'Ethics' was not developed as a separate branch of philosophy
in Buddhist traditions until the modern period, though Buddhist philosophers have always been concerned with the moral significance
of thoughts, emotions, intentions, actions, virtues, and precepts. Their most penetrating forms of moral reflection have been
developed within disciplines of practice aimed at achieving freedom and peace. This Element first offers a brief overview
of Buddhist thought and modern scholarly approaches to its diverse forms of moral reflection. It then explores two of the
most prominent philosophers from the main strands of the Indian Buddhist tradition - Buddhaghosa and Santideva - in a comparative
1. Introduction; 2. Buddhaghosa and the analysis of moral experience and development; 3. Santideva and an
ethic of radical compassion; 4. Conclusions; References.
This Element offers a brief overview of Buddhist thought and
modern scholarly approaches to its diverse forms of moral reflection.