Social Bridges and Contexts in Criminology and Sociology

Reflections on the Intellectual Legacy of James F. Short, Jr.

Lorine A Hughes (Redaktør) ; Lisa M Broidy (Redaktør)

«<p>"This important volume critically examines James F. Short’s groundbreaking and classic work in urban sociology and criminology, and foreshadows his enduring influence on the field’s future generation of scholars."</p><b><i> </i></b><p><b><i>Elijah Anderson, Sterling Professor of Sociology and of African American Studies, Department of Sociology, Yale University </i></b></p> <p><b><i>"To this day, the fundamental insights that characterized Jim Short's impressive career continue to resonate with criminologists and influence their scholarship. The quality of the contributors and their essays in this volume provide strong testimony to that."</i></b></p><b><i><b><i> </i></b></i></b><p><b><i><b><i>Alfred Blumstein, J. Erik Jonsson University Professor of Urban Systems And Operations Research, Emeritus, Heinz College, Carnegie Me»

Social Bridges and Contexts in Criminology and Sociology brings together leading scholars to commemorate the illustrious career and enduring contributions of Professor James F. Short, Jr., to the social sciences. Les mer
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Om boka

Social Bridges and Contexts in Criminology and Sociology brings together leading scholars to commemorate the illustrious career and enduring contributions of Professor James F. Short, Jr., to the social sciences. Although Professor Short is best known as a gang scholar, he was a bridging figure who advanced the study of human behavior across multiple domains.


Individual chapters document Professor Short's intellectual development and highlight the significance of his theoretical and empirical work in a range of specialty areas, including suicide and homicide, criminological theory, field and self-report survey research methodologies, white-collar crime, hazards and risks, levels of explanation, microsocial group processes, and the etiology of gang violence and delinquency. A special feature of this book is the collection of brief personal reflection essays appearing after the main chapters. Authored by Professor Short's students, colleagues, collaborators, and friends, these essays provide powerful testimonials of the influence of his intellectual legacy as well as his generous spirit and commitment to mentorship.


Written in a clear and direct style, this book will appeal to students and scholars of criminology and sociology, and all those interested in the important contributions of Professor James F. Short, Jr., to these subject areas.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

List of Contributors





Editorial Introduction


Lorine A. Hughes and Lisa M. Broidy


PART ONE. INTELLECTUAL ROOTS


Chapter 1. Reflections on Disciplines and Fields, Problems, Policies, and Life


James F. Short, Jr.


Chapter 2. James F. Short, Jr.-A Legacy of Integration


Charles R. Tittle


Chapter 3. Jim Short and the Chicago School of Sociology


Andrew V. Papachristos





PART TWO. EARLY CAREER CONTRIBUTIONS


Chapter 4. Understanding Lethal Violence: Homicide and Suicide


Charis E. Kubrin


Chapter 5. Measuring Individual Behaviors with Self-Reports: The Case of Self-Reported Delinquency


Alex R. Piquero





PART THREE. CROWNING INSIGHTS


Chapter 6. Core Controversies and Debates in the Study of Gangs


Finn-Aage Esbensen and Cheryl L. Maxson


Chapter 7. Levels of Explanation and the Group Process Perspective


Scott H. Decker and David C. Pyrooz


Chapter 8. Social Observation, Participation, and Ethnography


Mark S. Fleisher


Chapter 9. Status Management and Situational Inducements to Violence


Chris Melde and Mark T. Berg


Chapter 10. Collective Action, Rational Choice, and Gang Delinquency: Appreciating Short and Strodtbeck ([1965] 1974)


Ross L. Matsueda and Charles C. Lanfear





PART FOUR. NOVEL APPLICATIONS TO KNOWLEDGE AND POLICY


Chapter 11. Group Process and Knowledge Formation in Context: Gang Delinquency and Mass Atrocity Crimes


Joachim J. Savelsberg


Chapter 12. Government Commissions and the Search for Knowledge: Basic and Applied


James F. Short, Jr.





PART FIVE. REFLECTION ESSAYS


1. James F. Short, Jr.: A Remembrance


Geoffrey Alpert


2. How Dr. Short Became Jim


Jurg Gerber


3. Jim Short, All-American Advocate


John Hagan


4. Personal Reflections on the Impact of James F. Short, Jr.


Janet L. Lauritsen


5. I Still Blame Jodie Foster


Robert F. Meier


6. Roads Well Traveled and A Life Well Lived


Robert J. Sampson


7. Remembering Jim Short


Charles R. Tittle


Index

Om forfatteren

Lorine A. Hughes, PhD, is Professor of Criminal Justice in the School of Public Affairs at the University of Colorado Denver. Her research and teaching interests include gangs, criminological theory, comparative criminology, social networks, and quantitative methods. She studied under Jim Short at Washington State University and collaborated with him for nearly two decades. Together, they digitized and reanalyzed Short and Strodtbeck’s Chicago gang data using modern methods. Resulting publications have appeared in Criminology, Journal of Quantitative Criminology, and Social Forces.


Lisa M. Broidy, PhD, is Regents’ Professor of Sociology and Criminology at the University of New Mexico and Adjunct Professor at Griffith Criminology Institute in Brisbane Australia. Broadly, her scholarship focuses on the causes of crime, with a particular emphasis on the ways in which gender, life course transitions, institutional contact, strains (including victimization and trauma), and emotions influence offending behavior and related outcomes. Combining these interests, she is currently involved in projects in both Australia and the US that examine the impact of criminal justice contact on the well-being of mothers and their children.