Block by Block: The Historical and Theoretical Foundations of Thermodynamics

At the heart of many fields - physics, chemistry, engineering - lies thermodynamics. While this science plays a critical role in determining the boundary between what is and is not possible in the natural world, it occurs to many as an indecipherable black box, thus making the subject a challenge to learn. Les mer
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Om boka

At the heart of many fields - physics, chemistry, engineering - lies thermodynamics. While this science plays a critical role in determining the boundary between what is and is not possible in the natural world, it occurs to many as an indecipherable black box, thus making the subject a challenge to learn. Two obstacles contribute to this situation, the first being the disconnect between the fundamental theories and the underlying physics and the second being the
confusing concepts and terminologies involved with the theories. While one needn't confront either of these two obstacles to successfully use thermodynamics to solve real problems, overcoming both provides access to a greater intuitive sense of the problems and more confidence, more strength, and
more creativity in solving them.

This book offers an original perspective on thermodynamic science and history based on the three approaches of a practicing engineer, academician, and historian. The book synthesises and gathers into one accessible volume a strategic range of foundational topics involving the atomic theory, energy, entropy, and the laws of thermodynamics.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

List of Figures
Introduction
Acknowledgements
Part I - The Big Bang (and the synthesis of the elements in stars)
1. The Big Bang: science
2. The Big Bang: discovery
Part II - The Atom (hard spheres that attract and repel each other)
3. The Atom: science
4. The Atom: discovery
Part III - Energy and the Conservation Laws
5. Energy: science (and some history)
6. Motion prior to Galileo
7. Galileo and the Law of Fall
8. Newton and the Laws of Motion
9. The lever
10. The rise of mv2
11. Bernoulli and Euler unite Newton and Leibniz
12. Rudimentary version of the conservation of mechanical energy (1750)
13. Heat: the missing piece to the puzzle
14. Joseph Black and the rise of heat capacity
15. Lavoisier and the birth of modern chemistry
16. Rise of the steam engine
17. Caloric theory: beginning of its end
18. The ideal gas
19. The final steps to energy and its conservation
20. Julius Robert Mayer
21. James Joule
22. The 1st Law of Thermodynamics
23. Epilogue: The mystery of beta decay
Part IV - Entropy and the Laws of Thermodynamics
24. Entropy: science (and some history)
25. It started with the piston
26. Britain and the steam engine
27. The Newcomen engine
28. James Watt
29. Trevithick, Woolf, and high-pressure steam
30. Sadi Carnot
31. Rudolf Clausius
32. William Thomson (Lord Kelvin)
33. The creation of thermodynamics
34. Clausius and the road to entropy
35. J. Willard Gibbs
36. Gibbs' 3rd paper
37. Practical applications & Gibbs energy (G)
38. Dissemination of Gibbs' work
39. The 2nd Law, entropy, and the chemists
40. Clausius: the kinetic theory of gases
41. Maxwell: the rise of statistical mechanics
42. Boltzmann: the probabilistic interpretation of entropy
43. Shannon: entropy and information theory
Afterword
Bibliography
Index
Epigraph Permissions