Juvenile Delinquency

Why Do Youths Commit Crime?

; Elena Azaola

In each of the chapters, our objective is to encourage the student in the development of new insights on criminal behavior by young people. The manuscript will make the subject come alive by the generous use of "down to earth" examples of the issues involved in the area. Les mer
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Vår pris: 1165,-

(Paperback) Fri frakt!
Leveringstid: Sendes innen 21 dager
På grunn av Brexit-tilpasninger og tiltak for å begrense covid-19 kan det dessverre oppstå forsinket levering.

Om boka

In each of the chapters, our objective is to encourage the student in the development of new insights on criminal behavior by young people. The manuscript will make the subject come alive by the generous use of "down to earth" examples of the issues involved in the area. While each chapter builds on the previous chapters, the text will be written in a manner to reduce the necessity of memorization by students. Each chapter will begin with "What You Need to Know" that highlights key points for the reader and brief chapter outlines. Each chapter will close with questions in review, case studies, and exercises to enhance student learning. Key terms and words will be contained in a glossary that may be referred to by the students.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

Preface
Acknowledgements
Part I: Juveniles Delinquency Overview
Chapter 1: Introduction to the Study of Juvenile Delinquency
Chapter objectives
Overview of juvenile delinquency
Defining adolescence and lack of a uniform definition
Types of Juvenile Misconduct
Measuring Delinquency
Goals of the Juvenile Justice System
Factors that influence juvenile behaviors
Overview of delinquency theories
Crime and Age
Female Delinquency
Overview of federal action on juvenile Justice
Practicum
Summary
Discussion and Review Questions
Chapter 2: Issues Involving Juvenile Delinquency
Chapter objectives
Do We Need A Separate Court System?
Juveniles Involved in Sex Trafficking
Primary Purpose of Juvenile Justice Courts?
Juvenile Incarceration Funding
Privately-Operated Juvenile Institutions
School to Prison Pipeline
Juveniles Who Commit Violent Crimes
Pathways to Desistance
Bullying
Cyber Delinquency
Practicum
Summary
Discussion and Review Questions
Part II: Delinquency Causation Theories
Chapter 3: Classical and Positivists Concepts
Chapter objectives
Delinquency Behaviors
Early Theories of Delinquency
Classical Concepts
Free Will
Rational choice
Mental Capacity Defenses
Early Positivist Concepts
Biological Explanations of Delinquency
Psychological Concepts
Practicum
Summary
Discussion and Review Questions
Chapter 4: Social Structure Concepts
Chapter objectives
Causation Theories
Anomie
Social Structure Processes
Strain
Subcultural Theories
Institutional anomie theory
Symbolic Interaction Theories
Ecological Theories
Practicum
Summary
Discussion and Review Questions
Chapter 5: Social Process and Integrated Theories
Chapter objectives
Social Control Theories
Social Bond Theories
Conflict Theories
Critical Theories
Social Learning Theories
Multi-Factor Theories of Crime
Integrated Theories
Control Balance Theory
Differential Coercion Theory
Practicum
Summary
Discussion and Review Questions
Part III Delinquency Influences
Chapter 6: Families & Peers Delinquency Influences
Chapter objectives
Family Influences
Early Childhood Disruptive Behavior
Functional Family Theory
Peers and Delinquency
Practicum
Summary
Discussion and Review Questions
Chapter 7: Youth Gangs
Chapter objectives
Youth Gang Issues
Defining Youth Gangs
History of Youth Gangs
Gang Indicators
Indicators of Youth Gang Involvement
Dynamics of Youth Gangs
Why Youths Join Gangs
Consequences of Gang Membership
Preventing Gang Membership
Promising Programs for Dealing with Youth Gangs
National Youth Gang Center
Practicum
Summary
Discussion and Review Questions
Chapter 8: Juveniles and Police
Chapter objectives
Police and Juvenile offenders
Police Discretion
School Resource Officers
Police and Rule of Law
Practicum
Summary
Discussion and Review Questions
Part IV Juvenile Justice System
Chapter 9: Juvenile Justice
Chapter objectives
Development of Juvenile Justice
Juvenile Justice Reform
Development of Dependency Jurisdiction
U.S. Supreme Court and the Rights of Juveniles
Practicum
Summary
Discussion and Review Questions
Chapter 10: Juvenile Court Hearings
Chapter objectives
Overview
The Petition
Jurisdictional or Intake Hearing
Adjudicatory hearing
Rights at Juvenile Hearings
Appealing A Juvenile Adjudication
Persons Involved in the Hearings
Reponses and Plea Bargaining
Practicum
Summary
Discussion and Review Questions
Chapter 11: Juvenile Corrections
Chapter objectives
Juvenile Probation
Conditions of Probation
Interstate Compact on Juveniles
Juvenile Probation Officers
Restorative Justice
Revocation of Probation
Practicum
Summary
Discussion and Review Questions
Chapter 12: Juvenile Institutions
Chapter objectives
Overview
Sexual Violence in Juvenile Institutes
Residential Treatment
Juvenile Parole
Types of Institutions
Aftercare
Does Detention make them worst?
Massachusetts Experience
Practicum
Summary
Discussion and Review Questions
Chapter 13: Transfers to Adult Criminal Court
Chapter Objective
Overview
Statistics on Waivers
Waiver of Jurisdiction
Double Jeopardy and the Wavier Decision
Right to Appeal Waiver
Direct Filing in Adult Criminal Court
Practicum
Summary
Discussion and Review Questions
Chapter 14: Enhancing Juvenile Protection
Chapter objectives
Termination of Parental Rights
Protective Orders
Disclosure of Juvenile Information
Expunction of Juvenile Records
Dual System Youths
Juvenile Competency Procedures
Juvenile Drug Courts
Teen Courts
Status Offenses
Practicum
Summary
Discussion and Review Questions
Chapter 15: Comparative Review of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency
Chapter objectives
Overview
United Nations Standards on Juvenile Justice
United Nations World Youth Report
Comparative Study of Youth Crime
Australia
Canada
China
France
Great Britain
India
Japan
Practicum
Summary
Discussion and Review Questions
Author Bios

Om forfatteren

Cliff Roberson is former managing editor in chief of the journal Police Practice & Research, an international journal that is distributed in over 50 countries. In addition, he is an Emeritus Professor at Washburn University and retired Professor of Criminology at California State University, Fresno. His previous academic experience includes Professor of Criminology and Director of Justice Center, California State University, Fresno; Professor of Criminal Justice and Dean of Arts and Sciences at the University of Houston, Victoria; Associate Vice-President for Academic Affairs, Arkansas Tech University; and Director of Programs for the National College of District Attorneys, University of Houston. Cliff's non-academic legal experience includes Chief, Trial and Legal Services Section, Office of State Counsel for Offenders, Texas Board of Criminal Justice; private legal practice; judge pro-tem in the California courts; trial and defense counsel and military judge as a marine judge advocate; and Director of the Military Law Branch, Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps. Cliff is admitted to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court, Federal Courts in California and Texas, Supreme Court of Texas and the Supreme Court of California.

Elena Azaola is a professor at the Center for Advanced Studies and Research in Social Anthropology located in Mexico City. She received a PhD in Anthropology and did post graduate study at Columbia University on deviant behavior. She is also a psychoanalyst. Dr. Azaola was an advisor with the National Commission of Human Rights and a Council Member at the Federal District Commission of Human Rights. She coordinated the European Commission project for street children in Mexico (1999-2003). She has published more than 150 journal articles and numerous books on human behavior, crime, and human rights. Her research on the commercial sexual exploitation of children was sponsored by the United Nations Children Fund. She co-coordinated a National Report on Violence sponsored by the World Health Organization. She was the board chair of the Institute for Security and Democracy, which created the first center for police accreditation in Mexico and won the MacArthur Foundation Award for Creative and Effective Institutions. Presently Dr. Azaola is working on a United Nations funded research on developing "Standards for Mexican Prisons."