Food Aid in Sudan

A History of Power, Politics and Profit

In 2004, the UN's Humanitarian Coordinator for Sudan called Darfur the world's worst humanitarian crisis. A comprehensive food aid programme soon followed, at the time the largest in the world. Yet by 2014, while the crisis continued, international agencies found they had limited access to much of the population, with the Sudanese regime effectively controlling who received aid. Les mer
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Om boka

In 2004, the UN's Humanitarian Coordinator for Sudan called Darfur the world's worst humanitarian crisis. A comprehensive food aid programme soon followed, at the time the largest in the world. Yet by 2014, while the crisis continued, international agencies found they had limited access to much of the population, with the Sudanese regime effectively controlling who received aid. As a result, acute malnutrition remains persistently high.

Food Aid in Sudan argues that the situation in Sudan is emblematic of a far wider problem. Analysing the history of food aid in the country over fifty years, Jaspars shows that such aid often serves to enrich local regimes and the private sector while leaving war-torn populations in a state of permanent emergency. Drawing on her decades of experience as an aid worker and researcher in the region, and extensive interviews with workers in the food aid process, Jaspars brings together two key topics of our time: the failure of the humanitarian system to respond to today's crises, and the crisis in the global food system.

Essential reading for students and researchers across the social sciences studying the nature and effectiveness of contemporary humanitarianism, development and international aid.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

Preface
1. Introduction: Food Aid and Power


The Crisis in Sudan
What is Food Aid?
Analysing Food Aid, Power and Governance
Food Aid in Sudan
The Challenges of Fieldwork in Sudan


2. From Managing States and Supporting Livelihoods to Abandoning Populations


Managing States: Food Aid to Strengthen States and Benefit Donors
Managing Lives: Food Aid to Save Lives and Protect Livelihoods
Abandoning Populations: Food Aid, Global Instability and Resilience
Conclusions


3. Food Aid in Sudan: Government and Private Sector Response


Sudan's Protracted Crisis: Food, Governance and Inequality
The Early Years of Food Aid in Sudan: Urban Food Subsidies, Uneven Development and Refugees
Changes in Quantities and Types of International Food Aid in Sudan
The Famines of the 1980s and the Manipulation of Food Aid
Islamism, Self-sufficiency and War
Control over International Agencies and the Sudanisation of Food Aid
Conclusions


4. The Effects of Food Aid Practices in North Darfur


An Overview of Drought, Famine and Conflict in North Darfur
Food Aid in Response to Drought and Famine (the 1980s and 1990s)
The Darfur Crisis: Food Aid in the Early Years (2003-07)
The Later Years (2008-14): Reduced Food Aid and Access Restrictions
Indirect Effects of Reduced Food Aid
Are People Still Coping?
Conclusions


5. Perceptions of Food Aid: Politics, Dependency and Denial of Permanent Emergency


A Country of Food Aid Experts
The Government View of Food Aid
International Agencies: De-politicisation and Abandonment
International Agencies: The Denial of Permanent Emergency
Alternative Perceptions of Food Aid: Politics, War and Economic Benefits
Conclusions


6. Conclusions


What Brought about Change?
Continuities?
Impact of Food Aid Practices in Sudan's Protracted Emergency
Implications for Humanitarian and Food Aid Operations


Appendix 1: Chronology of Key Political Events in Sudan

Om forfatteren

Susanne Jaspars has worked in the field of humanitarian aid for over thirty years, both as a practitioner and researcher. She has worked for Medecins sans Frontieres, Oxfam, and the World Food Programme, in countries across east and central Africa. She has also conducted research for the Overseas Development Institute, and currently serves on the editorial board of the International Humanitarian Studies Association. Her previous works include Nutrition Matters: People, Food and Famine (co-authored with Helen Young, 1995).