Asset Management at Central Banks and Monetary Authorities - 
      Jacob Bjorheim

Asset Management at Central Banks and Monetary Authorities

New Practices in Managing International Foreign Exchange Reserves

Jacob Bjorheim (Redaktør)

In response to the Global Financial Crisis and the COVID-19 pandemic, central banks have used all available instruments in their monetary policy tool-kit to avoid financial market disruptions and a collapse in real economic activities. Les mer
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In response to the Global Financial Crisis and the COVID-19 pandemic, central banks have used all available instruments in their monetary policy tool-kit to avoid financial market disruptions and a collapse in real economic activities. These actions have expanded the size of their balance sheets and altered the composition of the asset-side. This edited book highlights how these assets are managed, providing an intellectual and practical contribution to an under-researched field of central bank responsibilities. It first reviews the sources and uses of domestic and international assets and how they complement-or possibly conflict with-the implementation of monetary policy goals. Next, the book examines the asset management mandate in a balance sheet context before turning to the investment decision-making process from strategic and tactical asset allocation to investment strategies, risk management, governance, reporting and control. Finally, it presents new developments in the field of managing assets at central banks. The individual chapters are written by central bankers, academics, and representatives from International Financial Institutions, each representing a particular aspect of the asset management practice.
Practical and powerful insights from a hall of fame of investors, central bankers and scholars, are packed into this one volume. If you could have only one book on central bank asset management, this would be it. -Peter R. Fisher, Clinical Professor, Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth
Jacob Bjorheim draws on his long experience in sovereign asset management to pull together a rich collection of insights from a broad range of expertise. Asset management at central banks has evolved and expanded considerably over the past decade. This book is a timely source of information and guidance. -Guy Debelle, Deputy Governor, Reserve Bank of Australia
Central bank balance sheets have grown at a tremendous pace over the last decade and a half. Drawing on contributions from scholars and experienced central bankers from around the world, this timely and insightful book sheds light on how central banks are, and should be, managing their growing balance sheets. -Kjell G. Nyborg, Chaired Professor of Finance, University of Zurich, Author of Collateral Frameworks: The Open Secret of Central Banks
Central banks and monetary authorities are charged with, and being held accountable for, managing portfolios of foreign currency assets of unprecedented size. The essays in this admirable book, written by some of the worlds most highly experienced officials, cover the full range of why and how this is currently being done and how new developments are affecting old practices. Interesting conceptually and immensely useful practically. -William White, Senior Fellow at the C.D. Howe Institute, former Head of the Monetary and Economic Department with the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) and chairman of the Economic and Development Review Committee at the OECD
An excellent and timely review of modern international reserve management, which ought to be read by everyone working with, or simply interested in, international asset management and finance as well as monetary and economic policy. The spectrum of authors is broad and their combined insight is very valuable. -Tom A. Fearnley, Investment Director, Norwegian Ministry of Finance
With "Asset Management at Central Banks and Monetary Authorities", Jacob Bjorheim has achieved an editorial tour de force. The book assembles the insightful views of the leading experts in the field, both from an academic and practitioners' perspective. It bridges the gap between the macroeconomics of central banks and the financial management of their reserves. A must read to understand how central banks are special in the group of institutional investors. -Eric Bouye, Head of Asset Allocation and Quantitative Strategies, Treasury Department, The World Bank
The balance sheet is a large and important toolbox for any central bank and specifically the foreign exchange reserves constitute one the more powerful of these tools. This book provides excellent insight in the various perspectives of managing reserves at a central bank. -Heidi Elmer, Director of Markets Department, Severiges Riksbank
The world of international reserves has changed since the global financial crisis. In this volume, Jacob Bjorheim has assembled a stellar cast of experts to explain how and what that means for reserves management. With chapter authors like Andrew Ang, Jennifer Johnson-Calari, Robert McCauley, Ravi Menon, Simon Potter and Philip Turner, it is a book that every reserve manager must read. -Eli Remolona, Professor of Finance and Director of Central Banking, Asia School of Business in collaboration with MIT Sloan
Jacob Bjorheim has succeeded in bringing together a first-class team of experts, and organising their contributions in an articulated journey from the central banks' policy mandate to their asset management practices. An indispensable post-crisis update of the subject and a a required reading for anyone professionally involved with central bank's asset management, or simply curious about a topic benefitting otherwise from limited research. -Louis de Montpellier, Former Global Head, Official Institutions Group, SSGA, and former Deputy Head, Banking Department, Bank for International Settlements (BIS), Basel
At last, a book that shares with a wider audience, deep insight in a unique, challenging and ethical approach of asset management developed and implemented in the secretive world of central banks. If you wonder how to manage funds that stand ready for use at short notice in times of stress then this book is for you. Two features make it such a valuable read and a must-have reference: First, the very comprehensive list of themes covered from a rich diversity of angles. Second, the very impressive list of prominent institutions and authors that have contributed and shared their analysis and practical approaches of the issues presented. What is better than to get the information directly from first-hand practitioners, experts and managers themselves in their own words? -Jean-Pierre Matt, Former Head of Financial Analysis at the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) and founder of Quanteis
This book holds the promise to become the go-to guide for anyone wishing to learn more about the management of official foreign exchange reserves. Central bankers in particular, but also those providing services to central banks, will find benefit from the broad scope in subject matter and varied perspectives being presented. I am yet to see a compendium on official reserve management with similar reach in subject matter. -Leon Myburgh, Former Head Financial Markets Department, South African Reserve Bank (SARB), Pretoria
This is an immensely timely book at a time when central bank operations, and their balance sheets, remain "larger for longer". Following the Financial Crisis 10 years ago, and with the Covid-19 Recession about to break, central bank balance sheets are at the forefront of the authorities' response to economic issues as never before. Yet the management of their now large-scale assets remains a little known and little studied area. The authors of this book combine extensive technical and practical experience, and their observations will fill an important gap in the literature at a critical time. -Freyr Hermannsson, Former Head of Treasury, Central Bank of Iceland, Reykjavik
Forlag: Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Innbinding: Innbundet
Språk: Engelsk
Sider: 484
ISBN: 9783030434564
Format: 24 x 16 cm

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“This excellent book fills a critical gap that has existed since the IMF guidelines were revised. It offers important insights and learning for those interested in the practicalities of asset management, how that is evolving and may continue to change, and the interface between the operation of monetary policy and the financial management of official asset portfolios.” (Graeme Wheeler, Central Banking,, February 18, 2021)


Chapter 1. Asset Management at Central Banks and Monetary Authorities.- Chapter 2. Central Banks: Gatekeepers of Monetary Stability and Guardians of Public Interest.- Chapter 3. Larger Central Bank Balance Sheets: A New Normal for Monetary Policy?- Chapter 4. How Countries Manage Large Central Bank Balance Sheets.- Chapter 5. Reserve Accumulation, Sovereign Debt and Exchange Rate Policy.- Chapter 6. The cost of holding foreign exchange reserves.- Chapter 7. Saudi Arabian Monetary Authority: Why do central banks hold domestic and foreign currency assets?- Chapter 8. Safe assets: Made, not just born.- Chapter 9. Expansion and contraction of central bank balance sheets: Implications for commercial banks.- Chapter 10. Management of Canada's Foreign Exchange Reserves.- Chapter 11. How the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) manages its assets.- Chapter 12. The South African Reserve Bank's Strategic Asset Allocation Value Chain.- Chapter 13. European Central Bank: The investment decision-making process and its governance.- Chapter 14. Reserves management at Danmarks National Bank: Combining liquidity tiers with an adaptive risk budget.- Chapter 15. The Swiss National Bank's investment decision-making process from a safe-haven currency perspective.- Chapter 16. The Strategic Asset Allocation Framework of Banco de Mexico.- Chapter 17. Macro risk management in a commodity-dependent economy: The case of the Central Bank of Chile.- Chapter 18. Dynamic Strategic Asset Allocation at the National Bank of Belgium: Why and how to implement it in a central bank.- Chapter 19. Central Bank of Lithuania: Asset allocation in a risk parity framework.- Chapter 20. Good Governance: Principles, Pitfalls and Best Practice.- Chapter 21. Central Bank of Brazil: Investment decision-making in an integrated risk management framework.- Chapter 22. Governance, Risk Management, Reporting, and Control at the Central Bank of Columbia.- Chapter 23. Foreign exchange reserves at the National Bank of Poland: Adequacy, risk-budgets, tranching and financial implications.- Chapter 24. Central Banks as Bankers to Each Other: Overview, Trends, and Future Directions in Global Official Sector Service Provision.- Chapter 25. Modern central bank reserves management: Introduction and overview.- Chapter 26. Bank of Israel: Integrating equities into the foreign exchange reserves.- Chapter 27. Renminbi securities in portfolios of official institutions: A perspective from the Hong Kong Monetary Authority.- Chapter 28. Responsible Investment and central bank asset management.- Chapter 29. BlackRock: Reserves Management with Factors and Reference Portfolios.
Jacob Bjorheim is a Lecturer at the University of Basel in the Faculty of Business and Economics, a Visiting Fellow in the Department of Banking and Finance at the University of Zurich and a member of the Investment Committee at the CERN Pension Fund in Geneva. Previously, from 2007 to 2017, he was Head of Asset Management at the Bank for International Settlements (BIS): He holds a PhD from London School of Economics and is a CFA charterholder.