This book is about the ways in which modern enlightenment, rather than liberating humanity from tyranny, has subjected us
to new servitude imposed by systems of mass manipulation, electronic vigilance, compulsive consumerism, and the horrors of
a seemingly unending global war on terror. The main intellectual aims of this title are the following: the analysis of spectacle,
the criticism of providential enlightenment, and the examination of positive dialectics. The spectacle, in this case, is the
apotheosis of the culture industries, a total inversion of reality and of our existences. Providential enlightenment is not
only a critique of the failure of enlightenment, but of the mutilation of historical enlightenments. Positive dialectics signal
a new era of intellectual engagement in the construction of our historical future. During a time in which national democracies
seem an imperial farce, it is not enough for intellectuals faced with all this destruction to blithely recommend resistance.
The book thus ties American, British, French and German theoretical traditions into a reflexive challenge to the notion of
intellectual as critic, and argues instead for a trespassive tradition of cultural leadership.