County Lines

Criminal Networks and Evolving Drug Markets in Britain

; Grace Robinson ; James A. Densley

This brief sheds light on evolving drug markets and the county lines phenomenon in the British context. Drawing upon empirical research gathered in the field between 2012-2019 across two sites, Scotland's West Coast and Merseyside in England, this book adopts a grounded approach to the drug supply model, detailing how drugs are purchased, sold and distributed at every level of the supply chain at both sites. Les mer
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Paperback
Legg i
Vår pris: 607,-

(Paperback) Fri frakt!
Leveringstid: Sendes innen 7 virkedager

Om boka

This brief sheds light on evolving drug markets and the county lines phenomenon in the British context. Drawing upon empirical research gathered in the field between 2012-2019 across two sites, Scotland's West Coast and Merseyside in England, this book adopts a grounded approach to the drug supply model, detailing how drugs are purchased, sold and distributed at every level of the supply chain at both sites.
The authors conducted interviews with practitioners, offenders, ex-offenders and those members of the general public most effected by organised crime. The research explores how drug markets have continued to evolve, accumulating in the phenomenon that is county lines. It explores how such behavior has gradually become ever more intertwined with other forms of organised criminal activity.
Useful for researchers, policy makers, and law enforcement officials, this brief recommends a rethinking of current reactive policing strategies.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

Part I







Chapter 1. A Tale Of Two Research Sites



Glasgow and West Scotland



Crime and Drug Harms



Data Sources and Methods



Merseyside



Crime and Drug Harms



Data Sources and Methods



Chapter Summary







Chapter 2. County Lines In Context



Child Criminal Exploitation



County Lines



Cuckooing



Chapter Summary







Part II







Chapter 3. Illicit Drug Markets Today



The Rise of the Modern Gangster



Cornering an Evolving Market



Changing Course



Adopting a Professional Ethos



"I'm Professional, not a Thug"



Evolution Continues



Chapter Summary







Chapter 4. Working County Lines



Location, Location, Location



Setting Up Shop



Networking



Cuckooing, incentives, advertising, and dealing



Transportation and Trafficking



Extra-Legal Governance



Chapter Summary







Chapter 5. Negotiating The Victim/Offender Nexus



Dealers or Victims?



Earning a wage



Working off debts



Wall of silence



Organised Criminals or Getting by?



Chapter Summary







Part III







Conclusion



Discussion of Findings



Research Limitations



Implications for Policy and Research

Om forfatteren

Robert McLean is a criminal justice lecturer at the University of the West of Scotland. As well as making a number of media appearances, McLean has also published widely on the topics of gang/group offending, (dis)organised crime, drug harms, and criminal desistance.



Grace Robinson is Programme Leader of Criminology at Blackpool and the Fylde College. Grace has recently completed a PhD researching gangs, Child Criminal Exploitation and County Lines, at Edge Hill University.



James Densley is Professor of Criminal Justice at Metropolitan State University and co-founder of The Violence Project. He has received global media attention for his work on street gangs, criminal networks, violence, and policing. Densley is the author of two prior books, including How Gangs Work (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013), 40 refereed articles in leading social science journals, and over 50 book chapters, essays, and other non-refereed works. He earned his DPhil in sociology from the University of Oxford.