This proceedings volume highlights the state-of-the-art knowledge related to optimization, decisions science and problem solving
methods, as well as their application in industrial and territorial systems. It includes contributions tackling these themes
using models and methods based on continuous and discrete optimization, network optimization, simulation and system dynamics,
heuristics, metaheuristics, artificial intelligence, analytics, and also multiple-criteria decision making. The number and
the increasing size of the problems arising in real life require mathematical models and solution methods adequate to their
complexity. There has also been increasing research interest in Big Data and related challenges. These challenges can be recognized
in many fields and systems which have a significant impact on our way of living: design, management and control of industrial
production of goods and services; transportation planning and traffic management in urban and regional areas; energy production
and exploitation; natural resources and environment protection; homeland security and critical infrastructure protection;
development of advanced information and communication technologies. The chapters in this book examine how to deal with new
and emerging practical problems arising in these different fields through the presented methodologies and their applications.
The chapter topics are applicable for researchers and practitioners working in these areas, but also for the operations research
The contributions were presented during the international conference "Optimization and Decision Science"
(ODS2017), held at Hilton Sorrento Palace Conference Center, Sorrento, Italy, September 4 - 7, 2017. ODS 2017, was organized
by AIRO, Italian Operations Research Society, in cooperation with DIETI (Department of Electrical Engineering and Information
Technology) of University "Federico II" of Naples.