Why Children Follow Rules

Legal Socialization and the Development of Legitimacy

; Rick Trinkner

Legal socialization is the process by which children and adolescents acquire their law related values, attitudes, and reasoning capacities. Such values and attitudes, in particular legitimacy, underlie the ability and willingness to consent to laws and defer to legal authorities that make legitimacy based legal systems possible. Les mer
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Om boka

Legal socialization is the process by which children and adolescents acquire their law related values, attitudes, and reasoning capacities. Such values and attitudes, in particular legitimacy, underlie the ability and willingness to consent to laws and defer to legal authorities that make legitimacy based legal systems possible. By age eighteen a person's orientation toward law is largely established, yet legal scholarship has largely ignored this process in favor
of studying adults and their relationship to the law.

Why Children Follow Rules focuses upon legal socialization outlining what is known about the process across three related, but distinct, contexts: the family, the school, and the juvenile justice system. Throughout, Tom Tyler and Rick Trinkner emphasize the degree to which individuals develop their orientations toward law and legal authority upon values connected to responsibility and obligation as opposed to fear of punishment. They argue that authorities can act in ways that
internalize legal values and promote supportive attitudes. In particular, consensual legal authority is linked to three issues: how authorities make decisions, how they treat people, and whether they recognize the boundaries of their authority. When individuals experience authority that is fair, respectful, and
aware of the limits of power, they are more likely to consent and follow directives.

Despite clear evidence showing the benefits of consensual authority, strong pressures and popular support for the exercise of authority based on dominance and force persist in America's families, schools, and within the juvenile justice system. As the currently low levels of public trust and confidence in the police, the courts, and the law undermine the effectiveness of our legal system, Tom Tyler and Rick Trinkner point to alternative way to foster the popular legitimacy of the law in an era
of mistrust.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

Acknowledgements
Part I: Introduction
Chapter 1: Legal Socialization and the Elements of Legitimacy
Chapter 2: General Approaches to Legal Socialization
Chapter 3: Legal Socialization across the Life Course
Part II: Models of Legal Socialization
Chapter 4: Developing Values and Attitudes about the Law
Chapter 5: The Development of Legal Reasoning
Chapter 6: Neurological Development and Legal Competency
Part III: Legal Socialization across the Spheres of Childhood and Adolescence
Chapter 7: Legal Socialization in the Family
Chapter 8: Legal Socialization in the School
Chapter 9: Legal Socialization in the Juvenile Justice System
Part IV: Conclusions & Final Thoughts
Notes
References
Index

Om forfatteren

Tom R. Tyler is the Macklin Fleming Professor of Law and Professor of Psychology at Yale University.

Rick Trinkner is Assistant Professor in the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Arizona State University.