David Williams has spent a lifetime working happily in planning, economic development and regeneration, first with Liverpool
and Bexley councils, then with the Civic Trust Regeneration Unit. Finally, in 1997, he set up a communityplanning consultancy,
Tellus 42, working with councils, chambers and regeneration partnerships, council estates, town centres and inner neighbourhoods,
community groups and charities. In Civilizing Cities, part 1 shows how cities function and grow, and how, since about 1900,
density has given way to sprawl. Part 2 discusses the loss of diversity, also since 1900, through retail sheds, globalization,
road traffic and social ghettoes. Part 3 concludes by setting an agenda for city revival through a new pragmatic theory for
planning, a comprehensive outline of what sustainable development actually means and, last, how to restore the balance between
local and central government and involve citizens in that process. In short, restoring local democracy.