3.4 Interaction of EFFPs with Banding.- 4 Summary and Conclusions.- References.- 2 Identifying Soil and Transport Properties Using a Mode of Infiltration-Redistribution Flow and Transport in the Unsaturated Zone.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Brief Description of the Field Experiment.- 3 Flow and Transport Model.- 3.1 Solution for a Single Column.- 3.2 Statistical Averaging.- 3.3 Identifying Parameters and Intervals of Confidence.- 4 Results.- 5 Summary.- References.- 3 Spatial Modeling of Nitrogen Leaching.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Materials and Methods.- 2.1 Database.- 2.2 EPIC (Environmental Policy Integrated Climate).- 2.3 Empiric Formula.- 3 GIS Application.- 4 Results and Discussion.- 5 Summary and Conclusions.- Notation.- References.- 4 The Effect of Fractures on the Reclamation of NAPL Contaminated Aquifers.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Conceptual Model.- 3 Basic Formulation.- 4 The Simulation Method.- 5 Simulation of Aquifer Remediation.- 5.1 Simulation Parameters.- 5.2 Characteristics of Aquifer Remediation.- 5.3 Influence of the Flow Rate.- 5.4 Influence of Surfactant Additives.- 6 Summary and Conclusions.- Notation.- References.- 5 Numerical Simulation as a Tool to Improve Subsurface Flow Constructed Wetlands for Water Treatment.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Simulation of Constructed Wetlands.- 2.1 Migration Models.- 2.2 The Flow Model.- 2.3 The Transport Model.- 2.4 The Multicomponent Reactive Transport Model CW2D.- 3 Results and Discussion.- 4 Summary and Conclusions.- Notation.- References.- II Preserving the Quality of Surface Water.- 6 Water Quality Monitoring in Russian Rivers: Results of a Case Study on the Pollution Situation of the Rivers Moskva and Oka.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Material and Methods.- 2.1 Study Site.- 2.2 Methodology.- 2.3 Water-Quality Targets.- 3 Results and Discussion.-

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