This book describes the state of the lay participation system in criminal justice, saiban-in seido, in Japanese society. Starting
with descriptions of the outlines of lay participation in the Japanese criminal justice system, the book deals with the questions
of what the lay participants think about the system after their participation, how the general public evaluate the system,
whether the introduction of lay participation has promoted trust in the justice system in Japan, and the foci of Japanese
society's interest in the lay participation system. To answer these questions, the author utilizes data obtained from social
surveys of actual participants and of the general public. The book also explores the results of quantitative text analyses
of newspaper articles. With those data, the author describes how Japanese society evaluates the implementation of the system
and discusses whether the system promotes democratic values in Japan.