Manuel Cruz launches a nuanced study of memory and forgetting, defining their forms and uses, political meanings, and social
and historical implications. Memory is not an intrinsically positive phenomenon, he argues, but an impressionable and malleable
one, used to advance a variety of agendas. Cruz focuses on five memory models: that which is inherently valuable; that which
legitimizes the present; that which supports retributive justice; that which is essential to mourning; and that which elicits
renunciation or revelation.