Social Development in the World Bank

Essays in Honor of Michael M. Cernea

Maritta Koch-Weser (Redaktør) ; Scott Guggenheim (Redaktør)

This open access book honors the work of Michael Cernea, who was the World Bank's first professional sociologist, by taking on and extending his arguments for "putting people first." Cernea led a community of social scientists in formulating and promoting a comprehensive set of innovative and original social policies on development issues, which the World Bank adopted and implemented. Les mer
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Leveringstid: Sendes innen 7 virkedager

Om boka

This open access book honors the work of Michael Cernea, who was the World Bank's first professional sociologist, by taking on and extending his arguments for "putting people first." Cernea led a community of social scientists in formulating and promoting a comprehensive set of innovative and original social policies on development issues, which the World Bank adopted and implemented. This book includes globally significant work on urban and rural development, the epistemology of using social science knowledge in national and international development, methodologies for using social organization for more effective poverty reduction, and the experience of crafting social policies to become normative frameworks for purposive collective social action. And by including contributions from senior policy makers in the World Bank who helped shepherd social science's entry into development policy and practice, it provides a unique look at how organizational change can happen.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

Part I: Growing Social Science Demand at the World Bank.



Chapter 1: The Important Contribution of Social Knowledge to International Development.



Chapter 2: The Road to Achieving Critical Mass of Sociologists and Anthropologists in the World Bank.



Chapter 3: Address to the World Bank Sociological Group.



Chapter 4: Working Together: Broadening the World Bank's Development Paradigm.



Chapter 5: Social Analysis in the World Bank.



Chapter 6: Resettlement, Impoverishment, and Development's Pathologies.



Chapter 7: The Direct and Major Operational Relevance of Social Assessments.



Chapter 9: Writing New Rules and Changing Old Practices.







Part II: Social Development Work - Live.



Chapter 9: Malinowski Award Lecture 1996 Social Organization and Development Anthropology.



Chapter 10: Anthropology at Work.



Chapter 11: Social Development (excerpts from her 2004 Oral History).



Chapter 12: Putting People First in Practice: Indonesia and the Kecamatan Development Program.



Chapter 13: The World Bank and Indigenous Peoples.



Chapter 14: The Need for Social Research and the Broadening of CGIAR's Paradigm.



Chapter 15: Fighting Poverty, Combatting Social Exclusion.







Part III: Involuntary Resettlement.



Chapter 16: The Risk and Reconstruction Model for Resettling Displaced Populations.



Chapter 17: Muddy Waters: Inside The World Bank As It Struggled With The Narmada Irrigation And Resettlement Projects, Western India.



Chapter 18: Performance in Resettlement.



Chapter 19: From Onlookers to Participants: How the Role of Social Scientists has Changed in India's Development in the last Seventy Years.



Chapter 20: Social Assessment and Resettlement Policies and Practice in China: Contributions by Michael Cernea to Development in China.







Part IV: Retrospective & Outlook.



Chapter 21: A Retrospective: MICHAEL M. CERNEA (1934).

Om forfatteren

Maritta R. von Bieberstein Koch-Weser is an anthropologist and environmentalist with a PhD from the Universities of Bonn and Cologne, Germany. She also received an honorary doctorate from Oxford Brookes University, UK, in 2010. Early in her career she taught anthropology and Latin American studies at George Washington University in Washington, DC, and conducted extensive fieldwork in Brazil. One of the World Banks first social scientists, she served for 20 years as a project officer and in various senior management positions in South and East Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, Eastern Europe, various countries of the former Soviet Union, and Latin America. She also helped establish the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) at the World Bank, has headed a number of the bank's Environment Programs in the Asia Region, and was Director of Environmental and Socially Sustainable Development for the Latin America and Caribbean Region. After leaving the World Bank, Koch-Weser served as Director General of the World Conservation Union (IUCN) in Gland, Switzerland. She is the founder and President of Earth3000, a non-profit organization established in 2001, which supports strategic innovations in governance for environment and development. She also leads the University of Sao Paulo, Institute of Advanced Studies' program Amazonia em Transformacao: Historia e Perspectivas.



Scott Guggenheim received his PhD from the John Hopkins University and became a full staff anthropologist at the World Bank in 1989. Moving to Indonesia in 1994, Guggenheim and his team developed the nationwide community development program described in the book, which has since been replicated in East Timor, Philippines, Afghanistan, Myanmar and elsewhere. Dr. Guggenheim served as Senior Development Adviser to the Office of the President, Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, from 2014-2018. He is currently an Adjunct Professor at Georgetown University in Washington, DC. His publications include Power and Protest in the Countryside (with Robert Weller), Anthropological Approaches to Involuntary Resettlement: Policy Practice, and Theory (with Michael Cernea), "Development and Dynamics of Displacement"; "Cock or Bull: Cockfighting and Social Change in the Philippines" (Filipinas); and "Compadrazgo, Baptism and the Symbolism of a Second Birth" (with Maurice Bloch, Man).