Published annually, Brookings Papers on Education Policy (BPEP) analyzes policies intended to improve student performance.
In each volume, some of the best-informed analysts in various disciplines review the current situation in education and consider
programs for reform. In this fifth annual issue of the series, prominent educators and other social scientists discuss accountability
and its consequences for students. Contents include: ! DegreesGrade Retention and Social Promotion in Texas, 1994-99!+/- A.
Gary Dworkin, Jon Lorence, Laurence Toenjes, and Antwanette Hill (University of Houston) ! DegreesReform, Resistance... Retreat?
The Predictable Policies of Accountability in Virginia!+/- Frederick Hess (University of Virginia) ! DegreesSchool Accountability
in California: An Early Evaluation!+/- Julian Betts (UC San Diego and Public Policy Institute of California) and Anne Danenberg
(Public Policy Institute of California) ! DegreesStandards and Accountability in Washington State!+/- (Paul Hill and Robin
Lake (University of Washington) ! DegreesVolatility in School Test Scores: Implications for Test-Based Accountability Systems!+/-
Tom Kane (Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University) and Douglas O Staiger (Dartmouth College) ! DegreesBuilding a
High-Quality Assessment Program: The Philadelphia Example!+/- Andy Porter (Wisconsin Center for Education and Research) and
Mitchell Chester (Philadelphia School System) ! DegreesAccountability in Chicago!+/- Alfred Hess (Northwestern University)