On Revolution in the 21st Century
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In this exhaustive account, Pierre Dardot and Christian Laval show how the common has become the defining principle of alternative political movements in the 21st century. In societies deeply shaped by neoliberal rationality, the common is increasingly invoked as the operative concept of practical struggles creating new forms of democratic governance. In a feat of analytic clarity, Dardot and Laval dissect and synthesize a vast repository on the concept of the commons, from the fields of philosophy, political theory, economics, legal theory, history, theology, and sociology.
Instead of conceptualizing the common as an essence of man or as inherent in nature, the thread developed by Dardot and Laval traces the active lives of human beings: only a practical activity of commoning can decide what will be shared in common and what rules will govern the common's citizen-subjects. This re-articulation of the common calls for nothing less than the institutional transformation of society by society: it calls for a revolution.
The Common: A Political Principle
Chapter 1: Archaeology of the Common
PART 1: The Emergence of the Common
Chapter 2: The Communist Burden; or Communism Against the Common
Chapter 3: The Great Appropriation and the Return of the "Commons"
Chapter 4: Critiquing the Political Economy of the Commons
Chapter 5: Common, Rents, and Capital
PART 2: Law and Institution of the Common
Chapter 6: The Law of Property and the Unappropriable
Chapter 7: Law of the Common and "Common Law"
Chapter 8: The "Customary Law of Poverty"
Chapter 9: The Workers' Common: Between Custom and Institution
Chapter 10: Instituent Praxis
PART 3: Nine Political Propositions
Postscript on the Revolution of the 21st Century
A radical and substantial intervention into contemporary political thought calling for a new way of thinking about 'the common'.