Advances in Experimental and Genetic Mineralogy

Special Publication to 50th Anniversary of DS Korzhinskii Institute of Experimental Mineralogy of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Yuriy Litvin (Redaktør) ; Oleg Safonov (Redaktør)

This book presents fundamental experimental data and experiment-based theoretical conclusions on, as well as physico-chemical models of, the natural hydrothermal, metasomatic, metamorphic, magmatic and ore-producing processes in the Earth's crust, upper mantle, transition zone and lower mantle. Les mer
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Leveringstid: Sendes innen 21 dager

Om boka

This book presents fundamental experimental data and experiment-based theoretical conclusions on, as well as physico-chemical models of, the natural hydrothermal, metasomatic, metamorphic, magmatic and ore-producing processes in the Earth's crust, upper mantle, transition zone and lower mantle. The topics discussed concern the interactions of oil and aqueous fluids as revealed by aqueous-hydrocarbonic inclusions in synthetic quartz and applied to the natural evolution of oil; determining the solubility and inter-phase partitioning of trace and strategic elements and their components; and experimentally validating physico-chemical mechanisms in the ultrabasic-basic evolution of deep-mantle magmatic and diamond-forming systems. In addition, the book presents experimental studies on the physico-chemical properties of supercritical water and hydrothermal fluids, viscosity of acidic ultramafic magmatic materials melts, peculiarities of metamorphism in basic rocks, kinetics of mineral nucleation in silicate melts and hydrothermal solutions, and influence of complex H2O-CO2-HCl fluids on melting relations in mantle-crust rocks, together with novel results and conclusions. Given its scope, the book will be of great interest to all Earth scientists, lecturers and students specialized in experimental and genetic mineralogy, petrology and geochemistry.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

1. Phase Composition and States of Water-Hydrocarbon Fluids at Elevated and High Temperatures and Pressures (Experiment with the Use of Synthetic Fluid Inclusions).- 2. Experimental studies of hydrothermal fluid.- 3. Influence of Silicate Substance on Pyrochlore and Tantalite Solubility in Fluoride Aqueous Solutions (Experimental Studies).- 4. Experimental and Theoretical Studies of the Viscosity of the Fluid Magmatic Systems in Conjuction with the Structure of Melts at the Thermodynamic Parameters of the Earth's Crust and Upper Mantle.- 5. Crystallization of CPX in the Ab-Di System under the Oscillating Temperature: Contrast Dynamic Modes at Different Periods of Oscillation.- 6. Solubility and Volatility of Moo3 in High-Temperature Aqueous Solutions.- 7. Experimental Determination of Ferberite Solubility in the KCl-HCl-H2o System at 400-500 DegreesC and 20-100 Mpa.- 8. Evolution of Mantle Magmatism and Formation of the Ultrabasic-Basic Rock Series: Importance of Peritectic Reactions of the Rock-Forming Minerals.- 9. Form tion of K-Cr Titanates from Reactions of Chromite and Ilmenite/Rutile with Potassic Aqueous-Carbonic Fluid: Experiment at 5 Gpa and Applications to the Mantle Metasomatism.- 10. How Biopolymers Control the Kinetics of Calcite Precipitation from Aqueous Solutions.- 11. The Evolutionary Types of Magmatic Complexes and Experimental Modeling Differentiation Trends.- 12. Influence of C-O-H-Cl-Fluids on Melting Phase Relastions of the System Peridotite-Basalt: Experiments at 4.0 Gpa.- 13. Inter-Phase Partitioning of Pb and Zn in Granitoid Fluid-Magmatic Systems: Experimental Study.- 14. Experimental Study of Amphibolization of the Basic Rocks of the Tiksheozersky Massif (Northern Karelia, Russia).

Om forfatteren

Oleg G. Safonov is Director of the Korzhinskii Institute of Experimental Mineralogy, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia (since 2017), an Honored Young Professor of the Russian Academy of Science (since 2015), Professor at the Department of Petrology, Geological Faculty of Moscow State University, Russia, and Visiting Professor at the Department of Geology, University of Johannesburg, South Africa. Holding a Ph.D. (1997) and postdoctoral degree (2007) from Moscow State University, Prof. Safonov's research and teaching focus on various fields of magmatic and metamorphic petrology, experimental petrology, mineralogy and geochemistry, mineral thermodynamics and geothermobarometry. His recent publications in peer-reviewed journals concern the petrology, geochemistr