3D Printing For Dummies

; Kalani Kirk Hausman

The bestselling book on 3D printing 3D printing is one of the coolest inventions we've seen in our lifetime, and now you can join the ranks of businesspeople, entrepreneurs, and hobbyists who use it to do everything from printing foods and candles to replacement parts for older technologies and tons of mind-blowing stuff in between! With 3D Printing For Dummies at the helm, you'll find all the fast and easy-to-follow guidance you need to grasp the methods available to create 3D printable objects using software, 3D scanners, and even photographs through open source software applications like 123D Catch. Les mer
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Paperback
Legg i
Vår pris: 282,-

(Paperback)
Leveringstid: Sendes innen 7 virkedager

Om boka

The bestselling book on 3D printing 3D printing is one of the coolest inventions we've seen in our lifetime, and now you can join the ranks of businesspeople, entrepreneurs, and hobbyists who use it to do everything from printing foods and candles to replacement parts for older technologies and tons of mind-blowing stuff in between! With 3D Printing For Dummies at the helm, you'll find all the fast and easy-to-follow guidance you need to grasp the methods available to create 3D printable objects using software, 3D scanners, and even photographs through open source software applications like 123D Catch. Thanks to the growing availability of 3D printers, this remarkable technology is coming to the masses, and there's no time like the present to let your imagination run wild and actually create whatever you dream up quickly and inexpensively. When it comes to 3D printing, the sky's the limit!
* Covers each type of 3D printing technology available today: stereolithology, selective sintering, used deposition, and granular binding * Provides information on the potential for the transformation of production and manufacturing, reuse and recycling, intellectual property design controls, and the commoditization of products * Walks you through the process of creating a RepRap printer using open source designs, software, and hardware * Offers strategies for improved success in 3D printing On your marks, get set, innovate!

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

Introduction 1


About This Book 2


Foolish Assumptions 2


Icons Used in This Book 3


Beyond the Book 4


Where to Go from Here 4


Part 1: Getting Started with 3D Printing 5


Chapter 1: Seeing How 3D Printers Fit into Modern Manufacturing 7


Embracing Additive Manufacturing 8


Defining additive manufacturing 9


Contrasting with traditional manufacturing 10


Understanding the advantages of additive manufacturing 13


Exploring the Applications of 3D Printing 17


Working with RepRap 18


Chapter 2: Exploring the Types of 3D Printing 19


Exploring Basic Forms of Additive Manufacturing 19


Photopolymers 20


Granular powders 24


Laminates 27


Filament-based production 28


Understanding the Limitations of Current Technologies 29


Considering fabrication rates 29


Exploring size constraints 30


Identifying object design constraints 30


Understanding material restrictions 31


Chapter 3: Exploring Applications of 3D Printing 33


Looking at Current Uses of 3D Printing 34


Rapid prototyping 34


Direct digital fabrication 35


Restoration and repair 36


Designing for the Future with 3D Printing 39


Household goods 39


Buildings 40


Bridges 43


Examining Molding and Casting through 3D Printing 43


Lost-material casting 43


Sintered metal infusion 44


Applying Artistic Touches and Personalization 44


Medical implants 44


Biological implants (organs) 46


Item personalization 46


Clothing and textiles 46


Customizing Designs on the Fly 48


Military operations 48


Space 49


Part 2: Outlining 3D-Printing Resources 51


Chapter 4: Identifying Available Materials for 3D Printing 53


Exploring Extruded Materials 54


Thermoplastics 55


Experimental materials 59


Extruded alternatives 59


Identifying Granular Materials 61


Plastic powders 61


Sugar and salt 61


Metal powders 62


Sand and natural granular materials 63


Exploring Photo-Cured Resins 64


Understanding Bioprinting 65


Bioprinting food and animal products 66


Replacement tissues and organs 67


Identifying Other Uses for Materials 67


Recycling materials 68


Producing food 68


Caring for people 69


Chapter 5: Identifying Sources for 3D-Printable Objects 71


Exploring Object Repositories 72


Vendor repositories 72


Community repositories 74


Designing in the Computer 75


Scanning Objects 78


Capturing Structure from Photographs 82


Preparing Models for Printing 85


3D model viewers 86


Mesh modelers 86


Mesh repairers 86


Part 3: Exploring the Business Side of 3D Printing 87


Chapter 6: Commoditizing 3D Printing 89


Democratizing Manufacturing 89


Derived designs 90


Curated artifacts 90


Expanded opportunities 91


Establishing Personal Storefronts 94


Creating a unique design 94


Fabricating a unique product on demand 96


Creating "Impossible" Objects 98


Building New Tools 99


Moving beyond solid blocks 99


Creating the tool that will create the tool 100


Chapter 7: Understanding 3D Printing's Effect on Traditional Lines of Business 103


Transforming Production 103


Displacing the production line 104


Abbreviating the manufacturing chain 105


Providing local fabrication 106


Eliminating traditional release cycles 107


Challenging Intellectual Property Laws 107


Threatening IP protections 108


Assigning legal liability 110


Leveraging Expired Patents 110


Working around patents 111


Protecting intellectual property rights 112


Imposing Ethical Controls 113


Chapter 8: Reviewing 3D-Printing Research 115


Building Fundamental Technologies 115


Crafting educational tools 116


Expanding 3D-printing options 118


Creating 3D-printed electronics 119


Creating Functional Designs 119


Drones, robots, and military applications 120


Von Neumann machines 121


Expanding Material Selection 122


Supporting Long Space Voyages 123


Creating Medical Opportunities 125


Part 4: Employing Personal 3D-Printing Devices 127


Chapter 9: Exploring 3D-Printed Artwork 129


Adorning the Body 129


Personalizing Your Environment 131


Incorporating Individualism in Design 132


Visualizing the Abstract 134


Sharing Art 136


Chapter 10: Considering Consumer-Level 3D Printers 139


Examining Cartesian 3D Printers 140


Exploring Delta Options 143


Understanding Polar Fabrication 146


Getting to Know SCARA and Robot Arm Motion 147


Building Emerging Alternatives 148


Open innovation and community designs 151


Examining Printers for Flexible Materials 152


Understanding Shore ratings 152


Printing with soft filaments 153


Sampling 3D Food Printers 154


Going beyond RepRap 159


Prusa i3 MK2 159


Sigma 160


Printrbot Simple Metal 161


LulzBot Taz 6 161


Ultimaker 3 162


MakerBot 163


Chapter 11: Deciding on a RepRap of Your Own 165


Evaluating Your 3D Printing Needs 166


Do you want a RepRap or another 3D printer? 166


Do you buy a ready-built 3D printer or use a kit? 167


Licensing and Attribution 168


Selecting a 3D Printer Design 171


RepRap designs 171


Home 3D printer kits and self-sourcing 176


Experimental designs 179


Choosing Print Media 181


Thermoplastic 181


PLA/PHA plastic 183


ABS 185


PET 185


Composite or filled materials 186


Paste 187


Identifying Components 189


Structural framework 189


Extruder 189


Build plate 193


Control electronics 194


Software 195


Simplify3D 197


Part 5: Creating a RepRap 3D Printer 201


Chapter 12: Assembling Structural Elements 203


Locating Materials 203


Kits 204


Self-sourcing 206


Printing your own 207


Ask the community 207


Online marketplaces 207


Obtaining Printed Parts for Machine Assembly 208


Understanding the Machine Motion 209


Z-axis motion 210


X and Y motion 212


Building the Frame Structure 214


Assembling the Prusa i3 Y-Axis Frame 219


Assembling the Moving Axis 220


Assembling the Prusa i3 moving Y axis 223


Assembling the Prusa i3 moving Z and X axes 224


Joining the Z, X, and Y axes 227


Sensing the Home Position 228


Chapter 13: Understanding RepRap Control Electronics 231


Understanding RepRap Electronics 231


RAMPS 232


RAMBo 232


Sanguinololu 234


Minitronics 234


RUMBA 235


Elefu-RA V3 235


Megatronics 236


Adding Electronics to Your RepRap 3D Printer 238


Preparing for electronics assembly 238


Fitting the positional sensors to the frame 239


Fitting the heated bed to the Y carriage 241


Preparing and fitting the main electronics 242


Preparing and connecting the power supply 243


Connecting the motor and position-sensing wiring 244


Adding Modular Components, Sensors, and Motors 246


Printing without a computer 246


Installing stepper-motor driver modules 246


Selecting position-sensing modules 249


Identifying power-supply requirements 250


Installing add-ons 253


Connecting RepRap Wiring 255


Configuring Firmware 256


Configuring Prusa i3 firmware 258


Uploading Marlin firmware to RAMPS electronics 263


Chapter 14: Assembling the RepRap Extruder 265


Thermoplastic Extrusion 265


Filament drive mechanism 266


Idler wheel 270


Prusa i3 Extruder and Hot-End Assembly 273


Fitting the filament drive to the motor shaft 273


Assembling the extruder idler pressure bearing 273


Fitting the J-head hot-end 274


Fitting the assembled extruder to the X carriage 274


Wiring the extruder to RAMPS 275


Multicolor Print Methods 279


Toothpaste effect 280


Three-way color mixing 280


Two-color printing 281


Layer-selective color printing 282


Cut-and-follow-on printing 283


Extruder Operation and Upgrades 286


Fixing a blocked hot-end or extruder 288


Acquiring an assortment of extruders 289


Cooling extruders with fans 291


Chapter 15: Identifying Software and Calibrating Your 3D Printer 295


Finding 3D Design Software and Models 295


Using design software 301


Verifying models with Netfabb 303


Working with Slic3r 305


Configuring Slic3r 305


Processing models with Slic3r 308


Calibrating Your 3D Printer 315


Leveling your print bed 316


Tuning your hot-end temperature control 318


Calibrating extruder distance 318


Printing Objects 322


Printing vases, pots, and cups 326


Printing large single-piece objects 328


Printing tiny or highly detailed objects 328


Printing many objects at the same time 329


Improving print quality 330


Chapter 16: Refining the Design and 3D-Printing Process 331


Being Productive with 3D Printing 331


Refining Your Print Preparations 333


Examining a Design Example 336


Designing Parts for 3D Printing 340


Material 341


Orientation 342


Layer height 344


Nozzle size and perimeter outlines 344


Infill level 344


Postprocessing, Recycling, and Finishing an Object 346


Manual finishing 346


Assisted finishing 347


Coatings 348


Printing Big: Bonding and Joining Parts 349


Recycling 351


Using a Web-Based 3D-Printing Interface 354


OctoPrint 354


Duet 354


Part 6: The Part of Tens 355


Chapter 17: Ten Examples of Direct Digital Manufacturing and Personalization 357


Producing 3D-Printed Food 357


Printing Tissues and Organs 358


Fashioning Biological Replicas 358


Crafting Clothing and Footwear 359


Customizing Jewelry 360


Making Hollywood Spectacular 360


Creating Structures 361


Reaching beyond the Sky 361


Constructing Robots 362


Printing 3D Printers 363


Chapter 18: Ten Impossible Designs Created Using Additive Manufacturing 365


Personalized Objects 365


Medical Implants 367


Dental Repair 367


Self-Deploying Robots 368


Printed Drones and Aircraft Parts 368


On-Demand, On-Site Manufacturing 369


Custom Objects Created in Space 369


Art on Demand 370


Locally Fabricated Items 370


Body Parts 371


Index 373

Om forfatteren

Richard Horne (RichRap) has worked as an engineer, marketer, and product designer. He blogs and shares ideas on making 3D printing easier for everyone. Kalani Kirk Hausman has experience as an IT consultant, enterprise architect, auditor, and ISO. He conducts research on integrating 3D-printed materials into educational curricula.