Analytical Techniques in the Oil and Gas Industry for Environmental Monitoring

Melissa N. Dunkle (Redaktør) ; William L. Winniford (Redaktør)

A thorough introduction to environmental monitoring in the oil and gas industry


Analytical Techniques in the Oil and Gas Industry for Environmental Monitoring examines the analytical side of the oil and gas industry as it also provides an overall introduction to the industry. Les mer
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Legg i
Vår pris: 2498,-

(Innbundet) Fri frakt!
Leveringstid: Sendes innen 21 dager
På grunn av Brexit-tilpasninger og tiltak for å begrense covid-19 kan det dessverre oppstå forsinket levering.

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A thorough introduction to environmental monitoring in the oil and gas industry


Analytical Techniques in the Oil and Gas Industry for Environmental Monitoring examines the analytical side of the oil and gas industry as it also provides an overall introduction to the industry. You'll discover how oil and natural gas are sourced, refined, and processed. You can learn about what's produced from oil and natural gas, and why evaluating these sourced resources is important.


The book discusses the conventional analyses for oil and natural gas feeds, along with their limitations. It offers detailed descriptions of advanced analytical techniques that are commercially available, plus explanations of gas and oil industry equipment and instrumentation. You'll find technique descriptions supplemented with a list of references as well as with real-life application examples. With this book as a reference, you can prepare to apply specific analytical methods in your organization's lab environment. Analytical Techniques can also serve as your comprehensive resource on key techniques in the characterization of oil and gas samples, within both refinery and environmental contexts.





Understand of the scope of oil and gas industry techniques available

Consider the benefits and limitations of each available process

Prepare for applying analytical techniques in your lab

See real examples and a list of references for each technique

Read descriptions of off-line analytics, as well as on-line and process applications



As a chemist, engineer, instructor, or student, this book will also expand your awareness of the role these techniques have in environmental monitoring and environmental impact assessments.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

Part I Scope 1


1 Introduction 3
Melissa N. Dunkle and William L. Winniford


1.1 Introduction 3


1.1.1 Petroleum Cycle 3


1.1.2 Well-Known Cases of Environmental Contamination 4


1.1.2.1 Oil-Drilling Rig Deepwater Horizon 4


1.1.2.2 Sanchi Oil Tanker Collision 6


1.1.3 Summary 6


1.2 Petroleum 7


1.3 Analytics 9


1.4 Reservoir Tracers 12


1.5 Emissions from the Petroleum Industry 12


1.6 Environmental Analysis and Monitoring 14


1.7 Conclusions 17


References 17


Part II Introduction to the Petroleum Industry 21


2 Petroleum: From Wells to Wheels 23
Clifford C. Walters, Steven W. Levine, and Frank C. Wang


2.1 Introduction 23


2.2 Petroleum in the Ancient World 23


2.3 The Petroleum System 28


2.3.1 Source Rocks 28


2.3.2 Generation of Petroleum 34


2.3.3 Migration and Accumulation 35


2.4 The Upstream 37


2.4.1 Exploration 37


2.4.1.1 Play and Prospect Evaluation 38


2.4.1.2 Predicting Petroleum Quantity and Quality 43


2.4.2 Drilling 45


2.4.2.1 Development of Drilling Technology 46


2.4.2.2 Modern Drilling Practices 49


2.4.2.3 Well Logging 52


2.4.2.4 Development 57


2.4.3 Production 58


2.4.3.1 Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Production 58


2.4.3.2 Surface Oil Sands 61


2.4.3.3 Unconventional Resources 61


2.4.3.4 Plug and Abandonment 66


2.5 Mid-Stream 67


2.5.1 Transportation 67


2.5.2 Storage 70


2.6 Downstream 72


2.6.1 Evolution of Modern Refining 72


2.6.2 Modern Refinery Processes 73


2.6.2.1 Crude Oil Pretreatment 75


2.6.2.2 Separation 75


2.6.2.3 Conversion 81


2.6.2.4 Purification 95


2.6.2.5 Sweetening and Treating 100


2.6.3 Fuel Products 102


2.6.3.1 Mogas (Motor Gasoline) 103


2.6.3.2 Diesel 104


2.6.3.3 Jet Fuels/Kerosene 106


2.6.3.4 Fuel Oil 106


2.6.3.5 Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) 107


2.7 Petrochemicals 107


2.7.1 Olefins: Prime and Higher Olefins 107


2.7.2 Aromatics 109


2.7.3 Lubes 109


2.7.4 Other Products 110


2.8 The Future of Petroleum 110


References 112


Part III Analytical Techniques Utilized in the Petroleum Industry 121


3 Petroleum Analysis Through Conventional Analytical Techniques 123
Melissa N. Dunkle and William L. Winniford


3.1 Introduction to Petroleum Analysis 123


3.2 Brief History on Petroleum Analysis 123

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