Tolstoy and his Disciples

The History of a Radical International Movement

Tolstoy and his Disciples

In the last thirty years of his life, Leo Tolstoy developed a moral philosophy that embraced pacifism, vegetarianism, the renunciation of private property, and a refusal to comply with the state. Les mer
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Tolstoy and his Disciples

In the last thirty years of his life, Leo Tolstoy developed a moral philosophy that embraced pacifism, vegetarianism, the renunciation of private property, and a refusal to comply with the state. The transformation in his outlook led to his excommunication by the Orthodox Church and the breakdown of his family life. Internationally, he inspired a legion of followers who formed communities and publishing houses devoted to living and promoting the 'Tolstoyan' life. These enterprises flourished across Europe and the United States in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, and Tolstoyism influenced individuals as diverse as William Jennings Bryan and Mohandas Gandhi.

Through its unique treatment of Tolstoyism, this book provides the first in-depth historical account of this remarkable phenomenon, and provides an important re-assessment of Tolstoy's impact on the political life of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Charlotte Alston describes Tolstoyism as an international phenomenon and explores both the connections between these Tolstoyan groups and their relationships with other related reform movements.

Acknowledgements
Notes on Transliteration

Introduction
1.The Russian Context
2.Translations and Conversions
3. International Tolstoyism: Britain and Beyond
4. Tolstoyism in Practice: Communities, Societies and Publishing Enterprises
5. Contexts and Convictions
6. Tolstoyan Legacies
Conclusion

Notes
Bibliography
Index

As the vast empire of Imperial Russia struggled with the emancipation of the serfs and creeped inexorably towards revolution, Leo Tolstoy underwent what he termed a 'spiritual awakening'. Advocating an extreme internationalism and the principles of non-violence, Tolstoy inspired a legion of followers.

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