Photoassociation of Ultracold CsYb Molecules and Determination of Interspecies Scattering Lengths
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In detail, the thesis reports the first and only ultracold mixture of Cs and Yb in the world, giving details of the methods used to cool such contrasting atomic species together. Using sensitive two-colour photoassociation measurements to measure the binding energies of the near-threshold CsYb molecular levels in the electronic ground state has allowed the previously unknown scattering lengths to be accurately determined for all the Cs-Yb isotopic combinations. As part of this work, the one-photon photoassociation of ultracold Cs*Yb is also studied, yielding useful information on the excited-state potential. Knowledge of the scattering lengths enables a strategy to be devised to cool both species to quantum degeneracy and, crucially, determines the positions of interspecies Feshbach resonances required for efficient association of ground-state CsYb molecules. With these results, the prospect of bringing a new molecule into the ultracold regime has become considerably closer.
Introduction.- Routes to Ground State CsYb Molecules.- Experimental Setup.- Quantum Degenerate Gases of Yb.- A Quantum Degenerate Gas of Cs.- Thermalisation in an ultracold mixture of Cs and Yb.- One-Photon Photoassociation.- Two-Photon Photoassociation.- Conclusions and Outlook.- Bibliography.